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Biomedical and industrial applications of radiation

02OKIND, 02OKIMV

A.A. 2022/23

Course Language

Inglese

Course degree

Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Ingegneria Energetica E Nucleare - Torino
Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Ingegneria Biomedica - Torino

Course structure
Teaching Hours
Lezioni 45
Esercitazioni in aula 15
Teachers
Teacher Status SSD h.Les h.Ex h.Lab h.Tut Years teaching
Coppa Gianni Professore Ordinario ING-IND/18 45 15 0 0 6
Teaching assistant
Espandi

Context
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ING-IND/18 6 D - A scelta dello studente A scelta dello studente
2022/23
The course intends to describe the physics and the working principles that are the basis of many devices for biomedical and industrial applications employing beams of particles or, more generally, peculiar properties of the elementary particles (in particular, nuclear spin).
The course intends to describe the physics and the working principles that are the basis of many devices for biomedical and industrial applications employing beams of particles or, more generally, peculiar properties of the elementary particles.
The student will acquire knowledge of the phenomena connected with the interaction between radiation and matter, and he/she will learn how they can be exploited in devices for diagnostic and therapy uses.
The student will acquire knowledge of the phenomena connected with the interaction between radiation and matter, and he/she will learn how they can be exploited in devices for diagnostic and therapy uses, in particular, for specific applications that are described in detail in the course.
Courses of Physics (I and II) and Calculus.
Courses of Physics (I and II) and Calculus.
1. Elements of physics of elementary particles and of nuclei Short introduction to relativity and quantum mechanics; Fundamental interactions and Standard Model; Structure of nuclei. Drop model and binding energy. 2. Radioactivity Law of radioactive decay; Types of radioactive decay; Segré chart. Natural, cosmogenic and artificial radioactivity; Use of radionuclides in medicine. 3. Interaction between radiation and matter Compton and Rayleigh scattering, photoelectric effect, pair formation, bremsstrahlung; Auger effect and fluorescence; Interaction of heavy particles (ions or protons) with matter; Born and Bethe-Bloch formulas , Bragg’s peak. Spontaneous and stimulated emission, photon absorption; 4. Sources X-ray sources; Particle accelerators; Lasers. 5. Use of radiation and particle beams in medicine X-ray computed tomography; SPECT, PET; X-ray radiation therapy; brachytherapy; Boron neutron capture therapy; Hadron therapy. 6. Nuclear magnetic resonance Spin of elementary particles and nuclear spin; Spin dynamics in presence of magnetic field and radio frequency ; Techniques for 1D and 2D imaging.
1. Elements of physics of elementary particles and of nuclei Short introduction to relativity and quantum mechanics; Fundamental interactions and Standard Model; Structure of nuclei. Drop model and binding energy. 2. Radioactivity Law of radioactive decay; Types of radioactive decay; Segré chart. Natural, cosmogenic and artificial radioactivity; Use of radionuclides in medicine. 3. Interaction between radiation and matter Compton and Rayleigh scattering, photoelectric effect, pair formation, bremsstrahlung; Auger effect and fluorescence; Interaction of heavy particles (ions or protons) with matter; Born and Bethe-Bloch formulas , Bragg’s peak. Spontaneous and stimulated emission, photon absorption; 4. Sources X-ray sources; Particle accelerators; Lasers. 5. Use of radiation and particle beams in medicine X-ray computed tomography; SPECT, PET; X-ray radiation therapy; brachytherapy; Boron neutron capture therapy; Hadron therapy. 6. Nuclear magnetic resonance Spin of elementary particles and nuclear spin; Spin dynamics in presence of magnetic field and radio frequency ; Techniques for 1D and 2D imaging.
The course consists in lessons on theory (45 hours) and lessons on applications and examples (15 hours).
The course consists in lessons on theory (45 hours) and lessons on applications and examples (15 hours).
F. Close, Particle Physics - a very short introduction, Oxford University Press, 2012. E.B. Podgoršak, Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists, Third Edition, Springer, 2016. R.K. Hobbie, B.J. Roth, Intermediate Physics for Medicine and Biology, Fourth Edition, Springer, 2007. D. Scannicchio, Fisica Medica, III edizione, EdiSeS, 2013. M.H. Levitt, Spin dynamics: basis of nuclear magnetic resonance, Wiley, 2008.
F. Close, Particle Physics - a very short introduction, Oxford University Press, 2012. E.B. Podgoršak, Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists, Third Edition, Springer, 2016. R.K. Hobbie, B.J. Roth, Intermediate Physics for Medicine and Biology, Fourth Edition, Springer, 2007. D. Scannicchio, Fisica Medica, III edizione, EdiSeS, 2013. M.H. Levitt, Spin dynamics: basis of nuclear magnetic resonance, Wiley, 2008.
Modalità di esame: Prova scritta (in aula);
Exam: Written test;
Written exam (1.5 h) on the contents of the course. Typically, five essay questions are proposed and the student must give a detailed answer to three of them. Notes and texts cannot be used during the exam. The final mark of the exam is evaluated as the sum of the marks obtained in the three questions.
Gli studenti e le studentesse con disabilità o con Disturbi Specifici di Apprendimento (DSA), oltre alla segnalazione tramite procedura informatizzata, sono invitati a comunicare anche direttamente al/la docente titolare dell'insegnamento, con un preavviso non inferiore ad una settimana dall'avvio della sessione d'esame, gli strumenti compensativi concordati con l'Unità Special Needs, al fine di permettere al/la docente la declinazione più idonea in riferimento alla specifica tipologia di esame.
Exam: Written test;
Written exam (1.5 h) on the contents of the course. Typically, four essay questions are proposed; the student must give a detailed answer to two of them, in order to show his/her knowledge of the phenomena connected with radiation (in particular, radioactivity and radiation-matter interaction) and of the applications described in the course. Notes and texts cannot be used during the exam. The final mark of the exam is evaluated as the sum of the marks obtained in the three questions.
In addition to the message sent by the online system, students with disabilities or Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) are invited to directly inform the professor in charge of the course about the special arrangements for the exam that have been agreed with the Special Needs Unit. The professor has to be informed at least one week before the beginning of the examination session in order to provide students with the most suitable arrangements for each specific type of exam.
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