Servizi per la didattica
PORTALE DELLA DIDATTICA
Set-Cookie: language=it; path=/; domain=.polito.it;

Wind and ocean energy plants

01TVKND

A.A. 2020/21

Course Language

Inglese

Course degree

Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Energy And Nuclear Engineering - Torino

Course structure
Teaching Hours
Lezioni 34.5
Esercitazioni in aula 6
Esercitazioni in laboratorio 19.5
Tutoraggio 15
Teachers
Teacher Status SSD h.Les h.Ex h.Lab h.Tut Years teaching
Bracco Giovanni   Ricercatore a tempo det. L.240/10 art.24-B ING-IND/13 25.5 0 7.5 0 1
Teaching assistant
Espandi

Context
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ING-IND/13
ING-IND/33
5
1
C - Affini o integrative
C - Affini o integrative
Attività formative affini o integrative
Attività formative affini o integrative
2020/21
The course presents Onshore and Offshore Wind Energy plants together with Wave and Tidal Energy plants, starting from their operating principles up to the electric connection to the grid. The Goals of the course include: the knowledge of the wind, wave and tidal resource, the methods to correctly design the main plant components, evaluation of the energy production with economic analysis of investment. Since Ocean Energy Plants are a recent technology, also the R&D development path from concept to market will be addressed.
The course presents Onshore and Offshore Wind Energy plants together with Wave and Tidal Energy plants, starting from their operating principles up to the electric connection to the grid. The Goals of the course include: the knowledge of the wind, wave and tidal resource, the methods to correctly design the main plant components, evaluation of the energy production with economic analysis of investment. Since Ocean Energy Plants are a recent technology, also the R&D development path from concept to market will be addressed.
Knowledge of the main technologies about the Wind and Ocean Energy generators and plants. Knowledge of the state of the art and perspective in the market of Wind and Ocean Energy Plants. Knowledge of the path and the guidelines to develop an idea from a concept to a full scale demonstrator in the Sea. Ability to calculate productivity, efficiency and the main technoeconomic indexes of a Wind and Ocean power systems. Ability to correctly design and size the main components of the plants given specific requirements.
Knowledge of the main technologies about the Wind and Ocean Energy generators and plants. Knowledge of the state of the art and perspective in the market of Wind and Ocean Energy Plants. Knowledge of the path and the guidelines to develop an idea from a concept to a full scale demonstrator in the Sea. Ability to calculate productivity, efficiency and the main technoeconomic indexes of a Wind and Ocean power systems. Ability to correctly design and size the main components of the plants given specific requirements.
Basic knowledge about Applied Mechanics and Electric Circuit Theory (electrical circuit analysis).
Basic knowledge about Applied Mechanics and Electric Circuit Theory (electrical circuit analysis).
Lectures (about 40 h) Wind energy: Resource characterization, global and local availability. Wind generation, measurement of speed, space and time distribution, gusts. Evaluation of wind potential, Betz theory. Wind turbine: Historical evolution, Horizontal axis and vertical axis layouts. Bladeless wind energy systems. Turbine main components and subsystems. Betz Theory. Blades and turbine aerodynamics characterization, coefficient of lift and coefficient of thrust, stall conditions, basics of aeroelasticity, flutter. Mechanical limitations, static and fatigue loads. Mathematical modeling and experiments. Generator control, tip speed ratio control, speed and torque limitation, power shedding. Turbine wake, Wind farm layout. Electrical systems: structure and operation of synchronous and induction (asynchronous) machines, equivalent circuit and integration in the variable speed drives by power electronics, a solution for variable speed wind turbines: the doubly-fed induction generator. Ideal calculation of energy production for a single wind turbine by the manufacturer power curve, issues affecting the real energy production: wake and park effects, failure rate and reliability, deviations from the manufacturer power curve, power losses consequent to grid connection and curtailment. Offshore Wind Energy: global energy potential, state of the art and perspectives of the market. Bottom fixed wind farms, architecture and components. Deployment, service and decommissioning. Floating wind energy systems, floaters architectures (spar, semisubmersible and tension leg platforms), mooring layout and electric connection. Ocean Energy: Mechanics of waves, Airy’s linear wave theory, dispersion relationship, deep-intermediate-shallow water theory, wave power density. Wave Resource characterization, surface elevation time series and frequency spectrum. Most common wave spectra (Bretschneider, Pierson-Moskovits, Jonswap), directionality, groupiness. Wave buoys, wave gauges, satellite measurement of waves. Global wave atlas. Basic of hydrodynamics, ship stability and Cummins equation. Wave Energy Converter (WEC) working principle, technology classification. Power Take Off (PTO) electric and hydraulic systems, PTO control techniques. Wave farm layout, hydrodynamic interaction. Evaluation of WEC/wave farm power output, economical feasibility, LCOE (Levelized Cost Of Energy). Focus on most relevant technologies, case study on ISWEC (inertial Sea Wave Energy Converter). WEC development path, TRL scale, guidelines and procedures. State of the art of R&D activities on Wave Energy, market status and future developments. Tidal Energy: Mechanics of tides, resource characterization, tidal range and tidal streams resource. Tidal Energy Converters (TEC), layout and principle of working. Focus on state of the art plants and technologies, deployment and maintenance. Energy output definition and cost of energy. Osmotic power (salinity gradient) and OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion): basic principles, potential, current R&D activities, perspectives. Ocean Energy multisource generations, synergies and energy storage implications. Basics of environmental impact analysis and LCA of Wind and Ocean Energy plants. Basics of Ocean Economy and Processes, Aquaculture, Microplastic debris.
Lectures (about 40 h) Wind energy: Resource characterization, global and local availability. Wind generation, measurement of speed, space and time distribution, gusts. Evaluation of wind potential, Betz theory. Wind turbine: Historical evolution, Horizontal axis and vertical axis layouts. Bladeless wind energy systems. Turbine main components and subsystems. Betz Theory. Blades and turbine aerodynamics characterization, coefficient of lift and coefficient of thrust, stall conditions, basics of aeroelasticity, flutter. Mechanical limitations, static and fatigue loads. Mathematical modeling and experiments. Generator control, tip speed ratio control, speed and torque limitation, power shedding. Turbine wake, Wind farm layout. Electrical systems: structure and operation of synchronous and induction (asynchronous) machines, equivalent circuit and integration in the variable speed drives by power electronics, a solution for variable speed wind turbines: the doubly-fed induction generator. Ideal calculation of energy production for a single wind turbine by the manufacturer power curve, issues affecting the real energy production: wake and park effects, failure rate and reliability, deviations from the manufacturer power curve, power losses consequent to grid connection and curtailment. Offshore Wind Energy: global energy potential, state of the art and perspectives of the market. Bottom fixed wind farms, architecture and components. Deployment, service and decommissioning. Floating wind energy systems, floaters architectures (spar, semisubmersible and tension leg platforms), mooring layout and electric connection. Ocean Energy: Mechanics of waves, Airy’s linear wave theory, dispersion relationship, deep-intermediate-shallow water theory, wave power density. Wave Resource characterization, surface elevation time series and frequency spectrum. Most common wave spectra (Bretschneider, Pierson-Moskovits, Jonswap), directionality, groupiness. Wave buoys, wave gauges, satellite measurement of waves. Global wave atlas. Basic of hydrodynamics, ship stability and Cummins equation. Wave Energy Converter (WEC) working principle, technology classification. Power Take Off (PTO) electric and hydraulic systems, PTO control techniques. Wave farm layout, hydrodynamic interaction. Evaluation of WEC/wave farm power output, economical feasibility, LCOE (Levelized Cost Of Energy). Focus on most relevant technologies, case study on ISWEC (inertial Sea Wave Energy Converter). WEC development path, TRL scale, guidelines and procedures. State of the art of R&D activities on Wave Energy, market status and future developments. Tidal Energy: Mechanics of tides, resource characterization, tidal range and tidal streams resource. Tidal Energy Converters (TEC), layout and principle of working. Focus on state of the art plants and technologies, deployment and maintenance. Energy output definition and cost of energy. Osmotic power (salinity gradient) and OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion): basic principles, potential, current R&D activities, perspectives. Ocean Energy multisource generations, synergies and energy storage implications. Basics of environmental impact analysis and LCA of Wind and Ocean Energy plants. Basics of Ocean Economy and Processes, Aquaculture, Microplastic debris.
The course is organized with 34.5 h of lectures (topics above), 15 h of exercises and laboratories and 10.5 h of collaborative project. The exercises will regard: 1. Basics of Signal Processing, Fourier Transform, Matlab implementation 2. Elaboration of Wave and Wind data from free databases, evaluation of resource potential, extreme events. 3. Simulation of a Wind Turbine and farm, assessment of power production and farm layout. 4. Simulation of a Wave Energy Converter, PTO and control 5. Electric side simulation: Usage of equivalent circuits for synchronous and induction machines to calculate powers and efficiencies, simulation of power profiles injected into the grid and energy balances, calculation of power losses inside distribution transformers and lines.
The course is organized with 34.5 h of lectures (topics above), 15 h of exercises and laboratories and 10.5 h of collaborative project. The exercises will regard: 1. Basics of Signal Processing, Fourier Transform, Matlab implementation 2. Elaboration of Wave and Wind data from free databases, evaluation of resource potential, extreme events. 3. Simulation of a Wind Turbine and farm, assessment of power production and farm layout. 4. Simulation of a Wave Energy Converter, PTO and control 5. Electric side simulation: Usage of equivalent circuits for synchronous and induction machines to calculate powers and efficiencies, simulation of power profiles injected into the grid and energy balances, calculation of power losses inside distribution transformers and lines.
Teaching documents (handouts and slides of the lectures) on the POLITO portal of the course. Free open textbooks:  J.F. Manwell, J.G. McGowan, A.L. Rogers, Wind Energy Explained – Theory, Design and Application, Second Edition, Wiley, 2009. http://ee.tlu.edu.vn/Portals/0/2018/NLG/Sach_Tieng_Anh.pdf  Martin O. L. Hansen, Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines, Second Edition, EarthScan, 2008. https://www.academia.edu/794883/Aerodynamics_of_Wind_Turbines  Matt Folley, Numerical Modelling of Wave Energy Converters - State-of-the-Art Techniques for Single Devices and Arrays, Elsevier (Accessible from Polito network), 2016. https://www.sciencedirect.com/book/9780128032107/numerical-modelling-of-wave-energy-converters  Arthur Pecher, Jens Peter Kofoed, Handbook of Ocean Wave Energy, SpringerOpen, 2017. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-39889-1
Teaching documents (handouts and slides of the lectures) on the POLITO portal of the course. Free open textbooks: - J.F. Manwell, J.G. McGowan, A.L. Rogers, Wind Energy Explained – Theory, Design and Application, Second Edition, Wiley, 2009. http://ee.tlu.edu.vn/Portals/0/2018/NLG/Sach_Tieng_Anh.pdf - Martin O. L. Hansen, Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines, Second Edition, EarthScan, 2008. https://www.academia.edu/794883/Aerodynamics_of_Wind_Turbines - Matt Folley, Numerical Modelling of Wave Energy Converters - State-of-the-Art Techniques for Single Devices and Arrays, Elsevier (Accessible from Polito network), 2016. https://www.sciencedirect.com/book/9780128032107/numerical-modelling-of-wave-energy-converters - Arthur Pecher, Jens Peter Kofoed, Handbook of Ocean Wave Energy, SpringerOpen, 2017. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-39889-1
Modalità di esame: Elaborato scritto prodotto in gruppo; Prova scritta a risposta aperta o chiusa tramite PC con l'utilizzo della piattaforma di ateneo Exam integrata con strumenti di proctoring (Respondus);
Exam on Respondus (2h duration, 28 points) + Report on collaborative project (mandatory, 4 points) Total mark 32 (a grade >30 corresponds to 30 cum laude). The exam on Respondus is passed if a score higher than 60% (17 points) is achieved. The exam on Respondus is composed both of theory questions and numerical exercises. During the exam on Respondus it is possible to use a pocket electronic calculator, but it is not permitted to use handouts, books or notes. The exam assesses the knowledge of the course topics and the achievement of the expected learning outcomes by answering theoretical questions and solving problems related to the program.
Exam: Group essay; Computer-based written test with open-ended questions or multiple-choice questions using the Exam platform and proctoring tools (Respondus);
Exam on Respondus (2h duration, 28 points) + Report on collaborative project (mandatory, 4 points) Total mark 32 (a grade >30 corresponds to 30 cum laude). The exam on Respondus is passed if a score higher than 60% (17 points) is achieved. The exam on Respondus is composed both of theory questions and numerical exercises. During the exam on Respondus it is possible to use a pocket electronic calculator, but it is not permitted to use handouts, books or notes. The exam assesses the knowledge of the course topics and the achievement of the expected learning outcomes by answering theoretical questions and solving problems related to the program.
Modalità di esame: Prova scritta (in aula); Elaborato scritto prodotto in gruppo; Prova scritta a risposta aperta o chiusa tramite PC con l'utilizzo della piattaforma di ateneo Exam integrata con strumenti di proctoring (Respondus);
Written Exam / Exam on Respondus (2h duration, 28 points) + Report on collaborative project (mandatory, 4 points) Total mark 32 (a grade >30 corresponds to 30 cum laude). The Written Exam / Exam on Respondus is passed if a score higher than 60% (17 points) is achieved. The Written Exam / Exam on Respondus is composed both of theory questions and numerical exercises. During the Written Exam / Exam on Respondus it is possible to use a pocket electronic calculator, but it is not permitted to use handouts, books or notes. The exam assesses the knowledge of the course topics and the achievement of the expected learning outcomes by answering theoretical questions and solving problems related to the program.
Exam: Written test; Group essay; Computer-based written test with open-ended questions or multiple-choice questions using the Exam platform and proctoring tools (Respondus);
Written Exam / Exam on Respondus (2h duration, 28 points) + Report on collaborative project (mandatory, 4 points) Total mark 32 (a grade >30 corresponds to 30 cum laude). The Written Exam / Exam on Respondus is passed if a score higher than 60% (17 points) is achieved. The Written Exam / Exam on Respondus is composed both of theory questions and numerical exercises. During the Written Exam / Exam on Respondus it is possible to use a pocket electronic calculator, but it is not permitted to use handouts, books or notes. The exam assesses the knowledge of the course topics and the achievement of the expected learning outcomes by answering theoretical questions and solving problems related to the program.


© Politecnico di Torino
Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24 - 10129 Torino, ITALY
m@il