|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2012/13|
Describing, Analysing , Interpreting (Studio)
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Territorial, Urban, Environmental And Landscape Planning - Torino
The Studio has the general goal to develop the awareness that city and territory are terms that can be used for defining either physical and environmental systems (natural and man-processed) or economic, social and cultural systems in which the actors (individual and collective, private and public) interact according to different formalities (conflict and/or cooperation).
The Studio has therefore an interdisciplinary character and it intends to introduce the student to the problematic relationship between representation processes, socio-economic and cultural-historical processes and process of territorial modification and transformation, with the goal to understand the importance of the interdisciplinary interpretative syntheses (the "structural interpretations of the territory").
The studio, besides furnishing theoretical-methodological tools of base, puts the student directly in front of a portion of territory (also vast) covered by plans and projects, which is a case study to analyze, interpret and represent.
Expected learning outcomes
• Knowledge of the basic conceptual tools for understanding the complexity of spatial phenomena and processes that have determined their structure and qualitative and quantitative characteristics;
• Ability to use techniques for representing physical and environmental settlements, landscape, historical and cultural, economic and social aspects of the city and the territory;
• Ability to organize a group work;
• Ability to develop a complex synthesis starting from diverse information.
- consists of 14 multidisciplinary credits which are strongly related to each other;
- it takes place in the 2nd semester of the first year of study;
- it focuses on a case study including some municipalities located in the North-Western part of Turin Metropolitan Area. This area is rich in natural and landscape resources, history and culture, urban settlements and infrastructures, and it has been interested by remarkable transformation dynamics in the past and recently as well.The methodological commitment of the Studio is to connect constantly forms and processes, objects and contexts, within a systemic, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approach. For this purpose professors from different disciplines provide their direct participation to the different activities of the Studio.
Students are invited to visit the area that is analysed in the Studio.
1. Analysis of the settlement and infrastructure system (6 credits)
- definition of the field: polyvalence of terms such as landscape, environment, territory;
- introduction to the concept of complexity;
- the role of knowledge in planning: objectivity and subjectivity of knowledge, understanding and change;
- The description of the territory
- introduction to analytical procedures: the tools of analysis (data, information, variables, indicators), the sources of information (legal, statistical, bibliographic, cartographic, etc..);
- analysis and interpretation of physical characteristics and processes of change: natural and anthropic factors (elements of landscape ecology), land use and buildings, infrastructure systems, urban and territorial morphologies;
- analysis and representation: specialized and sector approaches, holistic synthesis; techniques and types of representation
- structural interpretation of the territory.
2. History and interpretation of spatial processes (4 credits)
The module provides conceptual and operational approaches for the understanding and interpretation of the historical territory, including the skills necessary to develop a sensitivity towards a correct analysis of the main historical sources. Settlements, architectures, infrastructures are also addressed as architectural and environmental heritage, that need planning actions, according to the degree course goals. The educational objectives are reflected in the contribution to the historical interpretation of the case study territory.
3. Geographic and economic factors in the development of the territory (4 credits)
The module aims at providing the basic theoretical and methodological instruments for understanding and describing the relationship between space and economy. This means:
- defining some basic concepts of urban and territorial economy (economies of scale, economies of agglomeration, economies of urbanization, infrastructure);
- presenting principles for the study of the localization processes of economic activities (agglomeration, accessibility, spatial interaction, hierarchy and competitiveness);
- addressing some fundamental issues that characterize the economic and territorial dynamics (land rent and regional development dynamics).
Students work in groups of 3-4 people on average, applying to part of the territory of the case study the disciplinary methods presented during the lectures. They will work on pre-existing documentary material and information obtained directly from field visits and site inspections, and then they re-elaborate them using written, cartographic, photographic tools, according to the instructions given by professors.
Drafts of the documents are drawn up manually, the elaborate synthesis may be partially computerized, with elementary techniques for which a PC is sufficient and use of other facilities is not requested except for prints. In general, 1/3 of the time is for lectures, 1/3 for the preparation of the analytical part, 1/3 for the preparation of the synthesis.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
• - Cassatella C., Gambino R. (a cura di), 2005, Il territorio: conoscenza e rappresentazione, Celid, Torino.
Analysis of the settlement and infrastructure system:
- Airaldi L., 1988, L’analisi urbanistica, Clup, Milano
- Carbonara L., 1992, Le analisi urbanistiche: riferimenti e metodi, NIS, Roma, 1992
- Fabietti W., 2000, "Le analisi per il piano", in P. Avarello, Il piano comunale. Evoluzione e tendenze, Il Sole24Ore, Milano, pp. 291-488
- Gambino R., 1997, Conservare, innovare, Utet, Torino, pp. 16-43
- INU, 2008, Rapporto dal territorio 2007, Inu Edizioni, Roma
- Palermo P.C., 1992, Interpretazioni dell'analisi urbanistica, Franco Angeli, Milano
Geographic and economic factors in the development of the territory:
- Camagni R. (2008), Principi di economia urbana e regionale, Carocci, Roma.
- Storper M. (1997), "Le economie locali come beni relazionali", Sviluppo Locale, IV, 5, pp. 5-42
- Veltz P. (1998), "Economia e territori: dal mondiale al locale", in Perulli P. (a cura di), Neoregionalismo. L’economia arcipelago, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino.
Assessment and grading criteria
Students’ work is systematically controlled and discussed in order to verify in itinere the acquired knowledge. Occasionally control tests will be carried out.
The activity of the Studio result in a single exam. It consists of a text part and tables that will be discussed to verify the different disciplinary contributions. The final score takes into account also the results of the various activities concerning the different disciplinary contributions developed throughout the year.
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2012/13