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Restoration project

01VMFTE

A.A. 2021/22

Course Language

Inglese

Course degree

Course structure
Teaching Hours
Lezioni 32
Esercitazioni in aula 8
Tutoraggio 23,5
Teachers
Teacher Status SSD h.Les h.Ex h.Lab h.Tut Years teaching
Morezzi Emanuele
Restoration project (Restoration)
Professore Associato ICAR/19 20 40 0 0 2
Palmero Paola
Restoration project (Science and technology of materials)
Professore Ordinario ING-IND/22 28 4 0 0 2
Fabrizio Enrico
Restoration project (Technical physics of environment)
Professore Associato ING-IND/11 6,5 13,5 0 0 2
Teaching assistant
Espandi

Context
SSD CFU Activities Area context
2021/22
The multidisciplinary Atelier “Architectural Restoration Project” is held during the first year of the Master of Science Level in Architecture Heritage Preservation and Enhancement. The Master’s aim to operate in the field of landscape and architectural heritage, in order to answer to safeguard and restoration issues, with particular care to risk and sustainability contests, well aware about the strategies of knowledge and access to cultural heritage. By these goals, the Atelier “Architectural Restoration Project”, creates a field of cooperation between different scientific areas (Restoration, Building physics, Science and technology of materials for restoration), in order to work and manage a complex architectural design focused on the preservation of an historical context. The course “Restoration” is mainly based on the theoretical approach to the field, and, further on, develops and deals with the approach to the historical monuments, analyzing the legislative, practical, technological and formal components; - the course “Technical physics of environment” develops methods and tools for environmental analysis aimed at preserving and utilizing the architectural heritage, as well as addressing the compatibility issues of systems and plants in ancient buildings; - the course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” aims at the training of future architects in the knowledge of historical materials in the architectural heritage. The student acquires the tools to identify the materials and their decay morphologies, the skills to understand the chemical, physical and mechanical causes of degradation and the tools to propose materials, products, technologies and solutions appropriate to the project of conservation.
The multidisciplinary Atelier “Architectural Restoration Project” is held during the first year of the Master of Science Level in Architecture Heritage Preservation and Enhancement. The Master’s aim to operate in the field of landscape and architectural heritage, in order to answer to safeguard and restoration issues, with particular care to risk and sustainability contests, well aware about the strategies of knowledge and access to cultural heritage. By these goals, the Atelier “Architectural Restoration Project”, creates a field of cooperation between different scientific areas (Restoration, Building physics, Science and technology of materials for restoration), in order to work and manage a complex architectural design focused on the preservation of an historical context. The course “Restoration” is mainly based on the theoretical approach to the field, and, further on, develops and deals with the approach to the historical monuments, analyzing the legislative, practical, technological and formal components; - the course “Technical physics of environment” develops methods and tools for environmental analysis aimed at preserving and utilizing the architectural heritage, as well as addressing the compatibility issues of systems and plants in ancient buildings; - the course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” aims at the training of future architects in the knowledge of historical materials in the architectural heritage. The student acquires the tools to identify the materials and their decay morphologies, the skills to understand the chemical, physical and mechanical causes of degradation and the tools to propose materials, products, technologies and solutions appropriate to the project of conservation.
The Atelier provides specific in-depth analysis of the knowledge already acquired during the previous years. The Atelier aims to teach the applied aspects of the conservation discipline, in relation to the understanding of the substance and the identity of the architectural heritage, as well as the knowledge of legal aspects and their design implications, of the restoration techniques – with particular attention to the compatibility criteria, minimal intervention, reversibility, distinction, durability – in restoration and reuse project. Students are expected to acquire the ability of a critical interpretation of the heritage, in its need of protection, safety, conservation, reuse and in relation to the current debate on restoration, in a multidisciplinary perspective such required to the Architect in the built heritage restoration project. In detail: The Course “Restoration” aims to correctly express the project at different levels: from the cognitive approach of the preliminary scale - which through the masterplan prefigures choices and goals and defines contextual interactions - to the “definitive” scale, that sets the measures conservation and innovation on architectural materiality. Students acquire the ability to critically understand the heritage values in its need for protection, safety, conservation, and to solve interdisciplinary problems, in particular regarding the project of conservation, adaptation and reuse of architectural heritage in compliance with current regulations and in relation to restoration debate. The Course “Technical physics of environment” aims at learning the requirements and technical standards in relation to the preventive conservation, indoor air quality and thermal comfort; to the systems and components for the lighting design and air-conditioning; to the active and passive techniques for the control of the indoor environment. Students acquire the ability to evaluate thermal, lighting and air quality performance of confined environments and to make consistent choices regarding systems and equipment, in compliance with current laws and in relation to the issues of integration between buildings and systems. At the end of the course, students will be able to define the best environmental conditions for conservation and to choose the most suitable lighting and air conditioning technologies in restoration works. The course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” is aimed at the identification, analysis and description of degradation of materials and structures, developing a scientific terminology and representation methodology in agreement to current regulations. Students will acquire the tools to understand the degradation mechanisms, including chemical, environmental, physical, biological and mechanical phenomena, and to formulate a diagnosis supported by laboratory analyses. The course will provide the students the critical ability to identify the most appropriate solutions and technologies for the consolidation, conservation, protection and prevention of deteriorated materials. At the end of the course, the student will be able to bring to the conservation and restoration project specific skills in matter of material constitution, alteration of characteristics and properties of materials, procedures for diagnosis and monitoring, methods of treatment and intervention on materials and structures.
The Atelier provides specific in-depth analysis of the knowledge already acquired during the previous years. The Atelier aims to teach the applied aspects of the conservation discipline, in relation to the understanding of the substance and the identity of the architectural heritage, as well as the knowledge of legal aspects and their design implications, of the restoration techniques – with particular attention to the compatibility criteria, minimal intervention, reversibility, distinction, durability – in restoration and reuse project. Students are expected to acquire the ability of a critical interpretation of the heritage, in its need of protection, safety, conservation, reuse and in relation to the current debate on restoration, in a multidisciplinary perspective such required to the Architect in the built heritage restoration project. In detail: The Course “Restoration” aims to correctly express the project at different levels: from the cognitive approach of the preliminary scale - which through the masterplan prefigures choices and goals and defines contextual interactions - to the “definitive” scale, that sets the measures conservation and innovation on architectural materiality. Students acquire the ability to critically understand the heritage values in its need for protection, safety, conservation, and to solve interdisciplinary problems, in particular regarding the project of conservation, adaptation and reuse of architectural heritage in compliance with current regulations and in relation to restoration debate. The Course “Technical physics of environment” aims at learning the requirements and technical standards in relation to the preventive conservation, indoor air quality and thermal comfort; to the systems and components for the lighting design and air-conditioning; to the active and passive techniques for the control of the indoor environment. Students acquire the ability to evaluate thermal, lighting and air quality performance of confined environments and to make consistent choices regarding systems and equipment, in compliance with current laws and in relation to the issues of integration between buildings and systems. At the end of the course, students will be able to define the best environmental conditions for conservation and to choose the most suitable lighting and air conditioning technologies in restoration works. The course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” is aimed at the identification, analysis and description of degradation of materials and structures, developing a scientific terminology and representation methodology in agreement to current regulations. Students will acquire the tools to understand the degradation mechanisms, including chemical, environmental, physical, biological and mechanical phenomena, and to formulate a diagnosis supported by laboratory analyses. The course will provide the students the critical ability to identify the most appropriate solutions and technologies for the consolidation, conservation, protection and prevention of deteriorated materials. At the end of the course, the student will be able to bring to the conservation and restoration project specific skills in matter of material constitution, alteration of characteristics and properties of materials, procedures for diagnosis and monitoring, methods of treatment and intervention on materials and structures.
Students should possess the knowledge of the main course they follow in the Bachelor programs. However, the knowledge of history of European architecture, of architectural constructive and technological methods, and basis concerning the theory of design and project will be hardly suggested in order to improve their knowledge about monuments and cultural heritage. A basic knowledge of building physics will be also useful. Teachers will provide some materials on this background
Students should possess the knowledge of the main course they follow in the Bachelor programs. However, the knowledge of history of European architecture, of architectural constructive and technological methods, and basis concerning the theory of design and project will be hardly suggested in order to improve their knowledge about monuments and cultural heritage. A basic knowledge of building physics will be also useful. Teachers will provide some materials on this background
The different disciplines inside the Atelier will coordinate to define a single project that students will carry out. Students are organized in groups of 2 to 4 people, working on the defined theme, focused on a historical architecture that connotes the cultural landscape. The Course “Restoration” is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical design exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. Interdisciplinary lessons and guided tours (if the sanitary and legislative dispositions will allow) are planned as well. The main topics of the “Restoration” course regards: theory of values (heritage and protections), elements of Heritage protections laws, methodologies of analysis of historical context, analysis of architecture (shapes, volumes), construction techniques, typologies of design representation (specific for restoration), design on historical context, and other topic which will be necessary to define the design and the students work. Moreover, the course Restoration organizes specific lecture about representation and data visualizing skills. The Course “Technical physics of environment” is organized into lectures and practical exercises on initial test cases and on the group project. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. Interdisciplinary lessons are planned as well. The course covers the following topics: - the requirements of indoor environment for the preventive preservation of the heritage and for the comfort of the occupants, - types and operating conditions of the main systems for lighting and air conditioning, - integration of renewable energy sources, - tools of evaluation and modeling physical and numerical for thermal and lighting engineering design for the preservation and reuse of architectural heritage; -characterization of the interventions on the thermal systems and on the lighting systems; - rendering and communication of the results. Other topics can be developed in relation to the specific identity of the case studies under consideration. In the course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical design exercise, too. The program will address the following topics: -Historical building materials: gypsum, lime, hydraulic binders, bricks, and stone materials; - The use of historical materials for the realization of plasters, mortars, stuccos, dry and fresco painting systems; - The identification of the main forms of deterioration of historical materials, through the observation of alteration morphologies in real case studies; - The description of degradation morphologies and their representation, using definitions and terminologies of current legislation (UNI 11182-2006); - The identification of the causes of decay and correlation to environmental exposure phenomena or other chemical, physical, biological, mechanical, anthropogenic causes; - The diagnosis of degradation: in-situ analysis techniques and laboratory analysis techniques, through the illustration of one or more case studies; - Surface cleaning techniques, and main technologies for masonry desalinization and for limiting the rising damp; - Solutions, techniques and products for conservation, consolidation, protection, prevention and restoration; - The drafting of a conservation project, including the design and creation of graphical boards.
The different disciplines inside the Atelier will coordinate to define a single project that students will carry out. Students are organized in groups of 2 to 4 people, working on the defined theme, focused on a historical architecture that connotes the cultural landscape. The Course “Restoration” is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical design exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. Interdisciplinary lessons and guided tours (if the sanitary and legislative dispositions will allow) are planned as well. The main topics of the “Restoration” course regards: theory of values (heritage and protections), elements of Heritage protections laws, methodologies of analysis of historical context, analysis of architecture (shapes, volumes), construction techniques, typologies of design representation (specific for restoration), design on historical context, and other topic which will be necessary to define the design and the students work. Moreover, the course Restoration organizes specific lecture about representation and data visualizing skills. The Course “Technical physics of environment” is organized into lectures and practical exercises on initial test cases and on the group project. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. Interdisciplinary lessons are planned as well. The course covers the following topics: - the requirements of indoor environment for the preventive preservation of the heritage and for the comfort of the occupants, - types and operating conditions of the main systems for lighting and air conditioning, - integration of renewable energy sources, - tools of evaluation and modeling physical and numerical for thermal and lighting engineering design for the preservation and reuse of architectural heritage; -characterization of the interventions on the thermal systems and on the lighting systems; - rendering and communication of the results. Other topics can be developed in relation to the specific identity of the case studies under consideration. In the course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical design exercise, too. The program will address the following topics: -Historical building materials: gypsum, lime, hydraulic binders, bricks, and stone materials; - The use of historical materials for the realization of plasters, mortars, stuccos, dry and fresco painting systems; - The identification of the main forms of deterioration of historical materials, through the observation of alteration morphologies in real case studies; - The description of degradation morphologies and their representation, using definitions and terminologies of current legislation (UNI 11182-2006); - The identification of the causes of decay and correlation to environmental exposure phenomena or other chemical, physical, biological, mechanical, anthropogenic causes; - The diagnosis of degradation: in-situ analysis techniques and laboratory analysis techniques, through the illustration of one or more case studies; - Surface cleaning techniques, and main technologies for masonry desalinization and for limiting the rising damp; - Solutions, techniques and products for conservation, consolidation, protection, prevention and restoration; - The drafting of a conservation project, including the design and creation of graphical boards.
The course is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. The course “Restoration” weighs 6 CFU (60 hours), divided generally in lessons, exercitations, guided visits and hours dedicated to the project review. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary: during these hours real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the architectural project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project. The course “Technical physics of environment” weighs 4 CFU (40 hours), divided generally into about 20 hours of lessons, and about 20 hours dedicated to guided exercises and project review. Also to the technical staff of LAMSA will contribute to the course for monitoring and for lighting design aspects. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project. The course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” weighs 4 CFU (40 hours), divided generally into about 23/24 hours of lessons and about 16/17 hours dedicated to the review of the project. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary, during which real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project.
The course is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. The course “Restoration” weighs 6 CFU (60 hours), divided generally in lessons, exercitations, guided visits and hours dedicated to the project review. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary: during these hours real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the architectural project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project. The course “Technical physics of environment” weighs 4 CFU (40 hours), divided generally into about 20 hours of lessons, and about 20 hours dedicated to guided exercises and project review. Also to the technical staff of LAMSA will contribute to the course for monitoring and for lighting design aspects. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project. The course “Science and technology of materials for restoration” weighs 4 CFU (40 hours), divided generally into about 23/24 hours of lessons and about 16/17 hours dedicated to the review of the project. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary, during which real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project.
Slides of the lessons and of other lecture notes will be uploaded on the students’ website. The professors will constantly give a specific bibliography to the students, in order to improve their possibilities to know more about the specific case study or the discipline. In general, the bibliography for the course “Restoration” includes the following texts: Ernst E. Burden, Illustrated dictionary of Architectural Preservation, Mc-Graw Hill, 2004. Jukka Jokilehto, History of Architectural Preservation, Butterworth-Heinemann 2002. Miles Glendinning, The conservation movement. A history of Architectural preservation, Routledge, 2013. Giorgio Torraca, Lectures on Materials Science for Architectural Conservation, Getty, 2009. Emanuele Morezzi, Perspectives on Architectural Preservation, Polito Press, 2020. Further bibliography notes will be given at the beginning of the course. In general, the bibliography for the course “Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings” will be provided at each lesson. Some general texts and references are: - EN 16883, Conservation of cultural heritage - Guidelines for improving the energy performance of historic buildings; - Dario Camuffo, Microclimate for Cultural Heritage: Measurement, Risk Assessment, Conservation, Restoration, and Maintenance of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments, Elsevier, 3rd Edition. - Garry Thomson, The Museum Environment, 1986, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2rd Edition - CEN/TS 16163, Conservation of Cultural Heritage - Guidelines and procedures for choosing appropriate lighting for indoor exhibitions. - David Saunders, Museum Lighting: A Guide for Conservators and Curators, 2020, Getty Publications. The bibliography for the course “Materials Science and Technology for Restoration” includes the following texts: ‘EwaGlos: European Illustrated Glossary of Conservation Terms for Wall Paintings and Architectural Surfaces’ by M.I. Verlag; ‘Illustrated glossary on stone deterioration patterns’, edited by ICOMOS (International Council on Monumets and Sites) International Scientific Committee for Stone (ISCS); ‘Lectures on Materials Science for Architectural Conservation’, by G. Torraca, The Getty Conservation Institute, 2009; ‘EN 998-1:2016: Specification for mortar for masonry’; ‘Nanostructured lime-based materials for the conservation of calcareous substrates’ by G. Borsoi, in: Architecture and the Built Environment, 2017; ‘Stone conservation: An overview of current research’, by E. Doehne and C.A. Price edited by The Getty Conservation Institute, 2010.
Slides of the lessons and of other lecture notes will be uploaded on the students’ website. The professors will constantly give a specific bibliography to the students, in order to improve their possibilities to know more about the specific case study or the discipline. In general, the bibliography for the course “Restoration” includes the following texts: Ernst E. Burden, Illustrated dictionary of Architectural Preservation, Mc-Graw Hill, 2004. Jukka Jokilehto, History of Architectural Preservation, Butterworth-Heinemann 2002. Miles Glendinning, The conservation movement. A history of Architectural preservation, Routledge, 2013. Giorgio Torraca, Lectures on Materials Science for Architectural Conservation, Getty, 2009. Emanuele Morezzi, Perspectives on Architectural Preservation, Polito Press, 2020. Further bibliography notes will be given at the beginning of the course. In general, the bibliography for the course “Environmental control techniques and equipments in existing buildings” will be provided at each lesson. Some general texts and references are: - EN 16883, Conservation of cultural heritage - Guidelines for improving the energy performance of historic buildings; - Dario Camuffo, Microclimate for Cultural Heritage: Measurement, Risk Assessment, Conservation, Restoration, and Maintenance of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments, Elsevier, 3rd Edition. - Garry Thomson, The Museum Environment, 1986, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2rd Edition - CEN/TS 16163, Conservation of Cultural Heritage - Guidelines and procedures for choosing appropriate lighting for indoor exhibitions. - David Saunders, Museum Lighting: A Guide for Conservators and Curators, 2020, Getty Publications. The bibliography for the course “Materials Science and Technology for Restoration” includes the following texts: ‘EwaGlos: European Illustrated Glossary of Conservation Terms for Wall Paintings and Architectural Surfaces’ by M.I. Verlag; ‘Illustrated glossary on stone deterioration patterns’, edited by ICOMOS (International Council on Monumets and Sites) International Scientific Committee for Stone (ISCS); ‘Lectures on Materials Science for Architectural Conservation’, by G. Torraca, The Getty Conservation Institute, 2009; ‘EN 998-1:2016: Specification for mortar for masonry’; ‘Nanostructured lime-based materials for the conservation of calcareous substrates’ by G. Borsoi, in: Architecture and the Built Environment, 2017; ‘Stone conservation: An overview of current research’, by E. Doehne and C.A. Price edited by The Getty Conservation Institute, 2010.
Modalità di esame: Elaborato grafico prodotto in gruppo; Elaborato progettuale in gruppo;
Exam: Group graphic design project; Group project;
Gli studenti e le studentesse con disabilità o con Disturbi Specifici di Apprendimento (DSA), oltre alla segnalazione tramite procedura informatizzata, sono invitati a comunicare anche direttamente al/la docente titolare dell'insegnamento, con un preavviso non inferiore ad una settimana dall'avvio della sessione d'esame, gli strumenti compensativi concordati con l'Unità Special Needs, al fine di permettere al/la docente la declinazione più idonea in riferimento alla specifica tipologia di esame.
Exam: Group graphic design project; Group project;
The exam is based on the evaluation of a graphic team work related to the restoration and design project that was carried out by the team during the whole semester. The exam is constituted by an oral presentation of the students of each team of about 10 minutes that will be followed by a Q&A session on the project. The presentation will be judged in terms of clarity and completeness of the speech, effectiveness and correctness of the graphic works. During the questions and answers session, each individual student is required to demonstrate their learning and be able to manage and correlate the different disciplines, evaluating and critically justifying each design solution.
In addition to the message sent by the online system, students with disabilities or Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) are invited to directly inform the professor in charge of the course about the special arrangements for the exam that have been agreed with the Special Needs Unit. The professor has to be informed at least one week before the beginning of the examination session in order to provide students with the most suitable arrangements for each specific type of exam.
Modalità di esame: Elaborato grafico prodotto in gruppo; Elaborato progettuale in gruppo;
Exam: Group graphic design project; Group project;
The exam is based on the evaluation of a graphic team work related to the restoration and design project that was carried out by the team during the whole semester. The exam is constituted by an oral presentation of the students of each team of about 10 minutes that will be followed by a Q&A session on the project. The presentation will be judged in terms of clarity and completeness of the speech, effectiveness and correctness of the graphic works. During the questions and answers session, each individual student is required to demonstrate their learning and be able to manage and correlate the different disciplines, evaluating and critically justifying each design solution.
Modalità di esame: Elaborato grafico prodotto in gruppo; Elaborato progettuale in gruppo;
Exam: Group graphic design project; Group project;
The exam is based on the evaluation of a graphic team work related to the restoration and design project that was carried out by the team during the whole semester. The exam is constituted by an oral presentation of the students of each team of about 10 minutes that will be followed by a Q&A session on the project. The presentation will be judged in terms of clarity and completeness of the speech, effectiveness and correctness of the graphic works. During the questions and answers session, each individual student is required to demonstrate their learning and be able to manage and correlate the different disciplines, evaluating and critically justifying each design solution.
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