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Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

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A.A. 2018/19

2018/19

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

PERIOD: NOVEMBER - MARCH The course aims to deepen the themes addressed by PhDs in Architectural and Landscape Heritage and Architecture. History and Project in the years 2016/17 and 2017/18 proposing new points of view and widening the geo-political area of reference. The theme of eclectic architecture, in the ethnically and culturally heterogeneous context of the Habsburg Empire, assumes - precisely for this reason - connotations and variations that are much more sophisticated and complex than in other European areas. If the Neo-Baroque is frequently taken as an explicit code of imperial power, recalling Austria Felix from the time of Maria Theresa, acting as a "glue" in representative terms in an area that sees nationalist centrifugal forces, even the very efficient operation of the architects Fellner & Helmer contributes to the creation of a uniform armor in the empire: dozens and dozens of theaters, all very similar, flood the countries that make up the imperial mosaic, declining out an eclectic vocabulary corroborated by openings to the Secession and Neo-Rococo interiors, from Austria to Hungary, from Bohemia to Bucovina. In the opposite direction, however, are the thrusts of the different countries that carry out "national" experiments in the Expositions, where the pavilions bring out specific characters: in this sense the Hungarian pavilions should be read at national and international exhibitions, based on the history of homeland architecture (as well as the Croatian and Bosnian ones in 1896 in Budapest, in a strongly eclectic context), or the "national houses" of Czernowitz, in Bucovina. In the context established by wide-ranging studies, such as those by Akos Moravansky (Competing Visions, 1998), Anthony Alofsin (When Building Speaks, 2006), Jean-Yves Andrieux, Fabienne Chevallier, Anja Kervanto Nevanlinna (Idée Nationale et Architecture en Europe 1860 -1919, 2006) for the whole area, and from those of József Sisa for Hungary (Hungarian art in the 19th century, Architecture and Decorative Arts, 2013), recent studies - fruit of the guests invited to the course - they analyze these aspects in the balance between imperial capitals and regional centers, focusing the theme of the Museum between Budapest and Kolozsvar, theaters in the territory of the empire, the Hungarian pavilions at national and international exhibitions, the eclecticism in regional capitals in areas with partial autonomy like Croatia and Galicia. A balance between the image of the Empire and the local image that in certain cases, as in the Hungarian one, is dramatically unbalanced when - at the end of the century - the Hungarian drives are appropriated by the Secession, declined in hyper-characterized forms and inventing an architectural neo-tongue national, radically abandoning Eclecticism.

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

PERIOD: NOVEMBER - MARCH The course aims to deepen the themes addressed by PhDs in Architectural and Landscape Heritage and Architecture. History and Project in the years 2016/17 and 2017/18 proposing new points of view and widening the geo-political area of reference. The theme of eclectic architecture, in the ethnically and culturally heterogeneous context of the Habsburg Empire, assumes - precisely for this reason - connotations and variations that are much more sophisticated and complex than in other European areas. If the Neo-Baroque is frequently taken as an explicit code of imperial power, recalling Austria Felix from the time of Maria Theresa, acting as a "glue" in representative terms in an area that sees nationalist centrifugal forces, even the very efficient operation of the architects Fellner & Helmer contributes to the creation of a uniform armor in the empire: dozens and dozens of theaters, all very similar, flood the countries that make up the imperial mosaic, declining out an eclectic vocabulary corroborated by openings to the Secession and Neo-Rococo interiors, from Austria to Hungary, from Bohemia to Bucovina. In the opposite direction, however, are the thrusts of the different countries that carry out "national" experiments in the Expositions, where the pavilions bring out specific characters: in this sense the Hungarian pavilions should be read at national and international exhibitions, based on the history of homeland architecture (as well as the Croatian and Bosnian ones in 1896 in Budapest, in a strongly eclectic context), or the "national houses" of Czernowitz, in Bucovina. In the context established by wide-ranging studies, such as those by Akos Moravansky (Competing Visions, 1998), Anthony Alofsin (When Building Speaks, 2006), Jean-Yves Andrieux, Fabienne Chevallier, Anja Kervanto Nevanlinna (Idée Nationale et Architecture en Europe 1860 -1919, 2006) for the whole area, and from those of József Sisa for Hungary (Hungarian art in the 19th century, Architecture and Decorative Arts, 2013), recent studies - fruit of the guests invited to the course - they analyze these aspects in the balance between imperial capitals and regional centers, focusing the theme of the Museum between Budapest and Kolozsvar, theaters in the territory of the empire, the Hungarian pavilions at national and international exhibitions, the eclecticism in regional capitals in areas with partial autonomy like Croatia and Galicia. A balance between the image of the Empire and the local image that in certain cases, as in the Hungarian one, is dramatically unbalanced when - at the end of the century - the Hungarian drives are appropriated by the Secession, declined in hyper-characterized forms and inventing an architectural neo-tongue national, radically abandoning Eclecticism.

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

1. 19 novembre/november 2018, 14.30 «I teatri eclettici in serie di Fellner & Helmer: la cultura diffusa nell’Impero Austro-Ungarico»: Zsuzsanna Ordasi (Károli Gáspár University of the Hungarian Reformed Church, Budapest) 2. 22 gennaio/January 2019, 14.30 «Le cittŕ minori dell’Impero. Un punto di vista storico», (The minor cities in the Empire. A historical point of view), Catherine Horel (Université Paris 1, Sorbonne) 3. 18 febbraio/February 14.30 «Museum, Nation and Industry between Capital and Periphery»: Miklós Székely (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Art History Institute, Humanities Research Center) 4. 19 febbraio/February 10.00 «The mirror of the Nation: Hungarian Pavilions»: Miklós Székely (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Art History Institute, Humanities Research Center) 5. 14 marzo/March 2018, 14.30 «At the Periphery of the Austro-Hungarian Empire - Eclecticism in Zagreb Architecture»: Dragan Damjanovic (University of Zagreb, Humanities, Art History Department) 6. 15 marzo/March 2018, 10.00 «Eclecticism in Lviv, Galicia: local, national or cosmopolitan? »: Aleksander Lupienko (Polish Academy of Sciences, Tadeusz Manteuffel History Institute) 7. Conclusioni – data da concordarsi con gli studenti / to be discussed with students

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

1. 19 novembre/november 2018, 14.30 «I teatri eclettici in serie di Fellner & Helmer: la cultura diffusa nell’Impero Austro-Ungarico»: Zsuzsanna Ordasi (Károli Gáspár University of the Hungarian Reformed Church, Budapest) 2. 22 gennaio/January 2019, 14.30 «Le cittŕ minori dell’Impero. Un punto di vista storico», (The minor cities in the Empire. A historical point of view), Catherine Horel (Université Paris 1, Sorbonne) 3. 18 febbraio/February 14.30 «Museum, Nation and Industry between Capital and Periphery»: Miklós Székely (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Art History Institute, Humanities Research Center) 4. 19 febbraio/February 10.00 «The mirror of the Nation: Hungarian Pavilions»: Miklós Székely (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Art History Institute, Humanities Research Center) 5. 14 marzo/March 2018, 14.30 «At the Periphery of the Austro-Hungarian Empire - Eclecticism in Zagreb Architecture»: Dragan Damjanovic (University of Zagreb, Humanities, Art History Department) 6. 15 marzo/March 2018, 10.00 «Eclecticism in Lviv, Galicia: local, national or cosmopolitan? »: Aleksander Lupienko (Polish Academy of Sciences, Tadeusz Manteuffel History Institute) 7. Conclusioni – data da concordarsi con gli studenti / to be discussed with students

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Modalitŕ di esame:

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)

Exam:

Among Eclecticism, Empire and Nations. National self-representation, cities and architecture in Hapsburg area (1867-1918) (didattica di eccellenza)



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