Servizi per la didattica
PORTALE DELLA DIDATTICA

Urban sociology and cultural heritage legislation

01UWNPV

A.A. 2020/21

Course Language

Inglese

Course degree

Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Architettura Per Il Restauro E Valorizzazione Del Patrimonio - Torino

Course structure
Teaching Hours
Lezioni 60
Teachers
Teacher Status SSD h.Les h.Ex h.Lab h.Tut Years teaching
Ciaffi Daniela Professore Associato SPS/10 40 0 0 0 1
Teaching assistant
Espandi

Context
SSD CFU Activities Area context
IUS/10
SPS/10
2
4
B - Caratterizzanti
B - Caratterizzanti
Discipline economiche, sociali, giuridiche per l'architettura e l'urbanistica
Discipline economiche, sociali, giuridiche per l'architettura e l'urbanistica
2020/21
The course of Urban Sociology aims to provide some theoretical and analytical tools on the themes that have characterized the discipline during the twentieth century up to the present day. In particular, the topics covered will concern complex concepts such as territory, space and place, local development and community, social capital and cultural heritage, participation and common goods. The aim is the understanding of a territorial context starting from its observation and the voice of those who inhabit it, use it or represent it in its various ways and how this work of analysis has a significant impact on a design activity. The teaching of Legislation of Cultural Heritage offers future professionals of the territory and the environment a systematic basis of reference for orientation within the legal and institutional framework of the government of the territory and, in particular, the legislation of cultural heritage and landscape. The course aims to present and comment on the main legal institutions for the protection and enhancement of cultural heritage and landscape that are of educational and operational interest for students of Architecture courses, in the light of the complex institutional dynamics of relations between State, Regions and local authorities in this field.
The course of Urban Sociology aims to provide some theoretical and analytical tools on the themes that have characterized the discipline during the twentieth century up to the present day. The vocational goal of the course is to learn how to set up a collaborative process by which local actors could be able to take care of tangible and intangible cultural heritage. Social innovation is primarily intended as an innovation of the administrative law in support of local communities active to take care of cultural heritage in the perspective of the general interest. In particular, the topics covered will concern complex concepts such as territory, space and place, local development, participative and contributive democracy, community action and cultural heritage, common goods, shared administration and horizontal subsidiarity. The aim is the understanding of a territorial context starting from its observation and the voice of public and private subjects, associations and individuals. Such consultations have a significant impact on local regeneration policy design activities. The teaching of Legislation of Cultural Heritage offers future professionals of the territory and the environment a systematic basis of reference for orientation within the legal and institutional framework of the government of the territory and, in particular, the legislation of cultural heritage and landscape. The course aims to present and comment on the main legal institutions for the protection and enhancement of cultural heritage and landscape that are of educational and operational interest for students of Architecture courses, in the light of the complex institutional dynamics of relations in this field among State, Regions,local authorities on one side and formal and informal groups of active citizenship on the other side.
Urban Sociology The student is expected to acquire mainly: 1) An analytical thinking about the main social phenomena inherent in urban areas; 2) A basic knowledge of some tools and techniques of the social sciences; 3) The ability to apply the concepts, categories and methods learned to an urban project case study. Legislation of Cultural Heritage 1) Basic knowledge of the constitutional principles concerning the relations between the State, Regions and local authorities in the field of territorial governance; 2) Basic knowledge of the constitutional principles.
Urban Sociology The student is expected to acquire mainly: 1) An analytical thinking about the main social phenomena inherent in urban areas; 2) A basic knowledge of some tools and techniques of the social sciences; 3) The ability to apply the concepts, categories and methods of action-research learned to an urban project case study. Legislation of Cultural Heritage 1) Basic knowledge of the constitutional principles concerning the relations between the State, Regions and local authorities in the field of territorial governance; 2) Basic knowledge of the constitutional principles and innovative local tools.
No special requirements are asked. However, it is considered that a good knowledge of contemporary history, the institutional system and philosophy (and, in general, social sciences and territory) is helpful for a better understanding of the course topics.
No special requirements are asked. However, it is considered that a good knowledge of contemporary history, the institutional system and social sciences is helpful for a better understanding of the course topics.
Urban Sociology Module The urban sociology module includes a first theoretical part, a second methodological part and a third applicative part. The theoretical themes dealt with aim to provide a basic knowledge of the discipline starting from the authors whose works are fundamental to understand the object "city". Through a short excursus that also covers the beginnings of the discipline, the contribution of the theory will focus on the post-modern period and on themes that will have a connection with the applicative part of the course. In this regard, the practices (and models) of active citizenship participation and the debate on common goods (commons) will be at the centre of interest in order to elaborate the exercise foreseen in the last part of the course. The methodological part aims to provide a basic knowledge of the main techniques of social sciences, in particular qualitative techniques, whose learning will be aimed at the drafting of the final report. The application part foresees a field work - concerning a case study of your choice - which includes the application of a qualitative technique and the consequent elaboration of a project concerning common goods. Cultural Heritage legislation module The module aims to provide some essential tools, also of a methodological nature, for the knowledge of the current system in the field of cultural heritage, with reference to both the functions and administrative powers for the protection and enhancement of these assets, as well as the procedures that affect their interventions and circulation. The expected results of the teaching are knowledge of the fundamental institutions of the cultural heritage system and the ability of students to find, in the positive law, the legal solutions to the issues that affect these assets, having acquired overall awareness of the regulatory framework and the institutional context in which these solutions are grafted. The course will be held through lectures concerning the following topics: A) Legal concepts preparatory to the study of the Legislation of Cultural Heritage: - notions of objective and subjective law and related partitions; - the different types of sanctions (criminal, civil, administrative); - the concepts of "legal system" and "normative source" and a list of the main normative sources of the Italian legal system; - certain fundamental notions of administrative law: the principles of legality, good performance and impartiality; the concept of administrative measure with the essential distinctions (measures of approval, constitutive of bonds, authorizers and licensors); the distinction between administrative and technical discretion, with particular reference to their relevance in the legislation of cultural heritage; the concept of administrative procedure and the stages in which it is articulated (preparatory, preliminary, decisional, supplementary effectiveness); - certain fundamental concepts of private law: the property in the legal sense and its distinctions according to articles 810-821 of the Civil Code (movable and immovable property; universality of furniture; appurtenances; natural and civil fruits); references to the legal regime on the circulation of immovable property (the notarial deed and its transcription in the Registrar's Office of real estate registers); the concepts of private property (art. 832 Civil Code), possession and possession (art. 1140 Civil Code). B) Essential features of the legislation on cultural heritage and landscape: - the concepts of protection and enhancement of cultural heritage pursuant to Articles 1-9 of the Cultural Heritage Code (so-called Urbani Code), with references also to the regulatory framework referred to in Articles 9, 117 and 118 of the Italian Civil Code; - the notion of cultural heritage under articles 2, 10 and 11 of the Urban Code: in particular, the abandonment of the purely aesthetic character in favor of a historical characterization as "evidence having value of civilization"; the different types of cultural heritage; - the administrative procedures for the verification of cultural interest (art. 12 of the Urb. Code) and the declaration of cultural interest (art. 13-16 of the Urb. Code); - the provisions of indirect protection (Articles 45-47 of the Urb. Code); - the main institutions for the protection of cultural heritage (art. 17-52 Urb. Code): supervision and inspection of cultural heritage; protection measures; voluntary and compulsory conservation interventions; - the legal regime of discoveries and discoveries of cultural heritage (articles 88-94 Urb. Code); - the expropriation of cultural property (art. 95 Urb. Code); - the regime of the circulation of cultural goods, with reference to both public property (Articles 53-58 of the Urb. Code), and privately owned goods: more information on the denunciation of transfer deeds (Article 59 of the Urb. Code) and on the so-called artistic pre-emption (Articles 60-62 of the Urb. Code).
Urban Sociology Module The urban sociology module includes a first theoretical part, a second methodological part and a third applicative part. The theoretical themes dealt with aim to provide a basic knowledge of the discipline starting from the authors whose works are fundamental to understand the object "shared administration of cultural heritage". Through a short excursus that also covers the beginnings of the discipline, the contribution of the theory will focus on the post-modern period and on themes that will have a connection with the applicative part of the course. In this regard, the practices (and models) of active citizenship participation and the debate on common goods (commons) will be at the center of interest in order to elaborate the exercise foreseen in the last part of the course. The methodological part aims to provide a basic knowledge of the main techniques of social sciences, in particular qualitative techniques, whose learning will be aimed at the drafting of the final report. The application part foresees a field work - concerning a case study of shared administration of commons, i.e. the pact of collaboration to take care of the ancient walls of Siena by the Municipality in alliance with local associations and private actors - which includes the application of a qualitative technique and the consequent elaboration of a project and a process concerning common goods. Cultural Heritage legislation module The module aims to provide some essential tools, also of a methodological nature, for the knowledge of the current system in the field of cultural heritage, with reference to both the functions and administrative powers for the protection and enhancement of these assets, as well as the procedures that affect their interventions and circulation. The expected results of the teaching are knowledge of the fundamental institutions of the cultural heritage system and the ability of students to find, in the positive law, the legal solutions to the issues that affect these assets, having acquired overall awareness of the regulatory framework and the institutional context in which these solutions are grafted. The course will be held through lectures concerning the following topics: A) Legal concepts preparatory to the study of the Legislation of Cultural Heritage: - notions of objective and subjective law and related partitions; - the different types of sanctions (criminal, civil, administrative); - the concepts of "legal system" and "normative source" and a list of the main normative sources of the Italian legal system; - certain fundamental notions of administrative law: the principles of legality, good performance and impartiality; the concept of administrative measure with the essential distinctions (measures of approval, constitutive of bonds, authorizers and licensors); the distinction between administrative and technical discretion, with particular reference to their relevance in the legislation of cultural heritage; the concept of administrative procedure and the stages in which it is articulated (preparatory, preliminary, decisional, supplementary effectiveness); - certain fundamental concepts of private law: the property in the legal sense and its distinctions according to articles 810-821 of the Civil Code (movable and immovable property; universality of furniture; appurtenances; natural and civil fruits); references to the legal regime on the circulation of immovable property (the notarial deed and its transcription in the Registrar's Office of real estate registers); the concepts of private property (art. 832 Civil Code), possession and possession (art. 1140 Civil Code). B) Essential features of the legislation on cultural heritage and landscape: - the concepts of protection and enhancement of cultural heritage pursuant to Articles 1-9 of the Cultural Heritage Code (so-called Urbani Code), with references also to the regulatory framework referred to in Articles 9, 117 and 118 of the Italian Civil Code; - the notion of cultural heritage under articles 2, 10 and 11 of the Urban Code: in particular, the abandonment of the purely aesthetic character in favor of a historical characterization as "evidence having value of civilization"; the different types of cultural heritage; - the administrative procedures for the verification of cultural interest (art. 12 of the Urb. Code) and the declaration of cultural interest (art. 13-16 of the Urb. Code); - the provisions of indirect protection (Articles 45-47 of the Urb. Code); - the main institutions for the protection of cultural heritage (art. 17-52 Urb. Code): supervision and inspection of cultural heritage; protection measures; voluntary and compulsory conservation interventions; - the legal regime of discoveries and discoveries of cultural heritage (articles 88-94 Urb. Code); - the expropriation of cultural property (art. 95 Urb. Code); - the regime of the circulation of cultural goods, with reference to both public property (Articles 53-58 of the Urb. Code), and privately owned goods: more information on the denunciation of transfer deeds (Article 59 of the Urb. Code) and on the so-called artistic pre-emption (Articles 60-62 of the Urb. Code).
Frontal lectures and moments of collective student-teacher interaction on the progress of the work. It is also requested the willingness to carry out inspections on the area subject of the case study.
Frontal lectures and moments of collective student-teacher interaction on the progress of the work. It is also requested the willingness to carry out inspections on the area subject of the case study doing interviews and facilitating focus group with the support of professor The 30 minutes talks on the readings will be organized according to the four “A’s” protocol, that implies to answer to the following four questions: what Assumptions does the author of the text hold? What do you Agree with in the text? What do you want to Argue with in the text? What parts of the text do you want to Aspire to? Each reading will be presented according to this protocol by 2 groups. At the end of the 2 group’s presentation, the last 10 minutes will be used for free discussion among the groups.
Sociologia Urbana Ciaffi D., Mela A. (2011), Urbanistica partecipata, Carocci. Corbetta P. (2003), Metodologia e tecniche della ricerca sociale, Vol.III, Il Mulino, Bologna (only some parts). Nuvolati G. (a cura di), (2006), Lezioni di sociologia urbana, Il Mulino, Bologna (only some parts). Moreover, handouts and other didactic materials will be provided by the teacher. Legislation of Cultural Heritage In addition to the notes taken during the lessons, it is essential to know the reference legal framework drawn from the Italian Constitution and the Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape. For the preparation of the exam, knowledge of the following volume is also required, exclusively in the parts indicated below: A. CROSETTI, D.VAIANO, Beni culturali e paesaggistici, Torino, Giappichelli, 2014, in particular: - Parte I: cap. I, cap. II, cap. III, cap. IV, cap. V (only paragraphs 1 e 2) - Parte II: cap. I.
The essential bibliographic references are the following: Arnstein S. “A ladder of citizen participation” in Journal of American Planning Association, vol. 35 no. 4 july 1969 Bollier D. and Helfrich S. (2019) The insurgent Power of Commons, New Society Publisher: https://eu.boell.org/sites/default/files/free_fair_and_alive_book.pdf Ciaffi D. “Sharing the Commons as a ‘New Top’ of Arnstein’s Ladder of Participation” in Built Environment vol. 45, 2019 p. 162-172 Ciaffi D. “L’administration partagée de biens communs” in La tribune fonda n.232 décembre 2016, pp.20-24 Gallent N. and Ciaffi D. (edited by) (2014) Community action and planning. Context, drivers and outcomes, Policy Press, Bristol/Chicago Hardin G. “The tragedy of commons” in Science, New Series, Vol. 162, No. 3859 (Dec. 13, 1968), pp. 1243-1248: https://www.hendrix.edu/uploadedFiles/Admission/GarrettHardinArticle.pdf Labsus, Rapporti sull’amministrazione condivisa dei beni comuni 2017, 2019: www.labsus.org Ostrom E. (1990) Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action Cambridge University Press Moreover, handouts and other didactic materials will be provided by the teacher. Legislation of Cultural Heritage In addition to the notes taken during the lessons, it is essential to know the reference legal framework drawn from the Italian Constitution and the Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape. For the preparation of the exam, knowledge of the following volume is also required, exclusively in the parts indicated below: A. CROSETTI, D.VAIANO, Beni culturali e paesaggistici, Torino, Giappichelli, 2014, in particular: - Parte I: cap. I, cap. II, cap. III, cap. IV, cap. V (only paragraphs 1 e 2) - Parte II: cap. I.
Modalità di esame: Prova orale obbligatoria; Elaborato scritto individuale; Elaborato scritto prodotto in gruppo;
The exam is aimed at testing the knowledge of theoretical topics related to sociological research and the ability to design and act collaborative local policies for the protection of cultural heritage.The periodic review of the exercises during the course will be the basis for assessing the commitment of each group of students and their ability to interact in an original not only with professors but also with public responsible, private actors, third sector subjects, informal associations and individual active inhabitants. The final evaluation will be provided by the following evaluation steps which contribute with the same percentage to the judgment proposed to the students: - evaluation of the consultations carried out by groups of students to qualified respondents; - evaluation of the theoretical skills acquired through the 30 minutes talks: students will have to report critically on selected articles and book chapters and to deliver an oral and written presentation; - individual compulsory oral exam aimed at discussing and deepening the research-action phase and evaluation of proposals for collaborative and active policies of conservation and revitalization of cultural heritage. The assessment of learning takes into account, in addition to the final products of the exercises, the assiduity and Commitment demonstrated, as well as the ability to communicate the skills acquired to expert and non-expert subjects. To pass the exam, at least a sufficient evaluation of the tests described above is required. Legislation The exam is aimed at testing the knowledge of the Italian constitutional system and in particular of the public law. The exercises during the course will be focused on the public law, administrative law and administrative procedures. The final evaluation will be provided by the following steps which contribute with the same percentage to the judgment proposed to the students: - Evaluation of the multiple choice test to determine the general and specialized knowledge on all subjects covered by the course - evaluation through oral exam on theoretical ad practical aspects of administrative law The assessment of learning takes into account, in addition to the final products of the exercises, the assiduity and commitment demonstrated, as well as the ability to communicate the skills acquired to expert and non-expert subjects. To pass the exam, at least a sufficient evaluation of the tests described above is required.
Exam: Compulsory oral exam; Individual essay; Group essay;
The exam is aimed at testing the knowledge of theoretical topics related to sociological research and the ability to design and act collaborative local policies for the protection of cultural heritage.The periodic review of the exercises during the course will be the basis for assessing the commitment of each group of students and their ability to interact in an original not only with professors but also with public responsible, private actors, third sector subjects, informal associations and individual active inhabitants. The final evaluation will be provided by the following evaluation steps which contribute with the same percentage to the judgment proposed to the students: - evaluation of the consultations carried out by groups of students to qualified respondents; - evaluation of the theoretical skills acquired through the 30 minutes talks: students will have to report critically on selected articles and book chapters and to deliver an oral and written presentation; - individual compulsory oral exam aimed at discussing and deepening the research-action phase and evaluation of proposals for collaborative and active policies of conservation and revitalization of cultural heritage. The assessment of learning takes into account, in addition to the final products of the exercises, the assiduity and Commitment demonstrated, as well as the ability to communicate the skills acquired to expert and non-expert subjects. To pass the exam, at least a sufficient evaluation of the tests described above is required. Legislation The exam is aimed at testing the knowledge of the Italian constitutional system and in particular of the public law. The exercises during the course will be focused on the public law, administrative law and administrative procedures. The final evaluation will be provided by the following steps which contribute with the same percentage to the judgment proposed to the students: - Evaluation of the multiple choice test to determine the general and specialized knowledge on all subjects covered by the course - evaluation through oral exam on theoretical ad practical aspects of administrative law The assessment of learning takes into account, in addition to the final products of the exercises, the assiduity and commitment demonstrated, as well as the ability to communicate the skills acquired to expert and non-expert subjects. To pass the exam, at least a sufficient evaluation of the tests described above is required.
Modalità di esame: Prova orale obbligatoria; Elaborato scritto individuale; Elaborato scritto prodotto in gruppo;
The exam is aimed at testing the knowledge of theoretical topics related to sociological research and the ability to design and act collaborative local policies for the protection of cultural heritage.The periodic review of the exercises during the course will be the basis for assessing the commitment of each group of students and their ability to interact in an original not only with professors but also with public responsible, private actors, third sector subjects, informal associations and individual active inhabitants. The final evaluation will be provided by the following evaluation steps which contribute with the same percentage to the judgment proposed to the students: - evaluation of the consultations carried out by groups of students to qualified respondents; - evaluation of the theoretical skills acquired through the 30 minutes talks: students will have to report critically on selected articles and book chapters and to deliver an oral and written presentation; - individual compulsory oral exam aimed at discussing and deepening the research-action phase and evaluation of proposals for collaborative and active policies of conservation and revitalization of cultural heritage. The assessment of learning takes into account, in addition to the final products of the exercises, the assiduity and Commitment demonstrated, as well as the ability to communicate the skills acquired to expert and non-expert subjects. To pass the exam, at least a sufficient evaluation of the tests described above is required. Legislation The exam is aimed at testing the knowledge of the Italian constitutional system and in particular of the public law. The exercises during the course will be focused on the public law, administrative law and administrative procedures. The final evaluation will be provided by the following steps which contribute with the same percentage to the judgment proposed to the students: - Evaluation of the multiple choice test to determine the general and specialized knowledge on all subjects covered by the course - evaluation through oral exam on theoretical ad practical aspects of administrative law The assessment of learning takes into account, in addition to the final products of the exercises, the assiduity and commitment demonstrated, as well as the ability to communicate the skills acquired to expert and non-expert subjects. To pass the exam, at least a sufficient evaluation of the tests described above is required.
Exam: Compulsory oral exam; Individual essay; Group essay;
The exam is aimed at testing the knowledge of theoretical topics related to sociological research and the ability to design and act collaborative local policies for the protection of cultural heritage.The periodic review of the exercises during the course will be the basis for assessing the commitment of each group of students and their ability to interact in an original not only with professors but also with public responsible, private actors, third sector subjects, informal associations and individual active inhabitants. The final evaluation will be provided by the following evaluation steps which contribute with the same percentage to the judgment proposed to the students: - evaluation of the consultations carried out by groups of students to qualified respondents; - evaluation of the theoretical skills acquired through the 30 minutes talks: students will have to report critically on selected articles and book chapters and to deliver an oral and written presentation; - individual compulsory oral exam aimed at discussing and deepening the research-action phase and evaluation of proposals for collaborative and active policies of conservation and revitalization of cultural heritage. The assessment of learning takes into account, in addition to the final products of the exercises, the assiduity and Commitment demonstrated, as well as the ability to communicate the skills acquired to expert and non-expert subjects. To pass the exam, at least a sufficient evaluation of the tests described above is required. Legislation The exam is aimed at testing the knowledge of the Italian constitutional system and in particular of the public law. The exercises during the course will be focused on the public law, administrative law and administrative procedures. The final evaluation will be provided by the following steps which contribute with the same percentage to the judgment proposed to the students: - Evaluation of the multiple choice test to determine the general and specialized knowledge on all subjects covered by the course - evaluation through oral exam on theoretical ad practical aspects of administrative law The assessment of learning takes into account, in addition to the final products of the exercises, the assiduity and commitment demonstrated, as well as the ability to communicate the skills acquired to expert and non-expert subjects. To pass the exam, at least a sufficient evaluation of the tests described above is required.
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