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Fundamentals of Environmental Geosciences

01DSZNF, 01DSZND

A.A. 2022/23

Course Language

Inglese

Course degree

Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Ingegneria Per L'Ambiente E Il Territorio - Torino
Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Ingegneria Energetica E Nucleare - Torino

Course structure
Teaching Hours
Lezioni 60
Teachers
Teacher Status SSD h.Les h.Ex h.Lab h.Tut Years teaching
Viglione Alberto   Professore Associato ICAR/02 20 0 0 0 1
Teaching assistant
Espandi

Context
SSD CFU Activities Area context
GEO/11
ICAR/01
ICAR/02
2
2
2
B - Caratterizzanti
B - Caratterizzanti
B - Caratterizzanti
Ingegneria per l'ambiente e il territorio
Ingegneria per l'ambiente e il territorio
Ingegneria per l'ambiente e il territorio
Valutazione CPD 2022/23
2022/23
The course offers to the students a basic understanding of applied hydrology, geophysics, and environmental fluid mechanics.
The course is divided in three parts to offer the students a general perspective of three interrelated modules named Applied Hydrology, Geophysics, and Environmental Fluid Mechanics. The first module addresses aspects related to the hydrological cycle and statistical techniques to assess the intensity of extreme precipitation events and river discharges. The second focuses on modern technologies and data analysis techniques currently in use for the exploration of the subsurface and the third is dedicated to pollutant dispersion in aquatic environments and the atmosphere. All three modules are designed to offer a sound understanding of fundamental aspects to address problems of practical engineering relevance.
At the end of the course the students will be able to: - Use statistical methods for quantifying design storm and flood of a given probability of exceedance - Apply simple quantitative analytic and empirical relationships between measurable geophysical parameters and physico-mechanical properties of rocks and soils - Identify and critically assess transport processes in aquatic environments, and describe and quantify turbulence properties of open channel flows - Plan, design and interpret surveys for environmental engineering applications - Prepare a professional report on hydrological extremes, geophysical prospections, and transport of pollutants in streams.
At the end of the course the students will be able to: - Use statistical methods for quantifying design storm and flood of a given probability of exceedance - Apply simple quantitative analytic and empirical relationships between measurable geophysical parameters and physico-mechanical properties of rocks and soils - Identify, critically assess and apply transport processes to model pollutant spread in aquatic environments. - Describe turbulent flows and quantify their characteristic velocity and length scales - Plan, design and interpret surveys for environmental engineering applications - Prepare a professional report on hydrological extremes, geophysical prospections, and river pollution.
Basic knowledge of calculus.
Calculus: Derivation and integration (one and several variables), Taylor series expansion, vector calculus, line integrals, double and triple integrals, basic knowledge of ordinary and partial differential equations. Physics: concepts of linear and angular momentum, Newton’s laws of mechanics, first and second law of thermodynamics.
Part 1, Hydrology (20 hours) - Precipitation and river discharge measurement and estimation - Frequency analysis of hydrological extremes (e.g., intensity, duration and frequency of extreme rainfall, design storm method, flood statistics) Part 2, Geophysics (20 hours) - Physics of the Earth’s interior and rock/soil physical and mechanical properties - Theoretical background of geophysical methods for the characterization and monitoring of the subsurface (seismic, electrical, electromagnetic methods) - Geophysical applications for environmental geosciences and engineering purposes (e.g. geological/hydrogeological characterization of the subsurface, mapping and monitoring of polluted sites, waste management, characterization and monitoring of climate change targets…) Part 3, Fluid mechanics (20 hours) - Molecular diffusion in liquid flows - Hints of turbulent diffusion and dispersion applied to rivers
Part 1, Hydrology (20 hours) - Precipitation and river discharge measurement and estimation - Frequency analysis of hydrological extremes (e.g., intensity, duration and frequency of extreme rainfall, design storm method, flood statistics) Part 2, Geophysics (20 hours) - Physics of the Earth’s interior and rock/soil physical and mechanical properties - Theoretical background of geophysical methods for the characterization and monitoring of the subsurface (seismic, electrical, electromagnetic methods) - Geophysical applications for environmental geosciences and engineering purposes (e.g. geological/hydrogeological characterization of the subsurface, mapping and monitoring of polluted sites, waste management, characterization and monitoring of climate change targets…) Part 3, Fluid mechanics (20 hours) - The diffusion equation and solutions accounting for different initial and boundary conditions - The advection diffusion equation - Effects of solid boundaries - A brief Introduction to turbulence and turbulent diffusion - A brief introduction to dispersion
The course is divided into 3 parts of 20 hours each on the topics of hydrology, geophysics, and environmental fluid mechanics tought by three teachers. Overall, the student will experience 40 hours of frontal lectures and 20 hours of PC-assisted tutorials.
The course is divided into 3 parts of 20 hours each on the topics of hydrology, geophysics, and environmental fluid mechanics tought by three teachers. Overall, the student will experience 40 hours of frontal lectures and 20 hours of PC-assisted tutorials.
The slides of the curse will be made available on the Polito Teaching Portal https://didattica.polito.it Suggested books (for deepening the knowledge on the topics): - Ven Te Chow (2010), Applied Hydrology, Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 572 pages, ISBN: 007070242X, 9780070702424 - Nathabandu T. Kottegoda and Renzo Rosso (2008, 2nd ed.) Applied Statistics for Civil and Environmental Engineers, Blackwell Pub, 718 pages, ISBN: 1405179171, 978-1405179171 - W.M. Telford, L.P. Geldart e R.E.Sheriff: Applied Geophysics, Cambridge University Press
The slides of the curse will be made available on the Polito Teaching Portal https://didattica.polito.it Suggested books (for deepening the knowledge on the topics): - Ven Te Chow (2010), Applied Hydrology, Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 572 pages, ISBN: 007070242X, 9780070702424 - Nathabandu T. Kottegoda and Renzo Rosso (2008, 2nd ed.) Applied Statistics for Civil and Environmental Engineers, Blackwell Pub, 718 pages, ISBN: 1405179171, 978-1405179171 - W.M. Telford, L.P. Geldart e R.E.Sheriff: Applied Geophysics, Cambridge University Press - Fisher et al (1979). Mixing in inland and coastal waters, Academic press, Inc.
Modalità di esame: Prova scritta (in aula); Prova orale obbligatoria; Elaborato progettuale in gruppo;
Exam: Written test; Compulsory oral exam; Group project;
Gli studenti e le studentesse con disabilità o con Disturbi Specifici di Apprendimento (DSA), oltre alla segnalazione tramite procedura informatizzata, sono invitati a comunicare anche direttamente al/la docente titolare dell'insegnamento, con un preavviso non inferiore ad una settimana dall'avvio della sessione d'esame, gli strumenti compensativi concordati con l'Unità Special Needs, al fine di permettere al/la docente la declinazione più idonea in riferimento alla specifica tipologia di esame.
Exam: Written test; Compulsory oral exam; Group project;
Type of exam: one written test (80% weight) and an oral Power Point presentation (20% weight) The written exam (2 hours duration) is aimed at verifying the achievement of a sufficient autonomy in facing typical problems for environmental geosciences. The exam script contains 3 exercises and 3 open questions. The exercises will be solved without the use of laptops, but may require a pocket calculator, and the questions will focus on the topics covered in class. The evaluation of the exam will take into account the resolution methods, the correctness of the numerical solutions, the demonstrated knowledge and the clarity of the presentation. The maximum evaluation for the written exam is 30. The oral Power Point presentation (15 min presentation + 15 min questions) is given by groups of students who will present a multidisciplinary review of a subject of choice, related and preferably expanding the topics presented in the course. The maximum evaluation for the presentation is 30. The evaluation is unique for the group and will constitute 20% of the individual marks.
In addition to the message sent by the online system, students with disabilities or Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) are invited to directly inform the professor in charge of the course about the special arrangements for the exam that have been agreed with the Special Needs Unit. The professor has to be informed at least one week before the beginning of the examination session in order to provide students with the most suitable arrangements for each specific type of exam.
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