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PORTALE DELLA DIDATTICA

Building Construction Studio

02STKLU

A.A. 2019/20

Course Language

Italian

Course degree

Course structure
Teaching Hours
Lezioni 20
Esercitazioni in aula 40
Tutoraggio 35
Teachers
Teacher Status SSD h.Les h.Ex h.Lab h.Tut Years teaching
Trisciuoglio Marco
Building Construction Studio (Architectural and urban design)
Professore Ordinario ICAR/14 20 40 0 0 1
Bocco Andrea
Building Construction Studio (Architectural technology)
Professore Ordinario ICAR/12 20 40 0 0 1
Barpi Fabrizio
Building Construction Studio (Structural mechanics)
Professore Associato ICAR/08 20 0 0 0 1
Teaching assistant
Espandi

Context
SSD CFU Activities Area context
2019/20
The Building Construction Studios develop projects of medium-low complexity buildings in well-establish urban areas. The studios will focus on the architectural, technological and structural design of residential buildings (conventional or unconventional), small in size, with load-bearing frame structure (concrete, steel or wood), taking into account the relationship with their surroundings. The design will be technically feasible in the perspective of the most appropriate design solutions.
The Building Construction Studios develop projects of medium-low complexity buildings in well-establish urban areas. The studios will focus on the architectural, technological and structural design of residential buildings (conventional or unconventional), small in size, with load-bearing frame structure (concrete, steel or wood), taking into account the relationship with their surroundings. The design will be technically feasible in the perspective of the most appropriate design solutions.
• Ability to analyze the surrounding environment and combine it with the architectural forms taking into account the existing urban context, the site analysis and the users’ needs. • Ability to relate structural and technological systems with architectural forms using both functional layouts and architectural references, and specific construction solutions that fulfil the expected performance. • Ability to apply the basic technical standards to achieve the specific quality level required for the design solution. • Ability to verify, in itinere and a posteriori, the consistency of architectural, technological and structural design choices expressed by the design brief. • Ability to identify and understand the most appropriate models to determine the structural response by selecting the geometric and mechanical parameters to be used according to the actions envisaged. • Ability to understand, evaluate and critically communicate the design results and calculation performed.
• Ability to analyze the surrounding environment and combine it with the architectural forms taking into account the existing urban context, the site analysis and the users’ needs. • Ability to relate structural and technological systems with architectural forms using both functional layouts and architectural references, and specific construction solutions that fulfil the expected performance. • Ability to apply the basic technical standards to achieve the specific quality level required for the design solution. • Ability to verify, in itinere and a posteriori, the consistency of architectural, technological and structural design choices expressed by the design brief. • Ability to identify and understand the most appropriate models to determine the structural response by selecting the geometric and mechanical parameters to be used according to the actions envisaged. • Ability to understand, evaluate and critically communicate the design results and calculation performed.
The courses of "Institutions of Mathematics" (concepts of function, derivative, integral, differential equation, vectors and matrices), "Morphology and conception of structures" (equilibrium of forces, identification of unstable systems or with ineffective constraints, calculation of external reactions, drawing up diagrams of internal forces for statically determined structures) and "Culture and foundations of architectural technology", with the critical and design skills acquired in the attended Design studios, as well as the rules of architectural design at different scales, are considered already acquired.
The courses of "Institutions of Mathematics" (concepts of function, derivative, integral, differential equation, vectors and matrices), "Morphology and conception of structures" (equilibrium of forces, identification of unstable systems or with ineffective constraints, calculation of external reactions, drawing up diagrams of internal forces for statically determined structures) and "Culture and foundations of architectural technology", with the critical and design skills acquired in the attended Design studios, as well as the rules of architectural design at different scales, are considered already acquired.
Introduction Design activities will be developed through three design steps: (1) knowledge activity oriented to meta-project and design concept; (2) Architectural and structural design proposal at scale 1/100; (3) Architectural and structural design proposal and details at scale 1/50 and 1/20. Architectural and Urban Design In the framework of the multidisciplinary studio, the topic of the constructive reasons of architectural form (“tectonics” in architecture) is the core of the Architectural Design module. Students will be asked to attend lectures, to take part in readings of existing examples, to work on design exercises. The ideas of building type, structural type and constructional system are the main three concepts that will be treated during lectures and readings in order to let students understand the construction as a building process. Architectural Technology The Architectural Technology module includes preparatory lectures for the development of the project and activities of exercise and test of the drawings. The studio teaching program will be focused on the analysis of functional requirements and an appropriate response to such requirements; the relationship between interior and exterior of buildings regarding the envelope design; and the role of building elements. Attention will be paid to the issue of sustainability, understood as a basic design requirement. The practical activity will concern: • The analysis of design themes with regards to the relationships among place, environment, building and occupants (some requirements of acoustic and thermal comfort will be taken into account). • The building systems design and their construction. • The detailed design of the building envelope and the partitions. Structural Mechanics In order to introduce the students to the structural analysis methodologies adopted in the design phase, the following contents will be treated: principles of structural reliability; the beam structural element: assessment of elastic stresses and displacements; failure phenomena for elastic instability and strength limit of the cross sections; structural analysis: force and displacement method, matrix structural analysis. In addition, analysis of practical cases will be worked out using handbooks and structural software. The acquired knowledge and methods will be exploited to develop the conception, the structural modelling and the assessment of the studio project.
Introduction Design activities will be developed through three design steps: (1) knowledge activity oriented to meta-project and design concept; (2) Architectural and structural design proposal at scale 1/100; (3) Architectural and structural design proposal and details at scale 1/50 and 1/20. Architectural and Urban Design In the framework of the multidisciplinary studio, the topic of the constructive reasons of architectural form (“tectonics” in architecture) is the core of the Architectural Design module. Students will be asked to attend lectures, to take part in readings of existing examples, to work on design exercises. The ideas of building type, structural type and constructional system are the main three concepts that will be treated during lectures and readings in order to let students understand the construction as a building process. Architectural Technology The Architectural Technology module includes preparatory lectures for the development of the project and activities of exercise and test of the drawings. The studio teaching program will be focused on the analysis of functional requirements and an appropriate response to such requirements; the relationship between interior and exterior of buildings regarding the envelope design; and the role of building elements. Attention will be paid to the issue of sustainability, understood as a basic design requirement. The practical activity will concern: • The analysis of design themes with regards to the relationships among place, environment, building and occupants (some requirements of acoustic and thermal comfort will be taken into account). • The building systems design and their construction. • The detailed design of the building envelope and the partitions. Structural Mechanics In order to introduce the students to the structural analysis methodologies adopted in the design phase, the following contents will be treated: principles of structural reliability; the beam structural element: assessment of elastic stresses and displacements; failure phenomena for elastic instability and strength limit of the cross sections; structural analysis: force and displacement method, matrix structural analysis. In addition, analysis of practical cases will be worked out using handbooks and structural software. The acquired knowledge and methods will be exploited to develop the conception, the structural modelling and the assessment of the studio project.
Introduction Students will be working either individually or in small groups (according to the nature of the proposed exercise). The teaching program will consist both in theoretical lessons and learning-by-doing activities carried out through workshops, and individual, group and collective reviews intended as opportunities for self-evaluation. Teaching materials and projects will be shared on the official website of PoliTO or in a specific one. Visits to the building site and built works may be included in the teaching program. A presentation of the students’ projects to external critics and reviews of invited professors and professionals, are also expected in order to promote a critical confrontation. Architectural and Urban Design Work in class is organized in a theoretical part and a practical part. During the theoretical part lectures and readings are alternate in the weeks, while thematic design exercises are provided in the practical part with a process based on: exercise explanation, review, recognition of questions for other disciplines, collective check and evaluation sessions. Architectural Technology Teaching activities are organized through frontal lectures, videos, assisted exercises and external contributions as well as through a learning-by-doing method. Students work individually and in small groups in relation to activities planned. Joint reviews are planned in order to compare activities (both single and collective) with the professors. Drawings on computer support, hand drawings, physical models, three-dimensional drawings and reports are requested from the student along the term. For purposing a single student’s assessment some exercises are expected to be conducted individually in class so as to verify a personal path of learning. Structural mechanics The course is delivered through lectures, classroom exercises and revisions of project documents. The course will take advantage of a dedicated web 2.0 server for the improvement of the study at home. The server will provide interactive applications, periodic tests for self-assessment, a social forum for the interaction among students, professors or assistants, and a framework for wiki collaborative activities.
Introduction Students will be working either individually or in small groups (according to the nature of the proposed exercise). The teaching program will consist both in theoretical lessons and learning-by-doing activities carried out through workshops, and individual, group and collective reviews intended as opportunities for self-evaluation. Teaching materials and projects will be shared on the official website of PoliTO or in a specific one. Visits to the building site and built works may be included in the teaching program. A presentation of the students’ projects to external critics and reviews of invited professors and professionals, are also expected in order to promote a critical confrontation. Architectural and Urban Design Work in class is organized in a theoretical part and a practical part. During the theoretical part lectures and readings are alternate in the weeks, while thematic design exercises are provided in the practical part with a process based on: exercise explanation, review, recognition of questions for other disciplines, collective check and evaluation sessions. Architectural Technology Teaching activities are organized through frontal lectures, videos, assisted exercises and external contributions as well as through a learning-by-doing method. Students work individually and in small groups in relation to activities planned. Joint reviews are planned in order to compare activities (both single and collective) with the professors. Drawings on computer support, hand drawings, physical models, three-dimensional drawings and reports are requested from the student along the term. For purposing a single student’s assessment some exercises are expected to be conducted individually in class so as to verify a personal path of learning. Structural mechanics The course is delivered through lectures, classroom exercises and revisions of project documents. The course will take advantage of a dedicated web 2.0 server for the improvement of the study at home. The server will provide interactive applications, periodic tests for self-assessment, a social forum for the interaction among students, professors or assistants, and a framework for wiki collaborative activities.
Architectural and Urban Design P. Von Meiss, Elements of Architecture. From Form to Place - Tectonics, Lausanne, EPFL Press 2013 (1st ed. 1998) K. Frampton, Studies in Tectonic Culture. The Poetics of Construction in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Architecture, Cambridge (MA) – London, MIT Press, 1995 A. Muttoni, The Art of Structures: Introduction to the Functioning of Structures in Architecture, Lausanne, EPFL Press, 2011 M. Salvadori, Why Buildings Stand Up. The Strength of Architecture, New York, W. W. Norton & Company, 1980 M. Levy, M. Salvadori, Why Buildings Fall Down. How Structures Fail, New York, W. W. Norton & Company, 1992 Architectural Technology V. Bokalders, M. Block, The Whole Building Handbook. How to Design Healthy, Efficient and Sustainable Buildings, London, Earthscan, 2010 F.D.K. Ching, M. Mulville, European Building Construction Illustrated, Hoboken, Wiley, 2014 A. Deplazes (ed), Constructing Architecture: materials, processes, structures. A Handbook, Basel, Birkhäuser, 2013, 3rd ed. E. Allen, P. Rand, Architectural detailing: Function, constructibility, aesthetics, Hoboken, Wiley, 2016, 3rd ed. E. Allen, J. Iano, Fundamentals of building construction: Materials and methods, Hoboken, Wiley, 2014, 6th ed. Structural mechanics Slides and handouts are available on the course webpage. Books: A. Carpinteri, Structural Mechanics Fundamentals, CRC Press, 2013 F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnston, J.T. DeWolf, Mechanics of Materials (SI Units), McGraw-Hill, 2017 M. Salvadori, R. Heller, Structure in Architecture. The Building of Buildings, Prentice Hall, 1975 Exercises (in Italian): M. Bertero, S. Grasso, Complementi ed esercizi di scienza delle costruzioni, Torino, Levrotto & Bella, 1984 E. Viola, Esercitazioni di scienza delle costruzioni, Bologna, Pitagora Editrice , 1985-1994 Further references will be provided by teachers during the Studio and will be made available through the web.
Architectural and Urban Design P. Von Meiss, Elements of Architecture. From Form to Place - Tectonics, Lausanne, EPFL Press 2013 (1st ed. 1998) K. Frampton, Studies in Tectonic Culture. The Poetics of Construction in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Architecture, Cambridge (MA) – London, MIT Press, 1995 A. Muttoni, The Art of Structures: Introduction to the Functioning of Structures in Architecture, Lausanne, EPFL Press, 2011 M. Salvadori, Why Buildings Stand Up. The Strength of Architecture, New York, W. W. Norton & Company, 1980 M. Levy, M. Salvadori, Why Buildings Fall Down. How Structures Fail, New York, W. W. Norton & Company, 1992 Architectural Technology V. Bokalders, M. Block, The Whole Building Handbook. How to Design Healthy, Efficient and Sustainable Buildings, London, Earthscan, 2010 F.D.K. Ching, M. Mulville, European Building Construction Illustrated, Hoboken, Wiley, 2014 A. Deplazes (ed), Constructing Architecture: materials, processes, structures. A Handbook, Basel, Birkhäuser, 2013, 3rd ed. E. Allen, P. Rand, Architectural detailing: Function, constructibility, aesthetics, Hoboken, Wiley, 2016, 3rd ed. E. Allen, J. Iano, Fundamentals of building construction: Materials and methods, Hoboken, Wiley, 2014, 6th ed. Structural mechanics Slides and handouts are available on the course webpage. Books: A. Carpinteri, Structural Mechanics Fundamentals, CRC Press, 2013 F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnston, J.T. DeWolf, Mechanics of Materials (SI Units), McGraw-Hill, 2017 M. Salvadori, R. Heller, Structure in Architecture. The Building of Buildings, Prentice Hall, 1975 Exercises (in Italian): M. Bertero, S. Grasso, Complementi ed esercizi di scienza delle costruzioni, Torino, Levrotto & Bella, 1984 E. Viola, Esercitazioni di scienza delle costruzioni, Bologna, Pitagora Editrice , 1985-1994 Further references will be provided by teachers during the Studio and will be made available through the web.
Modalità di esame: test informatizzato in laboratorio; prova orale obbligatoria; elaborato grafico individuale; elaborato grafico prodotto in gruppo; progetto individuale; progetto di gruppo;
Introduction The final mark is the arithmetic mean of the evaluations by the three disciplines of the atelier. Pass marks in all disciplines are required in order to pass the final examination. Each discipline expresses its own evaluation based on the group design outcomes as well as the learning process and knowledge acquired by individuals. Final exams will consist in both a presentation and discussion of the design drawings and reports, and a written and/or oral test. Architectural and Urban Design Students work individually (even if organized in teams of around 9/10 to improve their skill in collaborating with each other). The collection of the six exercises will make up an “Album/Portfolio” of each student which will be evaluated during the final exam’s interview. The final evaluation/score will keep in consideration synthetic evaluations given to each exercise during the semester. The interview will evaluate three skills: awareness of constructive process, capability in reading a simple architectural artifact, identification of the main structural problem in a building solution. Architectural Technology Final exams as well as intermediate deliveries will consist in the presentation and discussion of the requested materials. The evaluations of the intermediate deliveries, of the level of critical taking part to the learning activities and of the final work will contribute in the final mark count. Structural mechanics The knowledge and skills of the individual student are assessed through a test consisting of 30 closed-ended questions, lasting an hour, to be held at the Laib. In order to gain access to the final examination of the studio, it is necessary to achieve the test sufficiency. During the final examination, the structural content of the studio project carried out by each student/group is evaluated, even through partial marks given during the semester.
Exam: computer lab-based test; compulsory oral exam; individual graphic design project; group graphic design project; individual project; group project;
Introduction The final mark is the arithmetic mean of the evaluations by the three disciplines of the atelier. Pass marks in all disciplines are required in order to pass the final examination. Each discipline expresses its own evaluation based on the group design outcomes as well as the learning process and knowledge acquired by individuals. Final exams will consist in both a presentation and discussion of the design drawings and reports, and a written and/or oral test. Architectural and Urban Design Students work individually (even if organized in teams of around 9/10 to improve their skill in collaborating with each other). The collection of the six exercises will make up an “Album/Portfolio” of each student which will be evaluated during the final exam’s interview. The final evaluation/score will keep in consideration synthetic evaluations given to each exercise during the semester. The interview will evaluate three skills: awareness of constructive process, capability in reading a simple architectural artifact, identification of the main structural problem in a building solution. Architectural Technology Final exams as well as intermediate deliveries will consist in the presentation and discussion of the requested materials. The evaluations of the intermediate deliveries, of the level of critical taking part to the learning activities and of the final work will contribute in the final mark count. Structural mechanics The knowledge and skills of the individual student are assessed through a test consisting of 30 closed-ended questions, lasting an hour, to be held at the Laib. In order to gain access to the final examination of the studio, it is necessary to achieve the test sufficiency. During the final examination, the structural content of the studio project carried out by each student/group is evaluated, even through partial marks given during the semester.


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