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History of architecture and cities Lab B

01UYBLU, 01UYBPM

A.A. 2022/23

Course Language

Inglese

Course degree

1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Architettura (Architecture) - Torino
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Architettura - Torino

Course structure
Teaching Hours
Lezioni 20
Esercitazioni in aula 40
Tutoraggio 35
Teachers
Teacher Status SSD h.Les h.Ex h.Lab h.Tut Years teaching
Dinler Mesut   Ricercatore L240/10 ICAR/18 20 40 0 0 1
Teaching assistant
Espandi

Context
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ICAR/18 6 A - Di base Discipline storiche per l'architettura
Valutazione CPD 2021/22
2022/23
The laboratories on the history of architecture and the city aim to provide the tools to investigate the diachronic dimension of architecture and of the transformation of the territory and to build a critical reflection on the relationship between past and present. The laboratories differ from the previous monographic courses in the history of architecture in the use of forms of teaching based on the students' direct experience of analysis and historical research. Each laboratory focuses on a theme, an object, or a case study chosen by the teacher(s), without geographical or chronological limits. In particular, the History of Architecture and Cities Lab_B aims to provide the basis of the methodology of historical research (literature; secondary sources; primary sources), in order to acquire deep knowledge of the history of an architectural monument (singular works or urban spaces), able to better identify its historical and aesthetic value, also aiming at developing strategies of enhancement, dissemination and protection of the cultural and architectural heritage. Therefore, for the academic year 2020/21 the theme is: “Torino/Turin: the history of its architectural and urban heritage in view of multifaceted strategies of cultural tourism development”.
The teaching objectives of the laboratories on the history of architecture and the city aim to provide the tools to investigate the diachronic dimension of architecture, the transformation of the territory, and to build a critical reflection on the relationship between past and present. The laboratories differ from the previous monographic courses of History of Architecture in the use of forms of teaching based on the students' direct experience of analysis and historical research. Each laboratory focuses on a theme, an object, or a case study chosen by the professor, without geographical or chronological limits. In particular, the History of Architecture and Cities Lab B aims to provide the basis of the methodology of historical research (literature; secondary sources; primary sources), in order to acquire deep knowledge of the history of an architectural building and urban spaces, able to better identify its historical value, also aiming at developing strategies of valorization, dissemination and protection of the cultural and architectural heritage. The theme of the History of Architecture and Cities Lab B for the academic year 2022/23 is: “Societal Equity and Cities in History: Revealing the potential of urban heritage in relation to communities and societies in a holistic vision”
In general terms, the laboratories guide the students to the research of historical sources (graphic or textual, material, bibliographical and/or archival), to their analysis and interpretation, to their discussion and finally to the restitution of the research carried out through tools such as writing or graphic analysis. Through an in-depth experience conducted on specific case studies, each laboratory aims to provide students with the critical and methodological skills necessary to conduct an autonomous and conscious study and research project. The laboratories also aim to strengthen students' critical skills with regard to some central themes of contemporary historiographical debate.
In general terms, the laboratories guide the students to the research of historical sources (graphic or textual, material, bibliographical and/or archival), to their analysis and interpretation, to their discussion and finally to the conclusion and presentation of the research carried out through tools such as writing or graphic analysis. Through an in-depth experience conducted on specific case studies, each laboratory aims to provide students with the critical and methodological skills necessary to conduct an autonomous and conscious study and research project. The laboratories also aim to strengthen students' critical skills with regard to some central themes of contemporary historiographical debate. More specifically, the laboratory History of architecture and cities Lab B will allow the students to gain an appropriate terminology, methodology, and tools using the most up to date concepts and approaches of the historic disciplines with a critical lense in a wide diachronic range. The specific aim is to develop critical lenses towards the study of the past in line with the contemporary debates with a holistic approach that extends conventional lecture-based history courses covering contemporary issues and debates. At the end of the laboratory, students will be able to use in operational terms the critical knowledge that they have gained. In particular, they will gain the capacity to: • Contextualize the historical background of architectural and urban transformations, • Read, write, and critically think about architectural and urban history, • Communicate the outcomes of a historic research through digital tools, • Identify the range of documentation available at different periods, organize and use information with a capability to control digital opportunities, and reflect critically on knowledge and understanding as presented in specific literature; • Questioning historical background of urban transformation processes considering social, political, and economic points of view including issues such as gender, migration, and health with a capacity to link these issues to the notion of cultural heritage; • Ability to develop and communicate historical research through reading and writing, • Exercise to use personal knowledge skills and social abilities to collaborate within a group for designing, executing, and producing a historical research project.
The student should have passed the History of Contemporary Architecture exam (1st year) and attended the History of Modern Architecture exam (2nd year). Moreover, a general knowledge in the history of Turin and its greatest monuments is strongly recommended.
For a full comprehension of the themes that the course covers, it is recommended that the student has passed the History of Contemporary Architecture exam (1 st year) and attended the History of Modem Architecture exam (2nd year).
The course aims to provide the main tools for historical research, understood to mean the definition of the meaning of an architectural monuments (or urban sites) on the basis of its context, its location, the way in which it is presented, even to the evolutionary process of up to their current state. In order to arrive at a sufficient and complete methodological approach, the course will focus on the analysis of some famous case-studies of Turin and its surroundings, intended to provide a complete frame on the complexity and variety of the sources (direct and indirect), and on their specific nature according to the main historical periods and phases. The student teams will deal with monumental ensembles with a significant complexity, focusing on the main methodologies of analysis of the evidences (the monument itself), as well as written and iconographic sources coming from different historical ages: Middle, early and late Modern, Contemporary Age. At the end of the course the student-architect will be able to understand in detail the specific literature, to have a complete panorama of historical sources, to develop a historical research of scientific level, to elaborate critical texts and graphic elaborations able to foster strategies of development, protection and diffusion of the architectural heritage. The course will be organized into teams; review sessions; workshop; visits, according to a timetable to be previously provided to students.
Under the title “Societal Equity and Cities in History: Revealing the potential of urban heritage in relation to communities and societies in a holistic vision”, the 2022/23 edition of the History of Architecture and Cities Lab B will introduce the various ways to develop a critical approach for studying the histories of architecture and cities (particularly in urban contexts) as they relate to the issues of social equity. The theme of the laboratory is framed to evoke a critical approach with a historical awareness towards history of architecture and cities. This framing is intended to evidence the links between historical developments and today’s contemporary debates, particularly on the issues highlighted in the sustainable development goals. The course topics will cover issues of gender, health, migration, public history as an integral part of the history of architecture and cities. Main temporal focus will be the contemporary ages.
The laboratory will guide students through a plurality of exercises aimed at developing specific skills: bibliographic research; identification and critical use of primary sources; critical readings of key texts; deconstruction of existing research works; paper writing exercises; visual analysis of buildings; individual and group presentations; collective discussions; etc. Each of the teaching modules will be subject to specific forms of revision and will contribute to the formation of the overall evaluation.
The laboratory will guide students through a plurality of exercises aimed at developing specific skills: bibliographic research; identification and critical use of primary and secondary sources; critical readings of key texts; paper writing exercises; visual analysis of cities; individual and group presentations; collective discussions; etc.
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic makes it difficult to predict to what extent the course will be held through direct interaction in the classroom or through a plurality of remote teaching tools. The organization of the course might be subject to change due to such variables: therefore, a detailed program of course activities will be provided at the beginning of the semester. The laboratory will alternate between ex-cathedra lessons, specific exercises to be conducted either in small teams or individually, and collective discussions on some issues of common relevance. Lessons (15%) will be focused on theoretical-practical explanations of the main sources of historical research. Exercises will follow every class. Review sessions, if necessary (10%), are meant as synthetic recall-classes on the western history of modern and contemporary architecture. Workshop (60%): the methodologies outlined and exemplified step by step will be tried out through student-led researches on a chosen monument. Students will carry on a historical research in small teams (2-3 students). They will have to produce a research paper (written step by step, with mandatory deadlines) and present the results of the critical and analytical work carried out during the workshop. Next to the work, a large amount of time will be spent on audits with the teachers. Visits (15%) to famous monuments of Turin will be scheduled.
The laboratory (60 hrs) will alternate between: - lessons and lectures on specific topics by teachers and international speakers (20 hrs); - specific exercises to be conducted either in small groups or individually (25 hrs); - collective discussions on some issues of common relevance (15 hrs). The students are expected to work in groups for the successful delivery of a historical research project executed and presented with a digital narrative (evaluation as a group). Depending on the circumstances, when possible, field trips are foreseen.
- John BELDON SCOTT, _Fashioning a Capital: The Politics of Urban Space in Early Modern Turin_, in Marcello FANTONI, Malcom SMUTS, George GORSE (eds.), _The Politics of Space: European Courts ca. 1500-1700_, Roma: Bulzoni, 2009. - Claude H. BERGERON, _City Planning in Turin, 1800-1865 : from Napoleon I to the first capital of Italy_, PhD diss. (Univeristy of Princeton, 1972), Ann Arbor: UMI, 1989. - Michele BONINO, Giulietta FASSINO, Davide Tommaso FERRANDO, Carlo SPINELLI (eds.), _Torino 1984-2008: Architecture Atlas_, Torino: Urban center Metropolitano, 2008. - Anthony L. CARDOZA, Geoffrey W. SYMCOX, _A History of Turin_, Torino: Einaudi, 2006. - Cristiana CHIORINO, Giulietta FASSINO, Laura MILAN (eds.), _Turin_, Berlin: DOM, 2015. - Vera COMOLI, Carlo OLMO (eds.), _Turin_, Torino: Allemandi, 2000. - Vera COMOLI, Rosanna ROCCIA (eds.), _Progettare la città. L’urbanistica di Torino tra storia e scelte alternative_, Torino: Archivio Storico della Città di Torino, 2001. - Antonio DE ROSSI, Giovanni DURBIANO, _Turin 1980-2011: Its transformation and its images_, Torino: Allemandi, 2011. - Giulietta FASSINO, Carlo SPINELLI, _Torino contemporanea. Guida alle architetture / Contemporary Turin: Guide to Architectures_, Trento-Barcellona: List Lab, 2011. - Martha D. POLLAK, _Turin 1564-1680 : Urban design, military culture, and the creation of the absolutist capital_, Chicago – London: University of Chicago Press, 1991. - Società degli Ingegneri e degli Architetti di Torino (ed.), _26 itinerari di architettura a Torino / 26 Architectural Walks in Turin_, Torino: Società degli Ingegneri e degli Architetti di Torino, 2000.
An introductory bibliography is established as follows; the knowledge of only some parts specifically indicated for the students will be required. The basic material (in the form of handouts and collections of documents) both for the lessons and exercises will be available, through the course web portal. Mandatory Reading: - Lewis Mumford, The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects, Mariner Books, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (1961) 1968. - Michel de Certau, The Practice of Everyday Life, Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1980 (Chapter VII: Walking in the City, pp. 91-110.). - Peter Clark, "The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History", Oxford University Press, Oxford 2013. - Francis Ching, Mark Jarzombek, and Vikram Prakash. A Global History of Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, 2017 (“Introduction”). Recommended Sources: - Beatriz Colomina and Jennifer Bloomer. Sexuality & space. Vol. 234. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1992. (“Introduction”). - Michel Foucault, “Of Other Spaces ("Des Espaces Autres)”, Diacritics, Vol. 16, No. 1 (1986): 22-27. - Pier Paolo Pasolini, La forma della città, documentary.
Modalità di esame: Prova orale obbligatoria; Elaborato grafico prodotto in gruppo; Elaborato scritto individuale; Elaborato scritto prodotto in gruppo; Elaborato progettuale in gruppo;
Exam: Compulsory oral exam; Group graphic design project; Individual essay; Group essay; Group project;
Exam: Compulsory oral exam; Individual graphic design project; Group graphic design project; Individual essay; Group essay. The exam will consist of an oral test, with an evaluation on a 30-point scale. The oral exam will last 25-30 minutes. 1. The evaluation will be carried out continuously over the course of the semester and will be based on the outcome of all the activities carried out during the workshop, as well as the student's ability to participate in discussions (15%). 2. The final exam will consist of an oral interview during which the student will have to demonstrate the ability to critically review the work carried out during the semester (50%) and analyze in a pertinent way the topics and case studies covered by the laboratory (35%).
Gli studenti e le studentesse con disabilità o con Disturbi Specifici di Apprendimento (DSA), oltre alla segnalazione tramite procedura informatizzata, sono invitati a comunicare anche direttamente al/la docente titolare dell'insegnamento, con un preavviso non inferiore ad una settimana dall'avvio della sessione d'esame, gli strumenti compensativi concordati con l'Unità Special Needs, al fine di permettere al/la docente la declinazione più idonea in riferimento alla specifica tipologia di esame.
Exam: Compulsory oral exam; Group graphic design project; Individual essay; Group essay; Group project;
The final evaluation of the course will include the final submission of the project (%40), the oral presentation of the project (%30 – group presentation/individual evaluation), and the research essay (%30).
In addition to the message sent by the online system, students with disabilities or Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) are invited to directly inform the professor in charge of the course about the special arrangements for the exam that have been agreed with the Special Needs Unit. The professor has to be informed at least one week before the beginning of the examination session in order to provide students with the most suitable arrangements for each specific type of exam.
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