|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2017/18|
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Design And Visual Communication - Torino
The Laboratory, a multidisciplinary, is aimed at the knowledge of the techniques and tools of representation for the design project. Introduces and integrates the scientific approach to the representation - according to the principles of projective and descriptive geometry - with graphic-visual techniques and digital manual activities necessary for the designer, and with those specific to the construction of real and virtual models of the artifact, existing or planned.
The Laboratory offers various cultural approaches to the representation of the project, with their languages, methods and tools, in order to direct the student, through shared tracks and objectives, towards a conscious and appropriate use of the representation for design artifacts.
It is structured in lectures and exercises evenly divided among the following courses: Fundamentals and applications of descriptive geometry, Design drawing; Real and virtual modelling (two-dimensional and three-dimensional). It's half-year and placed in the 1st year, 1st semester.
Expected learning outcomes
Integrated skills that are intended to provide students are guided by a polytechnic methodology of the representation, scientific and practical at the same time. The ability to acquire is the ability to make appropriate representation choices in relation to the objective of graphic communication, to the dimensional scale and context of the object represented and to the specific stage of the design process in which you are operating.
More specifically, it identifies the following objectives:
- Basic knowledge and skills in communication through sketched representation;
- Capacity in survey, with drafting of manuals eidotipi and digital restitution;
- Specific knowledge and skills in the use of different techniques and different tools of representation (for each discipline of the Laboratory);
- Reading skills, management and control of three-dimensional shapes using the tools of descriptive geometry;
- Organizational skills and communicative management of two-dimensional representation (project tables) and three dimensional (model);
- Ability to work in teams under the guidance of an integrated and multidisciplinary teaching
- Time management skills and resources
- Ability to present their work in public in Italian and English
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Attitude to manual drawing; basic knowledge of technical drawing, elements of visual communication; basic knowledge of computer equipment; attitude to manuality.
The laboratory is interdisciplinary and integrates the contributions of disciplines:
FUNDAMENTAL AND APPLICATIONS OF DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETRY (6 credits, 60 hours)
Providing the scientific basis (theoretical and practical) of the language of drawing meaning Drawing and geometry as "vision and conception of the world", from the theoretical basis to the practices undertaken: problems related to subjectivity and objectivity in the representation, critic knowledge of the existing (recognition of shapes and their representation), the demonstration of the project using descriptive geometry tools. The main topics covered are: Principles projective and descriptive geometry (5h); Orthogonal projections (25h); Axonometric projections (10h); Perspective projections (10h); Theory of shade and shadows (10h).
DESIGN DRAWING (6 credits, 60 hours)
It provides the cultural and technical tools for the representation / communication of formal, functional, expressive and product techniques. It is divided into two parts:
- The first (30h) is dedicated to the communication of the overall information of the product, in order to reflect their nature, size, usability and expressiveness through manual rendering techniques;
- The second (30h) is dedicated to the standardization and unification of technical drawing and representation with manual techniques and digital elements of the product detail, with particular attention to ISO standards, sections and functional dimensioning.
REAL AND VIRTUAL REPRESENTATION (6 CFU, 60 hours)
Provides the cultural and technical tools to effectively manage the relationship between two- and three-dimensional, real and virtual communication. It is divided into Theory of models (types and communicative ends) (12h), Construction of the real model (materials and processes) (18h), Digital graphics for communication (Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator) (15h), Digital design for two-dimensional technical representation (Autodesk Autocad) (15h).
The Laboratory consists of three disciplines (6 credits each) organized in lectures and short tutorials, to which is added a deepening given by the laboratory macro-exercise, in this case turning it on across the three disciplines. Each discipline is organized in lectures and tutorials and assessment activities, i.e. the classroom review and discussion (individual or collective) of processed works.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
Summary of the topics undertaken, copy of the slides and other material illustrated/used during the lessons (in paper and computer form), as well as documents used in the overall organisation of the teaching activities will be available on the teaching portal or supplied to the students directly in the classroom.
Some reference texts:
FOUNDATIONS AND APPLICATIONS OF DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETRY
- Docci M., Maestri D., Scienza del Disegno, Cittą Studi, Turin 2008
DESIGN DRAWING (part 1)
- Anceschi G., Monogrammi e figure, La Casa Usher, Florence-Milan 1981
- Baldeschi C., Il manuale del colore 2, Ikon Editrice, Milan 2004
- Munari B., Design e comunicazione visiva, Laterza, Bari 1968
- Colistra D., Il Disegno a mano libera per la conoscenza e il progetto, Aracne, Roma, 2012.
DESIGN DRAWING (part 2)
- Chirone E., Tornincasa S., Disegno Tecnico Industriale, vol. I e II, Ed. il Capitello, Turin 2006-2007
REAL AND VIRTUAL MODELLING
- Bagliani D., Architettura, Disegno, Scala grafica, Celid, Turin 1987
- Bistagnino L., Giordani M., Percorsi tra reale e virtuale, Celid, Turin 1995
- Polato P., Il modello nel design, Hoepli, Milan 2000.
- Ceccarelli N., Progettare nell'era digitale: il nuovo rapporto tra design e modello, Marsilio, Venice 2003.
Assessment and grading criteria
Regular attendance to lessons is required, also for the final grade that will be given in a single exam mark. The activities carried out will undergo intermediary evaluations, both mono-disciplinary and in seminars covering all subjects.
Exercises and evaluations
Fundamentals of Descriptive geometry: 1-Interpretation of the shape of object; 2- Geometric representation of a component of the object;
Drawing for design (part 1): 1- projections and sections; 2- Axonometry; 3- creative representations
Drawing for design (part 2): 1- ISO standards for projections; 2- ISO sections; 3- functional dimensioning
Real and virtual representation: three exercises, each year thought on the course, performed and delivered in the classroom with mark and comments. These assessments contribute to the formation of the final mark.
Laboratory activities are carried out by students individually or in groups depending on the discipline; each student will be given an individual result (expressed with a single grade), which will take into consideration the intermediary mono-disciplinary and seminar evaluations (written, oral, graphic), the evaluation of the presentation and discussion of the final examination papers and individual participation in the task and the group presentation.
Fundamentals of Descriptive geometry: the examination will be carried out individually by the student through a written test and the submission of his / her works. The mark will be given taking into account the outcome of the written test (2/6), the exercises carried out during the year (1/6), the final work (1/2). To pass the exam, all evaluations will be sufficient.
Drawing for Design (part 1): the examination will be carried out individually by the student through the submission of his / her works: the mark will be given taking into account the outcome of the exercises delivered during the course (1/3), and the final works (2/3).
Drawing for Design (part 2): the mark will be given taking into account the ability to choose and use the tools provided by the ISO standard for the representation of the details of the product (1/2) and for the functional design trough dimensioning.
Real and virtual modelling: the exam will take place through the presentation of a work in which the object is represented in two-dimension and through a real model (2/3), of the three exercises carried out during the course and a short video made in stop-motion.
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2017/18