|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2017/18|
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Design And Visual Communication - Torino
Within the multidisciplinary Laboratory, the student addresses the question of "how to do?" in developing a project, starting from a well-defined product category and a specific function. At the end of the course, the student will be able to deal with the design experience of HOW TO DO, compared to what already exists, starting from a specific brief that expresses a detailed request, paying particular attention to the choice of materials and technologies to be used
The laboratory is multidisciplinary, including contributions from various integrated technical-cultural field that aim to teach the problems linked to the design of products of "controlled complexity".
The design follows a performance and deductive methodology according to which a product is the implementation of a path that considers needs, pre-requirements, required performances, measure of the offered performances and services provided as parameters of evaluation.
The three courses will converge to share the second exercise.
The course lasts for six months and is held in the 1st year, 2nd teaching period.
Expected learning outcomes
Identifying such a laboratory-formed figure as the conscious designer, the skills he must acquire in order to resolve a wide range of design and process issues are aimed at defining a suitable and expressive product, through the knowledge and skills listed below:
- Knowledge in design culture, its methodologies and its phases
- Ability to distinguish productive and processing technologies
- Knowledge in design methodology for developing visual communication systems.
- Ability to make decisions in the awareness of his own role and responsibilities,
- Ability to apply design methodologies and manage the different phases of design process
- Ability to collect, analyse and interpret information from the context elaborating it independently; - Ability to efficiently manage time and resource,
- Ability to reflect on the ethical, social, cultural themes which are connected to the project;
- Ability to interact with the various cultures, disciplinary and professional areas that design connects;
- Ability to work in mono and multi-disciplinary teams;
- Ability to present his own work in front of an audience;
- Interest in innovation and multidisciplinary aspects, as well as keen in continual research in order to upgrade his own knowledge.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Established and certified knowledge in the field of:
- 2D and axonometric representation tools and techniques applied to design project (knowledge acquired in particular in the Representation Laboratory);
- history of architecture, design, visual communication (knowledge acquired in particular in the laboratory of History 1).
In the Concept Design interdisciplinary Laboratory, the students learn to control and manage the complexity of the design question of "How to do?" which, from year to year, can be applied to exercises on different themes, including those resulting from collaborations with external firms and other organisations.
Regular attendance is required. The laboratory is carried out in groups (maximum 3-4 per group), working to elaborate new products rich in cultural and expressive contents, and sustainable from a technical and productive point of view.
The disciplinary contributions are finalised thus:
DESIGN 1 (6 CFU, 60 hours)
The course is dedicated to identify and to face design project general problems, with product and communication skills, and to the application of the design methodology in developing a product that is culturally, expressively and technologically sustainable.
The course is organized in a first part, with theory lessons (2CFU) regarding:
- design culture principles;
- design methodology;
- design pre-requirements;
- project communications (construction of the project boards, use of models and prototypes,..)
and in a second part where 2 project exercises are proposed and developed regarding specific design themes identified among project fields that contemporarily involve product design and communication design cultures and skills.
The exercises are aimed to develop projects with a "reduced complexity", that nevertheless increases from the first to the second exercise, in which knowledge and skills acquired in the other two courses of the Laboratory will converge.
TECHNOLOGICAL CULTURE OF DESIGN (6 CFU, 60 hours)
The course highlights the technological aspects of design and it aims at providing a knowledge concerning methods and tools in order to understand the products feasibility and the relations with the cultural, environmental and productive contexts.
A 3 CFUs equivalent part of the course, is organized with theory lessons, which are aimed at giving to the students a problem-solving framework methodology for the development of a design activity. The themes are:
- Relationship between technology, culture, innovation (about 0.5 CFU);
- System analysis (about 0.5 CFU);
- Requirement-performance and meta-design theories (2 CFUs).
The acquisition of theory knowledge will be accompanied by practical applications in 3 activities (Exercises), which will be developed and discussed in classroom, in parallel to the theory lessons, by groups of 4 students each. In the Exercises, students will be asked to critically analyze some categories of products or objects according to the system analysis theory and the requirement-performance ratio. Furthermore, a 4th final Exercise will make students to apply the course theory contributions in the laboratory experience, integrating with the other disciplines. In fact, the needs-requirements-performances analysis, learned with the first three exercises, will support the design project, with particular attention to the deepening of technical and productive aspects. The 4th Exercise, which will be developed in the last part of the course, will also be the subject of the final exam discussion. The total commitment of the 4 exercises will be approximately 3 CFUs.
The acquisition of the knowledge of Technological Culture of Design will be also integrated through the reading of texts indicated during the lessons.
DESIGN MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES (6 CFU, 60 hours)
The Design Materials and Technologies course provides the technical-scientific tools that broaden the designer’s cultural bases allowing him to expertly manage the technical functions of the materials used and the potential of the transformation technology and put them at the service of the students’ creativity.
The course will consist of six training credits divided into two parts:
- 4 CFU on the Technology of Materials with reference to simple materials (metallic, ceramic and polymeric). This part introduces the designer to the main properties and the relationship between the material and performance (both technological and aesthetic).
In particular, the discussions carried out regard the following:
- Reference to the chemical elements, strong bonds (metallic, covalent/ionic) and weak bonds. Elastic deformation under stress: Stiffness and thermal expansion. Crystalline solids and amorphous solids, isotropy and anisotropy. Introduction to crystalline materials: interstitial and constitutional solid solutions; the line defects; the grain boundaries; 3D defects. Physical and chemical properties of materials (9h)
- :Mechanical properties: stress and deformation; elastic behaviour; elastic modulus; plastic behaviour. Hardness. Examples of exercises concerning mechanical properties. Thermal properties of materials: specific heat; conductibility and thermal diffusivity; thermal expansion; melting temperature; resistance to thermal shock. Examples of exercises on thermal properties (9h)
- Ceramic materials: traditional glass and ceramics. Structure, constituents, characteristics and production techniques, applications. (6h).
- Introduction to polymers. Properties of polymeric materials: physical and mechanical features. Thermoplastic and thermoset polymers: definition, properties and types. Production techniques and examples of polymeric materials. (6h).
- Techniques for processing metals. Shaping techniques. Processes for hot- and cold-shaping; : Joining technologies. Iron and its alloys. Classification and properties. (6h).
- Natural and synthetic composite materials. Wood and its properties. Types of manufacturing procedures in wood. Composite materials: definition and properties. Main properties and production technologies of polymer matrix composites (4h).
- 2 CFUwill be devoted to project works, in agreement to the other contributions involved in the Laboratory, focused on pratical application of the theory concepts related to material selection and corresponding production technologies useful for the applications.
The Laboratory’s activities, which will be proposed by the teachers of the various contributions, will be undertaken in different ways and will include lessons and disciplinary activities (4CFU) and multidisciplinary activities (2 CFU). These last activities analyse and verify in depth the previous acquired skills and will be carried out in particular in the multidisciplinary design exercise of the Laboratory.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
Summary of the topics discussed, copy of the powerpoint slides used during the lessons and documents to help the organisation of the group activities are available on the teaching portal.
Some reference texts:
- Lesson notes
- Didactic material used during the lessons and the exercises, edited by the teacher and freely accessible to the student on the didactic portal. The material incorporates updates as available.
- Germak C., edited by, Uomo centro del Progetto, Allemandi, Turin 2008
- Bozzola M., De Giorgi C., Germak C., Design per i beni culturali territoriali. Merchandising museale e artigianato, Celid, Turin, 2012
- Tamborrini P., Design Sostenibile, Electa, Milan 2008
- Bassi A., Il design anonimo in Italia, Electa, Milan 2006
- Munari B., Da cosa nasce cosa, Laterza, Roma 2002
- Jackson P., Folding techniques for designers: from sheet to form, Londra, Laurence King Publishing, 2013
- Ambrose G., Harris P., Il manuale del packaging, Zanichelli, Bologna, 2012
- Bozzola M. (edited by), easyEATING. Packaging sostenibile in carta per prodotti enogastronomici, Edizioni Dativo, Milan, 2011
- De Giorgi C., Germak C., MANUfatto_ArtigianatoComunitàDesign, Silvana Editoriale, Milan 2008
Technological Culture of Design
- Technological Culture of Design
- Ciribini G., Tecnologia e progetto, Celid, Torino, 1984
- Munari B., Da cosa nasce cosa. Appunti per una metodologia progettuale, Laterza, Bari, 1985.
- Belforte S. (a cura di), Tecnologia e cultura: argomenti di cultura tecnologica della progettazione, Quaderno n° 1, Celid, Torino, 1997.
- De Bono N., Il pensiero laterale, BUR Rizzoli, Milano 1997.
- Burdek B. E., Design, Storia, teoria e prassi del disegno industriale, Gangemi, Napoli, 2008.
- Formia E., Peruccio P.P., Storie e cronache del design, Allemandi, Torino, 2012.
- Trabucco F., Design, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino, 2015.
Materials and Technologies for Design
- Cigada A., Del Curto B., Frassine R., Fumagalli G., M Levi., Marano C., Pedeferri M. P., Rink M., MATERIALI PER IL DESIGN. Introduzione ai materiali e alle loro proprietà, CEA, Milan 2009.
- Ashby M., Kara J. Materiali e Design - l'arte e la scienza della selezione dei materiali per il progetto, CEA, Milan 2005.
- Rob Thompson, Il manuale per il design dei prodotti industriali, Materiali, tecniche, processi produttivi, edited by Carlo Martino, Sabrina Lucibello, edizioni Zanichelli, 2012.
Assessment and grading criteria
Regular attendance to all the courses of the Laboratory is required, also for the final grade that will be given in a single exam mark. The activities carried out will undergo intermediary evaluations, both mono-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary, in seminars covering all courses.
With reference to the Design 1 course, the exercises will contribute to the final evaluation calculation with these different values: 35% of the total value will be attributed to the first exercise, 55% to the second, 10% to the oral interview concerning the theoric part of the course.
Technological Culture of Design
Concerning the Technological Culture of Design 6 CFUs, the individual evaluation will take into account:
- the 4 Exercises average evaluation, for 70%;
- individual oral exam of the theory contents,, for 30% (1-2 questions to each student are expected during the final examination).
Students will have access to the final exam only if they have the sufficiency in all the 4 Exercises (the evaluations will be communicated before the final exam).
Materials and Technologies for Design
For the Materials and Technologies for Design course there will be a written exam, aimed to verify knowledge understood during lessons concerning the above-described programme. The written exam consists in tests and exercises, to be performed in one hour without text or other supporting materials. In addition, the project works carried out during lessons will be resumed in a technical report, presented by student teams, aimed to verify understood theoretical knowledge through practical exercises. Each student will be evaluated through an individual judgement, defined by the written exam, and a team judgement concerning the technical report. Each contribution will be evaluated at minimum with passing grade to obtain the judgement related Materials and Technologies for the design course. In the final laboratory exam the student obtain an individual evaluation of sufficient in the three disciplines.
The intermediary evaluations of the exercices developed by the 3 courses of the Laboratory will go towards the final grade, based on the presentation and discussion of the final boards, sheets and documents (written and graphic materials, models). Laboratory activities are carried out by students in groups, but each student will be given an individual result (expressed with a single mark), which will take into consideration the intermediary mono-disciplinary and seminar evaluations (written, oral, graphic..), the evaluation of the presentation and discussion of the final examination materials and the individual participation in the task and in the presentation moments.
The final evaluations of the three courses will be equally considered (1/3 each) in the calculation of the complexive final mark.
To be admitted to the Laboratory exam, students must have received a individual positive final evaluations of sufficient in the three courses of the Laboratory.
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2017/18