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Atelier Architectural restoration project

01UWQPV

A.A. 2020/21

Course Language

Inglese

Course degree

Course structure
Teaching Hours
Lezioni 32
Esercitazioni in aula 8
Tutoraggio 15
Teachers
Teacher Status SSD h.Les h.Ex h.Lab h.Tut Years teaching
Fabrizio Enrico
Atelier Architectural restoration project (Environmental Control Techniques and Equipments in Existing Buildings)
Professore Associato ING-IND/11 10 10 0 0 1
Morezzi Emanuele
Atelier Architectural restoration project (Restoration)
Professore Associato ICAR/19 30 50 0 0 1
Palmero Paola
Atelier Architectural restoration project (Science and technology of materials for restoration)
Professore Ordinario ING-IND/22 32 8 0 0 1
Teaching assistant
Espandi

Context
SSD CFU Activities Area context
2020/21
The multidisciplinary Atelier “Architectural Restoration Project” is held during the first year of the Master of Science Level in Architecture Heritage Preservation and Enhancement. The Master’s main goal regards the training an architect able to operate in the field of landscape and architectural heritage, able to answer to safeguard and restoration issues, with particular care to risk and sustainability contests, well aware about the strategies of knowledge and access to cultural heritage. By these goals, the Atelier “Architectural Restoration Project”, creates a field of cooperation between different scientific areas (Restoration, Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings, Science and technology of materials for restoration), in order to work and manage a complex architetural design focused on the preservation of an historical context. The course “Restoration” is mainly based on the theoretical approach to the field, and, further on, develops and deals with the approach to the historical monuments, analizing the legislative, practical, technological and formal components; - the course “Environmental control techniques and equipment in existing buildings” develops methods and tools for environmental analysis aimed at preserving and utilizing the architectural heritage, as well as addressing the compatibility issues of plant engineering in ancient buildings; - the course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” aims at the training of future architects in the field of historical materials and in the use of those materials for conservation and restoration purposes. Within the course, the student acquires the tools to analyze the materials and their decays morphologies, the skills to understand the chemical-physical and mechanical causes of alteration and the tools to propose materials, products, technologies and solutions appropriate to the project of conservation.
The multidisciplinary Atelier “Architectural Restoration Project” is held during the first year of the Master of Science Level in Architecture Heritage Preservation and Enhancement. The Master’s main goal regards the training an architect able to operate in the field of landscape and architectural heritage, able to answer to safeguard and restoration issues, with particular care to risk and sustainability contests, well aware about the strategies of knowledge and access to cultural heritage. By these goals, the Atelier “Architectural Restoration Project”, creates a field of cooperation between different scientific areas (Restoration, Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings, Science and technology of materials for restoration), in order to work and manage a complex architetural design focused on the preservation of an historical context. The course “Restoration” is mainly based on the theoretical approach to the field, and, further on, develops and deals with the approach to the historical monuments, analizing the legislative, practical, technological and formal components; - the course “Environmental control techniques and equipment in existing buildings” develops methods and tools for environmental analysis aimed at preserving and utilizing the architectural heritage, as well as addressing the compatibility issues of plant engineering in ancient buildings; - the course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” aims at the training of future architects in the field of historical materials and in the use of those materials for conservation and restoration purposes. Within the course, the student acquires the tools to analyze the materials and their decays morphologies, the skills to understand the chemical-physical and mechanical causes of alteration and the tools to propose materials, products, technologies and solutions appropriate to the project of conservation.
The Atelier provides specific in-depth analysis of the knowledge already acquired during the previous years. The Atelier aims to teach the applied aspects of the conservation discipline, in relation to the understanding of the substance and the identity of the architectural heritage, as well as the knowledge of legal aspects and their design implications, of the restoration techniques – with particular attention to the compatibility criteria, minimal intervention, reversibility, distinction, durability – in restoration and reuse project. Students are expected to acquire the ability of a critical interpretation of the heritage, in its need of protection, safety, conservation, reuse and in relation to the current debate on restoration, in a multidisciplinary perspective such required to the Architect in the built heritage restoration project. In detail: The Course “Restoration” aims to correctly express the project at different levels: from the cognitive approach of the preliminary scale - which through the masterplan prefigures choices and goals and defines contextual interactions - to the “definitive” scale, that sets the measures conservation and innovation on architectural materiality. Students acquire the ability to critically understand the heritage values in its need for protection, safety, conservation, and to solve interdisciplinary problems, in particular regarding the project of conservation, adaptation and reuse of architectural heritage in compliance with current regulations and in relation to restoration debate. The Course “Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings” aims at learning the requirements and technical standards in relation to the preventive conservation, indoor air quality and thermal comfort; to the systems and components for the lighting design and air-conditioning; to the active and passive techniques for the control of the indoor environment; the tools and methods for environmental monitoring for conservation and testing purposes. Students acquire the ability to evaluate thermal, lighting and air quality performance of confined environments and to make consistent choices regarding technology system, in compliance with current laws and in relation to the issues of integration between buildings and systems. At the end of the course, students will be able to define the best environmental conditions for conservation and to choose the most suitable lighting and air conditioning technologies in restoration work. The course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” is aimed at the analysis and description of degradation of materials and structures (with reference to current regulations), at the understanding of the mechanisms of degradation and correlation with chemical, environmental, physical, biological and / or mechanical phenomena. The main methods of chemical-physical and diagnostic characterization are illustrated, thus providing the students critical ability to propose the most appropriate solutions and technologies for the consolidation, conservation, protection and prevention of deteriorated materials. At the end of the course, the student will be able to bring to the conservation and restoration project specific skills in matter of material constitution, alteration of characteristics and properties of materials, procedures for diagnosis and monitoring, methods of treatment and intervention on materials and structures
The Atelier provides specific in-depth analysis of the knowledge already acquired during the previous years. The Atelier aims to teach the applied aspects of the conservation discipline, in relation to the understanding of the substance and the identity of the architectural heritage, as well as the knowledge of legal aspects and their design implications, of the restoration techniques – with particular attention to the compatibility criteria, minimal intervention, reversibility, distinction, durability – in restoration and reuse project. Students are expected to acquire the ability of a critical interpretation of the heritage, in its need of protection, safety, conservation, reuse and in relation to the current debate on restoration, in a multidisciplinary perspective such required to the Architect in the built heritage restoration project. In detail: The Course “Restoration” aims to correctly express the project at different levels: from the cognitive approach of the preliminary scale - which through the masterplan prefigures choices and goals and defines contextual interactions - to the “definitive” scale, that sets the measures conservation and innovation on architectural materiality. Students acquire the ability to critically understand the heritage values in its need for protection, safety, conservation, and to solve interdisciplinary problems, in particular regarding the project of conservation, adaptation and reuse of architectural heritage in compliance with current regulations and in relation to restoration debate. The Course “Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings” aims at learning the requirements and technical standards in relation to the preventive conservation, indoor air quality and thermal comfort; to the systems and components for the lighting design and air-conditioning; to the active and passive techniques for the control of the indoor environment; the tools and methods for environmental monitoring for conservation and testing purposes. Students acquire the ability to evaluate thermal, lighting and air quality performance of confined environments and to make consistent choices regarding technology system, in compliance with current laws and in relation to the issues of integration between buildings and systems. At the end of the course, students will be able to define the best environmental conditions for conservation and to choose the most suitable lighting and air conditioning technologies in restoration work. The course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” is aimed at the analysis and description of degradation of materials and structures (with reference to current regulations), at the understanding of the mechanisms of degradation and correlation with chemical, environmental, physical, biological and / or mechanical phenomena. The main methods of chemical-physical and diagnostic characterization are illustrated, thus providing the students critical ability to propose the most appropriate solutions and technologies for the consolidation, conservation, protection and prevention of deteriorated materials. At the end of the course, the student will be able to bring to the conservation and restoration project specific skills in matter of material constitution, alteration of characteristics and properties of materials, procedures for diagnosis and monitoring, methods of treatment and intervention on materials and structures
Students should possess the knowledge of the main course they follow in the Bachelor programs. However, the knowledge of history of European architecture, of architectural constructive and technological methods, and basis concerning the theory of design and project will be hardly suggested in order to improve their knowledge about monuments and cultural heritage. A basic knowledge of building physics will be also useful. Teachers will provide some materials on this background.
Students should possess the knowledge of the main course they follow in the Bachelor programs. However, the knowledge of history of European architecture, of architectural constructive and technological methods, and basis concerning the theory of design and project will be hardly suggested in order to improve their knowledge about monuments and cultural heritage. A basic knowledge of building physics will be also useful. Teachers will provide some materials on this background.
The different disciplines inside the Atelier will coordinate to define a single project that students will carry out. Students are organized in groups of 2/3 or 4 people, working on the defined theme, focused on a historical architecture that connotes the cultural landscape. The Course “Restoration” is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical design exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. Interdisciplinary lessons and guided tours (if the sanitary and legistative dispositions will allow) are planned as well. The main topics of the “Restoration” course regards: theory of values (heritage and protections), elements of Heritage protections laws, methodologies of analysis of historical context, analysis of architecture (shapes, volumes), construction techniques, typologies of design representation (specific for restoration), design on historical context, and other topic which will be necessary to define the design and the students work. The Course “Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings” is organized on lectures and practical exercise on initial test cases and on the group project. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. Interdisciplinary lessons are planned as well. The course is divided into the following topics: - the requirements of indoor environment for the preventive preservation of the heritage and for the comfort of the occupants, - types and operating conditions of the main systems for lighting and air conditioning, - integration of renewable energy sources, - tools of evaluation and modeling physical and numerical for thermal and lighting engineering design for the preservation and reuse of architectural heritage; -characterization of the interventions on the thermal systems and on the lighting systems; - rendering and communication of the results. Other topics can be developed in relation to the specific identity of the case studies under consideration. In the course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” the topics are closely related to the case studies examined. The program will address the following issues: - Building materials of historical origin: gypsum, lime, hydraulic binders, bricks, and stone materials; - The use of historical materials for the realization of plasters, mortars, stuccos, dry and fresco painting systems. Compositions, historical preparation techniques, methods for correct execution and implementation; - The identification of the main forms of deterioration of historical materials, through the observation of alteration morphologies; - The description of degradation morphologies and their representation, using definitions and terminologies of current legislation (UNI 11182-2006); - The identification of the causes of alteration and correlation to atmospheric / environmental exposure phenomena or other chemical, physical, biological, mechanical, anthropogenic causes; - The diagnosis of degradation: in-situ analysis techniques and laboratory analysis techniques, through the illustration of one or more case studies; - Surface cleaning techniques and desalting techniques for manufactured goods; - Solutions, techniques and products for conservation, consolidation, protection, prevention and restoration; - The drafting of a conservation project, including through the creation of graphical plans.
The different disciplines inside the Atelier will coordinate to define a single project that students will carry out. Students are organized in groups of 2/3 or 4 people, working on the defined theme, focused on a historical architecture that connotes the cultural landscape. The Course “Restoration” is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical design exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. Interdisciplinary lessons and guided tours (if the sanitary and legistative dispositions will allow) are planned as well. The main topics of the “Restoration” course regards: theory of values (heritage and protections), elements of Heritage protections laws, methodologies of analysis of historical context, analysis of architecture (shapes, volumes), construction techniques, typologies of design representation (specific for restoration), design on historical context, and other topic which will be necessary to define the design and the students work. The Course “Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings” is organized on lectures and practical exercise on initial test cases and on the group project. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. Interdisciplinary lessons are planned as well. The course is divided into the following topics: - the requirements of indoor environment for the preventive preservation of the heritage and for the comfort of the occupants, - types and operating conditions of the main systems for lighting and air conditioning, - integration of renewable energy sources, - tools of evaluation and modeling physical and numerical for thermal and lighting engineering design for the preservation and reuse of architectural heritage; -characterization of the interventions on the thermal systems and on the lighting systems; - rendering and communication of the results. Other topics can be developed in relation to the specific identity of the case studies under consideration. In the course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” the topics are closely related to the case studies examined. The program will address the following issues: - Building materials of historical origin: gypsum, lime, hydraulic binders, bricks, and stone materials; - The use of historical materials for the realization of plasters, mortars, stuccos, dry and fresco painting systems. Compositions, historical preparation techniques, methods for correct execution and implementation; - The identification of the main forms of deterioration of historical materials, through the observation of alteration morphologies; - The description of degradation morphologies and their representation, using definitions and terminologies of current legislation (UNI 11182-2006); - The identification of the causes of alteration and correlation to atmospheric / environmental exposure phenomena or other chemical, physical, biological, mechanical, anthropogenic causes; - The diagnosis of degradation: in-situ analysis techniques and laboratory analysis techniques, through the illustration of one or more case studies; - Surface cleaning techniques and desalting techniques for manufactured goods; - Solutions, techniques and products for conservation, consolidation, protection, prevention and restoration; - The drafting of a conservation project, including through the creation of graphical plans.
Teaching is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. The course “Restoration” weighs 8 CFU (80 hours), divided generally in lessons, exercitations, guided visits and hours dedicated to the project review. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary: during these hours real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the architectural project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project. The course “Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings” weighs 6 CFU (60 hours), divided generally into about 32 hours of lessons, 6 hours of guided visits and about 22 hours dedicated to the revision of the project. The course work together also to the technical staff of LAMSA for monitoring aspects and for light design. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary, during which real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Professors are also available to meet students (by scheduling appointments by email) to discuss and clarify with them both the lessons and the project contents. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project. The course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” weighs 4 CFU (40 hours), divided generally into about 23/24 hours of lessons and about 16/17 hours dedicated to the revision of the project. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary, during which real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project.
Tthe course is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. The course “Restoration” weighs 8 CFU (80 hours), divided generally in lessons, exercitations, guided visits and hours dedicated to the project review. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary: during these hours real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the architectural project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project. The course “Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings” weighs 6 CFU (60 hours), divided generally into about 32 hours of lessons, 6 hours of guided visits and about 22 hours dedicated to the revision of the project. The course work together also to the technical staff of LAMSA for monitoring aspects and for light design. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary, during which real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Professors are also available to meet students (by scheduling appointments by email) to discuss and clarify with them both the lessons and the project contents. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project. The course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” weighs 4 CFU (40 hours), divided generally into about 23/24 hours of lessons and about 16/17 hours dedicated to the revision of the project. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary, during which real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project.
Slides of the lessons and of other lecture notes will be uploaded on the students’ website. The professors will constantly give a specific bibliography to the students, in order to improve their possibilities to know more about the specific case study or the discipline. In general, the bibliography for the course “Restoration” includes the following texts: - In general, the bibliography for the course “Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings” will be provided at each lesson. Some general texts and references are: - EN 16883, Conservation of cultural heritage - Guidelines for improving the energy performance of historic buildings; - Dario Camuffo, Microclimate for Cultural Heritage: Measurement, Risk Assessment, Conservation, Restoration, and Maintenance of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments, Elsevier, 3rd Edition. In general, the bibliography for the course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” includes the following texts: - Giovanni Carbonara, Trattato di restauro architettonico, UTET, Torino 1996-2011. - Luca Bertolini, Materiali da costruzioni, Vol. 2: Degrado, prevenzione, diagnosi, restauro, Città Studi, Milano 2006. - Alfredo Negro, Jean-Marc Tulliani, Laura Montanaro, Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali, Celid, Torino 2008. - Stefania Franceschi, Leonardo Germani, Manuale operativo per il restauro architettonico, DEI srl – Tipografia del Genio Civile, Roma 2010 (quarta edizione). - Alessandro Battaglia, Andrea Rattazzi, Vassili Kafetsis (editors), Terra, Fuoco, Acqua, Aria. La calce, Edizioni AhRCOS, Ermes, Ariccia 2011.
Slides of the lessons and of other lecture notes will be uploaded on the students’ website. The professors will constantly give a specific bibliography to the students, in order to improve their possibilities to know more about the specific case study or the discipline. In general, the bibliography for the course “Restoration” includes the following texts: Ernst E. Burden, Illustrated dictionary of Architectural Preservation, Mc-Graw Hill, 2004. Jukka Jokilehto, History of Architectural Preservation, Butterworth-Heinemann 2002. Miles Glendinning, The conservation movement. A history of Architectural preservation, Routledge, 2013. Giorgio Torraca, Lectures on Materials Science for Architectural Conservation, Getty, 2009. Emanuele Morezzi, Perspectives on Architectural Preservation, Polito Press, 2020. Further bibliography notes will be given at the beginning of the course. In general, the bibliography for the course “Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings” will be provided at each lesson. Some general texts and references are: - EN 16883, Conservation of cultural heritage - Guidelines for improving the energy performance of historic buildings; - Dario Camuffo, Microclimate for Cultural Heritage: Measurement, Risk Assessment, Conservation, Restoration, and Maintenance of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments, Elsevier, 3rd Edition. - Garry Thomson, The Museum Environment, 1986, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2rd Edition - CEN/TS 16163, Conservation of Cultural Heritage - Guidelines and procedures for choosing appropriate lighting for indoor exhibitions. - David Saunders, Museum Lighting: A Guide for Conservators and Curators, 2020, Getty Publications
Modalità di esame: Elaborato grafico prodotto in gruppo; Prova scritta a risposta aperta o chiusa tramite PC con l'utilizzo della piattaforma di ateneo Exam integrata con strumenti di proctoring (Respondus); Elaborato progettuale in gruppo;
The exam regards a graphic group work, related to the design project the group carried out during the semester. The exam is constituted by an oral presentation and a discussion about the project. This part counts as 2/3 of the final mark of the exam. During the course, each course asks the students, individually or in groups, to face written texts or exams, in order to check the knowledge the students acquired during the lectures. The exam questions' are open, it's allowed to use notes or books during the text and it lasts 60/90 minutes. This part, which takes place during the course in different moments and organized to help the students in order to divide the main exam in different and smaller parts, counts as 1/3 of the final mark compulsory oral exam; group graphic design project; group project. Students are required to demonstrate their learning by intermediate and final presentation of their work, showing to be able to manage and correlate the different disciplines and to be able to evaluate and critically choose the best solutions.
Exam: Group graphic design project; Computer-based written test with open-ended questions or multiple-choice questions using the Exam platform and proctoring tools (Respondus); Group project;
The exam regards a graphic group work, related to the design project the group carried out during the semester. The exam is constituted by an oral presentation and a discussion about the project. This part counts as 2/3 of the final mark of the exam. During the course, each course asks the students, individually or in groups, to face written texts or exams, in order to check the knowledge the students acquired during the lectures. The exam questions' are open, it's allowed to use notes or books during the text and it lasts 60/90 minutes. This part, which takes place during the course in different moments and organized to help the students in order to divide the main exam in different and smaller parts, counts as 1/3 of the final mark compulsory oral exam; group graphic design project; group project. Students are required to demonstrate their learning by intermediate and final presentation of their work, showing to be able to manage and correlate the different disciplines and to be able to evaluate and critically choose the best solutions.
Modalità di esame: Prova scritta (in aula); Elaborato grafico prodotto in gruppo; Prova scritta tramite l'utilizzo di vLAIB e piattaforma di ateneo Exam integrata con strumenti di proctoring (Respondus). ;
The exam regards a graphic group work, related to the design project the group carried out during the semester. The exam is constituted by an oral presentation and a discussion about the project. This part counts as 2/3 of the final mark of the exam. During the course, each course asks the students, individually or in groups, to face written texts or exams, in order to check the knowledge the students acquired during the lectures. The exam questions' are open, it's allowed to use notes or books during the text and it lasts 60/90 minutes. This part, which takes place during the course in different moments and organized to help the students in order to divide the main exam in different and smaller parts, counts as 1/3 of the final mark
Exam: Written test; Group graphic design project; Written test via vLAIB using the Exam platform and proctoring tools (Respondus).;
The exam regards a graphic group work, related to the design project the group carried out during the semester. The exam is constituted by an oral presentation and a discussion about the project. This part counts as 2/3 of the final mark of the exam. During the course, each course asks the students, individually or in groups, to face written texts or exams, in order to check the knowledge the students acquired during the lectures. The exam questions' are open, it's allowed to use notes or books during the text and it lasts 60/90 minutes. This part, which takes place during the course in different moments and organized to help the students in order to divide the main exam in different and smaller parts, counts as 1/3 of the final mark
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