Energy engineers deal with the rational use of energy in industrial and civil sectors, and their competences deal with technologies and innovation regarding fossil fuels (oil, coal, gas), renewable energy and nuclear energy.
Their activities entail both the application of mature technologies and the development of innovative technologies (e.g. fuel cells, nuclear fusion, renewable energy systems). Particular attention is given to planning and management of end-uses, to research and to development prospects of new systems and energy carriers (hydrogen) and to environmental impact issues.
The energy problem has a crucial role in global development, especially when considering environmental sustainability and compatibility with the exploitation of natural resources.
Given the goals outlined by national and European programs, energy engineers are therefore operating as technicians in a sector that has a great strategic importance.
As a result of their training, energy engineers can handle advanced applied and industrial research, working in the areas of technological innovation, of great importance in the energy sector.