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Building physics

01OTYLU, 01OTYPM

A.A. 2020/21

Course Language

Inglese

Course degree

1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Architecture - Torino

Course structure
Teaching Hours
Lezioni 60
Esercitazioni in aula 40
Tutoraggio 40
Teachers
Teacher Status SSD h.Les h.Ex h.Lab h.Tut Years teaching
Lo Verso Valerio Roberto Maria Professore Associato ING-IND/11 60 40 0 0 10
Teaching assistant
Espandi

Context
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ING-IND/11 10 A - Di base Discipline fisico-tecniche ed impiantistiche per l'architettura
2020/21
The course ‘Building Physics’ is a course on basic physics for architecture, and it deals with the environmental quality of indoor and outdoor spaces and with the energy performance of buildings and interior spaces. In this regard, the course aims at supplying students with an appropriate technical knowledge, as well as with tools for quantitative analyses, benchmark values, and building technologies. The main topics of the course include: fundamentals in acoustics, lighting, fluido-dynamics, thermal-dynamics and thermal-kinetics; requirements for environmental comfort; daylighting and electric lighting; sound absorptance and sound insulation; thermal-physics of buildings; appropriate materials and technologies to put into practice the theoretical concepts. The environmental physical phenomena described above will be addressed at a territory scale (during the first term) as well as at a building scale (part of the first term and second term). During the two terms of the course, theoretical concepts and quantitative analytical tools will be supplied to support the deign process the students will be addressed during the design studios which take place during the same term.
The course ‘Building Physics’ is a course on basic physics for architecture, and it deals with the environmental quality of indoor and outdoor spaces and with the energy performance of buildings and interior spaces. In this regard, the course aims at supplying students with an appropriate technical knowledge, as well as with tools for quantitative analyses, benchmark values, and building technologies. The main topics of the course include: fundamentals in acoustics, lighting, fluido-dynamics, thermal-dynamics and thermal-kinetics; requirements for environmental comfort; daylighting and electric lighting; sound absorptance and sound insulation; thermal-physics of buildings; appropriate materials and technologies to put into practice the theoretical concepts. The environmental physical phenomena described above will be addressed at a territory scale (during the first term) as well as at a building scale (part of the first term and second term). During the two terms of the course, theoretical concepts and quantitative analytical tools will be supplied to support the deign process the students will be addressed during the design studios which take place during the same term.
- Knowledge of environmental physical phenomena concerned with lighting, acoustics, thermal-hygrometry, with regard to their physical characters and their impact on the comfort and wellbeing of individuals - Capability to calculate performances and verify requirements in the sectors of acoustics, lighting, thermal-hygrometry, energy exchange and consumption with regard to building envelopes and indoor and outdoor spaces - Capability of defining conscious strategies and design processes concerned with a physical project for buildings and outdoor spaces - Capability of critically analyzing the quantitative results that will be obtained from analytical tools, also in terms of a sensitivity analysis of the outcome - Capability of dealing with a pre-sizing of lighting and HVAC systems.
- Knowledge of environmental physical phenomena concerned with lighting, acoustics, thermal-hygrometry, with regard to their physical characters and their impact on the comfort and wellbeing of individuals - Capability to calculate performances and verify requirements in the sectors of acoustics, lighting, thermal-hygrometry, energy exchange and consumption with regard to building envelopes and indoor and outdoor spaces - Capability of defining conscious strategies and design processes concerned with a physical project for buildings and outdoor spaces - Capability of critically analyzing the quantitative results that will be obtained from analytical tools, also in terms of a sensitivity analysis of the outcome - Capability of dealing with a pre-sizing of lighting and HVAC systems.
Students are required to have gained a basic knowledge in physics, with a degree consistent with high schools, as well as the knowledge of mathematical concepts gained during the course ‘calculus’, scheduled on the first year of the bachelor program.
Students are required to have gained a basic knowledge in physics, with a degree consistent with high schools, as well as the knowledge of mathematical concepts gained during the course ‘calculus’, scheduled on the first year of the bachelor program.
The course consists of two terms: the first term will mainly deal with analyses at a territory scale, while the second term will focus on analyses at a building scale. The course includes the following 4 macro-topics: • ACOUSTICS (2 CFU): the specific topics will be concerned with acoustical phenomenon from a physical (objective) and a perceptive (subjective) viewpoint. Theoretical concepts and practical/calculation tools will be supplied to correctly approach the project of sound absorptance and sound insulation • LIGHTING (2 CFU): the specific topics will be concerned with visual phenomenon from a physical (objective) and a perceptive (subjective) viewpoint. Theoretical concepts and practical/calculation tools will be supplied to correctly approach the project of daylighting and electric lighting • THERMAL AND HYGROMETRICAL PHENOMENA (4 CFU): the specifc topics will deal with climate quantities of outdoor spaces, bacis concepts of thermal-dynamics and psychrometry, with a special focus of the thermal exchange phenomena • TERMAL-PHYSICS OF BUILDINGS (2 CFU): the specific topics will deal with performance indicators related to building envelopes for the purpose of thermal-psychrometric verifications; analytical equations for the calculation of energy and mass balances in buildings; calculation of the energy performance for heating.
The course consists of two terms: the first term will mainly deal with analyses at a territory scale, while the second term will focus on analyses at a building scale. The course includes the following 4 macro-topics: • ACOUSTICS (2 CFU): the specific topics will be concerned with acoustical phenomenon from a physical (objective) and a perceptive (subjective) viewpoint. Theoretical concepts and practical/calculation tools will be supplied to correctly approach the project of sound absorptance and sound insulation • LIGHTING (2 CFU): the specific topics will be concerned with visual phenomenon from a physical (objective) and a perceptive (subjective) viewpoint. Theoretical concepts and practical/calculation tools will be supplied to correctly approach the project of daylighting and electric lighting • THERMAL AND HYGROMETRICAL PHENOMENA (4 CFU): the specifc topics will deal with climate quantities of outdoor spaces, bacis concepts of thermal-dynamics and psychrometry, with a special focus of the thermal exchange phenomena • TERMAL-PHYSICS OF BUILDINGS (2 CFU): the specific topics will deal with performance indicators related to building envelopes for the purpose of thermal-psychrometric verifications; analytical equations for the calculation of energy and mass balances in buildings; calculation of the energy performance for heating.
The course consists of lecture, numerical exercises, and experimental and practical design applications. The numerical exercises will be solved in classroom and will address: calculation of the daylight factor (point and average); calculation of illuminance levels (point and average) due to electric lighting; calculation of the conventional reverberation time in indoor spaces; calculation of the sound insulation according to mass law; behavior of simple thermal-dynamical systems; psychrometry; heat transfer through building envelope components; surface and in-the-mass condensation; application of energy and mass exchange balances in indoor spaces; sizing of heating systems in design conditions; calculation of the energy performance for the heating systems. Consistently with the topics that are dealt with in design studios, both in the first and in second term, a number of experimental activities and design application will be carried out. During the first term, the activities will be at an urban/territory scale and will concern the measurement of physical quantities of outdoor spaces, in terms of temperatures, illuminance and luminance maps, and sound levels. During the second term, the activities will be concerned with design application to buildings and will include the verification of thermal-hygrometric, lighting and acoustical standard requirements.
The course consists of lecture, numerical exercises, and experimental and practical design applications. The numerical exercises will be solved in classroom and will address: calculation of the daylight factor (point and average); calculation of illuminance levels (point and average) due to electric lighting; calculation of the conventional reverberation time in indoor spaces; calculation of the sound insulation according to mass law; behavior of simple thermal-dynamical systems; psychrometry; heat transfer through building envelope components; surface and in-the-mass condensation; application of energy and mass exchange balances in indoor spaces; sizing of heating systems in design conditions; calculation of the energy performance for the heating systems. Consistently with the topics that are dealt with in design studios, both in the first and in second term, a number of experimental activities and design application will be carried out. During the first term, the activities will be at an urban/territory scale and will concern the measurement of physical quantities of outdoor spaces, in terms of temperatures, illuminance and luminance maps, and sound levels. During the second term, the activities will be concerned with design application to buildings and will include the verification of thermal-hygrometric, lighting and acoustical standard requirements.
All the topics of the course that will be addressed in the theory will be also analyzed through practical and application parts, through both exercises and experimentation in-the-filed (indoor space, such as the classroom where the lecture is held, or indoor space).
All the topics of the course that will be addressed in the theory will be also analyzed through practical and application parts, through both exercises and experimentation in-the-filed (indoor space, such as the classroom where the lecture is held, or indoor space).
- AA.VV., Schede di Fisica tecnica ambientale (Le schede verranno rese disponibili sul portale della didattica) - Corrado V., Fabrizio E., Fondamenti di Termofisica dell’Edificio e Climatizzazione, CLUT, Torino, 2012. - Corrado V., Fabrizio E., Applicazioni di Termofisica dell’Edificio e Climatizzazione, CLUT, Torino, 2009. - Astolfi A., Corrado V., Applicazioni di Illuminazione e Acustica, CELID, Torino, 2012. In-depth study books: - Cengel, Y.A., Termodinamica e Trasmissione del Calore, McGraw-Hill, 2013. - Ricciardi, P., Elementi di acustica e illuminotecnica, McGraw-Hill, 2013 - Corrado V., Conoscenze di Base: unità di misura, fonti energetiche e fondamenti di termodinamica, Quaderni di bioedilizia, vol. 3, Forte Chance Piemonte, Torino, 2009. - Capozzoli A., Gorrino A., Caratterizzazione energetica e tecnologie costruttive dell’involucro edilizio, Quaderni di bioedilizia, vol. 6, Forte Chance Piemonte, Torino, 2010. - Oliaro, P., Corrado, V., Appunti delle lezioni di fisica tecnica, Politeko, c.so Einaudi 55, Torino, 1999. - Fracastoro G.V., Fisica tecnica ambientale (parte I, II, III e IV), Torino, 2003, www.mondovi.polito.it/ebook/pubbl.html. - Lo Verso V.R., Aghemo C., Guida alla progettazione dell'illuminazione naturale, AIDI, Torrazzi, Parma, 2003. Further bibliographical, legislative and regulatory references will be provided by the lecturer during the course.
- AA.VV., Schede di Fisica tecnica ambientale (Le schede verranno rese disponibili sul portale della didattica) - Corrado V., Fabrizio E., Fondamenti di Termofisica dell’Edificio e Climatizzazione, CLUT, Torino, 2012. - Corrado V., Fabrizio E., Applicazioni di Termofisica dell’Edificio e Climatizzazione, CLUT, Torino, 2009. - Astolfi A., Corrado V., Applicazioni di Illuminazione e Acustica, CELID, Torino, 2012. In-depth study books: - Cengel, Y.A., Termodinamica e Trasmissione del Calore, McGraw-Hill, 2013. - Ricciardi, P., Elementi di acustica e illuminotecnica, McGraw-Hill, 2013 - Corrado V., Conoscenze di Base: unità di misura, fonti energetiche e fondamenti di termodinamica, Quaderni di bioedilizia, vol. 3, Forte Chance Piemonte, Torino, 2009. - Capozzoli A., Gorrino A., Caratterizzazione energetica e tecnologie costruttive dell’involucro edilizio, Quaderni di bioedilizia, vol. 6, Forte Chance Piemonte, Torino, 2010. - Oliaro, P., Corrado, V., Appunti delle lezioni di fisica tecnica, Politeko, c.so Einaudi 55, Torino, 1999. - Fracastoro G.V., Fisica tecnica ambientale (parte I, II, III e IV), Torino, 2003, www.mondovi.polito.it/ebook/pubbl.html. - Lo Verso V.R., Aghemo C., Guida alla progettazione dell'illuminazione naturale, AIDI, Torrazzi, Parma, 2003. Further bibliographical, legislative and regulatory references will be provided by the lecturer during the course.
Modalità di esame: Prova scritta su carta con videosorveglianza dei docenti; Prova scritta a risposta aperta o chiusa tramite PC con l'utilizzo della piattaforma di ateneo Exam integrata con strumenti di proctoring (Respondus);
For each session of the exam, students will have the chance to pick ether one of the following 3 options: A. FULL PROGRAM: the exam will cover both parts of the course, that is part 1 (Thermal Part) and Part 2 (Lighting + Acoustics), thus covering all the 10 credits of the course B. THERMAL PART: the exam will cover only part 1 of the course (Thermal Part), thus covering 6 partial credits of the course C. LIGHTING + ACOUSTICS: the exam will cover only part 2 of the course (Lighting + Acoustics), thus covering 4 partial credits of the course For each session of the exam, students will have the chance to pick ether one of the following 3 options: Each exam type will consist of a 2-step verification: 1. T/F TEST: the first part of the exam will consist of a true/false test. This part will be managed either onsite (real classrooms) or through the EXAM platform with the support of the RESPONDUS proctoring system The following number of questions is scheduled: - Part A (Full Program): 60 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 50 minutes - Part B (Thermal Part): 30 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 25 minutes - Part C (Lighting + Acoustics): 30 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 25 minutes 2. EXERCISES: the second part of the exam will consist of a number of exercises to be solved analytically. This part will be managed either onsite (real classrooms) or through a number of Virtual Classroom through the Politecnico BBB platform (Big Blue Button). The following number of exercises is scheduled: - Part A (Full Program): 5 exercises. The allocated time will be 5 hours - Part B (Thermal Part): 3 exercises. The allocated time will be 3 hours - Part C (Lighting + Acoustics): 2 exercises. The allocated time will be 2 hours
Exam: Paper-based written test with video surveillance of the teaching staff; Computer-based written test with open-ended questions or multiple-choice questions using the Exam platform and proctoring tools (Respondus);
For each session of the exam, students will have the chance to pick ether one of the following 3 options: A. FULL PROGRAM: the exam will cover both parts of the course, that is part 1 (Thermal Part) and Part 2 (Lighting + Acoustics), thus covering all the 10 credits of the course B. THERMAL PART: the exam will cover only part 1 of the course (Thermal Part), thus covering 6 partial credits of the course C. LIGHTING + ACOUSTICS: the exam will cover only part 2 of the course (Lighting + Acoustics), thus covering 4 partial credits of the course For each session of the exam, students will have the chance to pick ether one of the following 3 options: Each exam type will consist of a 2-step verification: 1. T/F TEST: the first part of the exam will consist of a true/false test. This part will be managed either onsite (real classrooms) or through the EXAM platform with the support of the RESPONDUS proctoring system The following number of questions is scheduled: - Part A (Full Program): 60 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 50 minutes - Part B (Thermal Part): 30 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 25 minutes - Part C (Lighting + Acoustics): 30 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 25 minutes 2. EXERCISES: the second part of the exam will consist of a number of exercises to be solved analytically. This part will be managed either onsite (real classrooms) or through a number of Virtual Classroom through the Politecnico BBB platform (Big Blue Button). The following number of exercises is scheduled: - Part A (Full Program): 5 exercises. The allocated time will be 5 hours - Part B (Thermal Part): 3 exercises. The allocated time will be 3 hours - Part C (Lighting + Acoustics): 2 exercises. The allocated time will be 2 hours
Modalità di esame: Prova scritta (in aula); Prova scritta su carta con videosorveglianza dei docenti; Prova scritta a risposta aperta o chiusa tramite PC con l'utilizzo della piattaforma di ateneo Exam integrata con strumenti di proctoring (Respondus);
For each session of the exam, students will have the chance to pick ether one of the following 3 options: A. FULL PROGRAM: the exam will cover both parts of the course, that is part 1 (Thermal Part) and Part 2 (Lighting + Acoustics), thus covering all the 10 credits of the course B. THERMAL PART: the exam will cover only part 1 of the course (Thermal Part), thus covering 6 partial credits of the course C. LIGHTING + ACOUSTICS: the exam will cover only part 2 of the course (Lighting + Acoustics), thus covering 4 partial credits of the course For each session of the exam, students will have the chance to pick ether one of the following 3 options: Each exam type will consist of a 2-step verification: 1. T/F TEST: the first part of the exam will consist of a true/false test. This part will be managed either onsite (real classrooms) or through the EXAM platform with the support of the RESPONDUS proctoring system The following number of questions is scheduled: - Part A (Full Program): 60 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 50 minutes - Part B (Thermal Part): 30 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 25 minutes - Part C (Lighting + Acoustics): 30 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 25 minutes 2. EXERCISES: the second part of the exam will consist of a number of exercises to be solved analytically. This part will be managed either onsite (real classrooms) or through a number of Virtual Classroom through the Politecnico BBB platform (Big Blue Button). The following number of exercises is scheduled: - Part A (Full Program): 5 exercises. The allocated time will be 5 hours - Part B (Thermal Part): 3 exercises. The allocated time will be 3 hours - Part C (Lighting + Acoustics): 2 exercises. The allocated time will be 2 hours
Exam: Written test; Paper-based written test with video surveillance of the teaching staff; Computer-based written test with open-ended questions or multiple-choice questions using the Exam platform and proctoring tools (Respondus);
For each session of the exam, students will have the chance to pick ether one of the following 3 options: A. FULL PROGRAM: the exam will cover both parts of the course, that is part 1 (Thermal Part) and Part 2 (Lighting + Acoustics), thus covering all the 10 credits of the course B. THERMAL PART: the exam will cover only part 1 of the course (Thermal Part), thus covering 6 partial credits of the course C. LIGHTING + ACOUSTICS: the exam will cover only part 2 of the course (Lighting + Acoustics), thus covering 4 partial credits of the course For each session of the exam, students will have the chance to pick ether one of the following 3 options: Each exam type will consist of a 2-step verification: 1. T/F TEST: the first part of the exam will consist of a true/false test. This part will be managed either onsite (real classrooms) or through the EXAM platform with the support of the RESPONDUS proctoring system The following number of questions is scheduled: - Part A (Full Program): 60 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 50 minutes - Part B (Thermal Part): 30 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 25 minutes - Part C (Lighting + Acoustics): 30 T/F questions. The allocated time will be 25 minutes 2. EXERCISES: the second part of the exam will consist of a number of exercises to be solved analytically. This part will be managed either onsite (real classrooms) or through a number of Virtual Classroom through the Politecnico BBB platform (Big Blue Button). The following number of exercises is scheduled: - Part A (Full Program): 5 exercises. The allocated time will be 5 hours - Part B (Thermal Part): 3 exercises. The allocated time will be 3 hours - Part C (Lighting + Acoustics): 2 exercises. The allocated time will be 2 hours


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