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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2016/17
01MUVMK
Optimal use and safety of energy plants
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Energy Engineering - Torino
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
De Salve Mario ORARIO RICEVIMENTO     87 33 0 0 2
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ING-IND/19
ING-IND/19
3
9
F - Altre attività (art. 10)
B - Caratterizzanti
Altre conoscenze utili per l'inserimento nel mondo del lavoro
Ingegneria nucleare
Subject fundamentals
The objectives of the course are:
to give a clear understanding of the operation of a standard power plant and to provide the cognitive elements and functional characteristics of the production facilities of heat and electricity by heat;
to introduce the themes of safety and environmental impact related to the different life phases and management of the energy systems;
to introduce the basics of energy sources economics and to provide an overview and a full description of some of the main analysis tools for assessing the energy and environmental performances of energy systems
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the students should:
- know the structural and functional characteristics of the thermal power plants for the production of electricity, the main components and the cycle of the fuels used and be able to properly use computational techniques in the evaluation of the performance of thermal power plants;
- understand and analyse the logical path of an Environmental Impact Report and the techniques and methodologies for the evaluation of change of the environmental components dues to the various operation phases of energy systems, with particular regard to emissions of pollutants in atmosphere;
- be able to find and use statistics on energy and environmental performances of different countries; recognize retail products with a low environmental impact and be able to solve simple optimisation exercises.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Fundamentals of Chemistry, Applied Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer, Thermoydraulics and thermo-fluiddynamics.
Contents
Thermoelectric plants (20 hours):
- Perspective on the need of thermal power in the context of the world energy problems; energy resources, production and consumption;
- Overview of Electrical production in Italy
- Steam Power Plant: fossil fuel boiler for electric power.
- Steam generation, steam power cycles, basic power plant design, energy cost production evaluation
- Boilers, superheaters, reheaters, balance of plant equipment
- Boiler Auxiliaries

Safety and environmental impact (60 hours)
- Fundamentals of environmental impact: effects of anthropic activities on the environment; environmental sustainability of the territory; types of environmental impacts, components and impact factors; environmental compatibility requirements of an industrial plant.
- European and Italian Legislation on the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA); Environmental Impact Report (EIR) format, methods for the identification of significant impact and impact chains
- Environmental indicators
- Global environmental themes: greenhouse effect, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rains: causes and effects, European and Italian Legislation, time behaviour of their indicators.
- Air quality and atmospheric pollutants (PM10, CO, SOx, NOx, C6H6): health effects, limit values, and behaviour of correlated indicators
- Techniques to reduce SOx and NOx emissions from large combustion plants
- Evaluation of the concentration of atmospheric pollutants: dispersion models
- Acoustic noise and noise pollution: fundamentals, Laws governing noise, contents of a study of acoustic impact
- Fundamentals of safety analysis: Risk perception and acceptance, prevention and mitigation measures. Qualitative and quantitative techniques used in the safety analysis (Event Tree, Fault Tree).
Rational use of energy (40 hours)
- World energy outlook: data sources (IEA, OECD, BP')
- Energy systems evolution dynamics: de-materialisation and de-energisation of the economies
- Evaluation of the energy demand (Silvestri).
- Introduction to the logistic (Volterra)
- Multiple competition, Fischer-Pry transformation, Kondratiev cycles
- Penetration of the energy sources (Nakicenovic)
- Description of an energy system; the RES (Reference Energy System)
- The Italian Energy Plan (PEN ' Piano Energetico Nazionale): objectives, actions and resources.
- Elements of linear programming
- The energy planning: energy modelling
- Analysis of the thermal demand of an area, the load curve, the economic characterisation of a technology
- Externalities: the Impact Pathway methodology. Externality evaluation.
- EBAMM database and biofuels
Delivery modes
Exercises and reports dealing with the main subjects of the course and analysis of the Environmental Impact Report (EIR) of existing plant.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
- Lectures’ notes.
- Babcock & Wilcox, Steam, its generation and use, Edited. S. C. Stultz and j. B. Kitto, Babcock & Wilcox Company, 1992
- Kumar Rayaprolu, BOILERS for POWER and PROCESS, (2009) CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, 6000 Broken Sound Parkway NW, Suite 300, Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742, International Standard Book Number-13: 978-1-4200-7537-3 (Ebook)
- V. Ganapathy, Industrial Boilers and Heat Recovery Steam Generators. Design, Applications, and Calculations, ABCO Industries, Abilene, Texas, U.S.A.,(2003) Marcel Dekker, Inc. ISBN: 0-8247-0814-8
Assessment and grading criteria
The exam consists of a written test including both numerical exercises and theoretical open questions and oral examination.

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2016/17
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