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PORTALE DELLA DIDATTICA

Decision making and optimization

01TXCSM

A.A. 2019/20

Course Language

English

Course degree

Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Data Science And Engineering - Torino

Borrow

03TXCOV

Course structure
Teaching Hours
Lezioni 70
Esercitazioni in aula 10
Teachers
Teacher Status SSD h.Les h.Ex h.Lab h.Tut Years teaching
Tadei Roberto Professore Ordinario MAT/09 70 0 0 0 1
Teaching assistant
Espandi

Context
SSD CFU Activities Area context
MAT/09 8 C - Affini o integrative Attività formative affini o integrative
2019/20
The aim of the course is to provide students with theoretical and operational tools for modeling and solving decision making and optimization problems in data science and engineering. Those tools are powerful mathematical methods (models, algorithms, and software) to solve complex problems involving the minimization (or maximization) of objective functions, subject to given constraints. Starting from real-life optimization problems in data science and engineering, methods and algorithms for solving them will be studied. Particular attention will be paid to the computational complexity of the problems and the required solution methods.
The aim of the course is to provide students with theoretical and operational tools for modeling and solving decision making and optimization problems in data science and engineering. Those tools are powerful mathematical methods (models, algorithms, and software) to solve complex problems involving the minimization (or maximization) of objective functions, subject to given constraints. Starting from real-life optimization problems in data science and engineering, methods and algorithms for solving them will be studied. Particular attention will be paid to the computational complexity of the problems and the required solution methods.
Expected knowledge: Students will study methods and algorithms for solving constrained optimization problems. They will learn how to use existing linear continuous, linear integer and nonlinear solution methods and develop new ones. Particular attention will be given to optimization on graphs and networks. The computational complexity of optimization problems, which affects the choice of suitable solution algorithms, will be studied. The considered solution methods are both exact (Branch and Bound, Cutting Planes, Dynamic Programming) and approximated (heuristics and metaheuristics: tabu search, simulated annealing, genetic algorithms and other). Expected skills: Skills developed by students will consist of the construction of a problem solving mentality. This mentality will be based on mathematical models and related algorithms to solve decision making and optimization problems in data science and engineering.
Expected knowledge: Students will study methods and algorithms for solving constrained optimization problems. They will learn how to use existing linear continuous, linear integer and nonlinear solution methods and develop new ones. Particular attention will be given to optimization on graphs and networks. The computational complexity of optimization problems, which affects the choice of suitable solution algorithms, will be studied. The considered solution methods are both exact (Branch and Bound, Cutting Planes, Dynamic Programming) and approximated (heuristics and metaheuristics: tabu search, simulated annealing, genetic algorithms and other). Expected skills: Skills developed by students will consist of the construction of a problem solving mentality. This mentality will be based on mathematical models and related algorithms to solve decision making and optimization problems in data science and engineering.
Prerequisites - Students must know at least one of the following programming languages: C, C++, Java, R, and Python.
Prerequisites - Students must know at least one of the following programming languages: C, C++, Java, R, and Python.
1. Linear programming: modeling techniques, basic concepts of the Simplex method and duality (10% of the course). 2. Computational complexity: problem classes P, NP, NP-complete, and CoNP-complete (5% of the course). 3. Exact optimization methods: Branch and Bound, Cutting Planes, and Dynamic Programming (20% of the course). 4. Heuristic optimization methods: greedy algorithms, GRASP, Beam Search, meta-heuristics (Tabu Search, Simulated Annealing, Genetic Algorithms, ACO, VNS, RBS), and math-heuristics (30% of the course). 5. Network flow problems: min cost flow and max flow (5% of the course). 6. Decision making under uncertainty: Stochastic Programming with recourse, Measures for Stochastic Programming, Progressive Hedging method (10% of the course). 7. Nonlinear Programming: theoretical conditions for unconstrained and constrained optimization, algorithms for unconstrained and constrained optimization (20%).
1. Linear programming: modeling techniques, basic concepts of the Simplex method and duality (10% of the course). 2. Computational complexity: problem classes P, NP, NP-complete, and CoNP-complete (5% of the course). 3. Exact optimization methods: Branch and Bound, Cutting Planes, and Dynamic Programming (20% of the course). 4. Heuristic optimization methods: greedy algorithms, GRASP, Beam Search, meta-heuristics (Tabu Search, Simulated Annealing, Genetic Algorithms, ACO, VNS, RBS), and math-heuristics (30% of the course). 5. Network flow problems: min cost flow and max flow (5% of the course). 6. Decision making under uncertainty: Stochastic Programming with recourse, Measures for Stochastic Programming, Progressive Hedging method (10% of the course). 7. Nonlinear Programming: theoretical conditions for unconstrained and constrained optimization, algorithms for unconstrained and constrained optimization (20%).
The course integrates hours of teaching and hours of practice, to the extent of about 60% and 40% of the course, respectively. Practice is carried out in the classroom and follows the lecture topics. In the laboratory LADISPE http://www.ladispe.polito.it/ up-to-date optimization solvers to solve real-size problems are available to the students. Instructions for their use will be provided in the classroom. Students are requested to form groups and prepare an assignment during the course. The assignment consists of developing a heuristic and related software for solving a given real-life optimization problem. The assignment results will be presented by each group to the whole class at the end of the course. Student who belong to the same group may work together using long distance communication tools (i.e. Skype, email etc.), so that also working or non-attending students can prepare the assignment. Moreover, it is not necessary that the final presentation of the assignment results is given by the whole group (at least half of the group is enough).
The course integrates hours of teaching and hours of practice, to the extent of about 60% and 40% of the course, respectively. Practice is carried out in the classroom and follows the lecture topics. In the laboratory LADISPE http://www.ladispe.polito.it/ up-to-date optimization solvers to solve real-size problems are available to the students. Instructions for their use will be provided in the classroom. Students are requested to form groups and prepare an assignment during the course. The assignment consists of developing a heuristic and related software for solving a given real-life optimization problem. The assignment results will be presented by each group to the whole class at the end of the course. Student who belong to the same group may work together using long distance communication tools (i.e. Skype, email etc.), so that also working or non-attending students can prepare the assignment. Moreover, it is not necessary that the final presentation of the assignment results is given by the whole group (at least half of the group is enough).
R. Tadei, F. Della Croce, A. Grosso, Fondamenti di Ottimizzazione, Progetto Leonardo, Editrice Esculapio, Bologna, 2005. R. Tadei, F. Della Croce, Elementi di Ricerca Operativa, Progetto Leonardo, Editrice Esculapio, Bologna, 2010. M. Ghirardi, A. Grosso, G. Perboli, Esercizi Svolti di Ricerca Operativa, Progetto Leonardo, Editrice Esculapio, Bologna, 2009. R.K. Ahuja et al., Network Flows, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1993. J.R. Birge, F. Louveaux, Introduction to Stochastic Programming, Springer, 2011. D. J. Luenberger, Linear and Nonlinear Programming, Springer, 3rd ed., 2008. G.L. Nemhauser, L.A. Wolsey, Integer and Combinatorial Optimization, Wiley, 1988. A. Ruszcynski, Nonlinear Optimization, Princeton Univeristy Press, 2006. Other learning material and examples of previous exams will be available on the course website.
R. Tadei, F. Della Croce, A. Grosso, Fondamenti di Ottimizzazione, Progetto Leonardo, Editrice Esculapio, Bologna, 2005. R. Tadei, F. Della Croce, Elementi di Ricerca Operativa, Progetto Leonardo, Editrice Esculapio, Bologna, 2010. M. Ghirardi, A. Grosso, G. Perboli, Esercizi Svolti di Ricerca Operativa, Progetto Leonardo, Editrice Esculapio, Bologna, 2009. R.K. Ahuja et al., Network Flows, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1993. J.R. Birge, F. Louveaux, Introduction to Stochastic Programming, Springer, 2011. D. J. Luenberger, Linear and Nonlinear Programming, Springer, 3rd ed., 2008. G.L. Nemhauser, L.A. Wolsey, Integer and Combinatorial Optimization, Wiley, 1988. A. Ruszcynski, Nonlinear Optimization, Princeton Univeristy Press, 2006. Other learning material and examples of previous exams will be available on the course website.
Modalità di esame: prova scritta;
The assessment is composed of two parts: the written test (2/3 of the final grade, i.e. up to 20/30) and the assignment (1/3 of the final grade, i.e. up to 10/30). The assignment consists of developing a heuristic and related software (in C, C++, or preferably in Java or Python) to solve a given real-life optimization problem. It will be developed by students subdivided into groups. The assignment will start the second week of the course. The results of the assignment will be presented by each group to the entire class and evaluated at the end of the course. The outcome of the assignment will be communicated within the date of the first exam call. A scale of 0 to 10 points will be used for the evaluation of the assignment. An assignment bonus is foreseen for the best groups. The validity of the assignment evaluation lasts for the current academic year. For the written test, the students will be asked, in writing, 3 theoretical and practical questions concerning specific topics of the whole program. The first question will consist of the construction of a mathematical model related to a given optimization problem. The candidate's level of preparation will be assessed in terms of achieving the following objectives (consistently with the expected learning outcomes): - knowledge of the optimization modeling techniques; - capacity to derive the main optimization algorithms. The written test has a duration of 1.5 hours. During the written test it will not be possible to consult texts, lecture notes, and forms. Furthermore, multimedia devices with access to the web (for example, smartphones, smartwatches, and tablets) are not allowed in the classroom. The outcome of the written test will be communicated to the students through a notice on the teaching portal. Students can view their written test and its assessment during a general meeting. The date of this meeting will be communicated to the students through a notice on the teaching portal in conjunction with the publication of the results of the written test. A scale of 0 to 22 points will be used for the evaluation of the written test. The exam is passed if the sum of the grade of the written test and the assignment is greater than or equal to 18/30. The honors will be awarded if that sum is 32/30.
Exam: written test;
The assessment is composed of two parts: the written test (2/3 of the final grade, i.e. up to 20/30) and the assignment (1/3 of the final grade, i.e. up to 10/30). The assignment consists of developing a heuristic and related software (in C, C++, or preferably in Java or Python) to solve a given real-life optimization problem. It will be developed by students subdivided into groups. The assignment will start the second week of the course. The results of the assignment will be presented by each group to the entire class and evaluated at the end of the course. The outcome of the assignment will be communicated within the date of the first exam call. A scale of 0 to 10 points will be used for the evaluation of the assignment. An assignment bonus is foreseen for the best groups. The validity of the assignment evaluation lasts for the current academic year. For the written test, the students will be asked, in writing, 3 theoretical and practical questions concerning specific topics of the whole program. The first question will consist of the construction of a mathematical model related to a given optimization problem. The candidate's level of preparation will be assessed in terms of achieving the following objectives (consistently with the expected learning outcomes): - knowledge of the optimization modeling techniques; - capacity to derive the main optimization algorithms. The written test has a duration of 1.5 hours. During the written test it will not be possible to consult texts, lecture notes, and forms. Furthermore, multimedia devices with access to the web (for example, smartphones, smartwatches, and tablets) are not allowed in the classroom. The outcome of the written test will be communicated to the students through a notice on the teaching portal. Students can view their written test and its assessment during a general meeting. The date of this meeting will be communicated to the students through a notice on the teaching portal in conjunction with the publication of the results of the written test. A scale of 0 to 22 points will be used for the evaluation of the written test. The exam is passed if the sum of the grade of the written test and the assignment is greater than or equal to 18/30. The honors will be awarded if that sum is 32/30.


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