|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2017/18|
Describing, Analysing , Interpreting (Studio)
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Territorial, Urban, Environmental And Landscape Planning - Torino
The Studio aims to increase the awareness not only of the physical and environmental dimensions of the city (considering human and non human agents), but also of the economic, social and cultural ones, in which actors (individual and collective, private and public) interact in different ways (e.g. through conflict and/or cooperation).
To attend this Studio requires new approaches to the integration of different knowledge and skills, also within the public administration.
This is an interdisciplinary Studio that presents the problematic relationship among representation processes, socioeconomic and historical-cultural processes, and processes of territorial transformation and change. Its primary aim is, thus, to teach the student the importance of interdisciplinary and interpretative synthesis, i.e. the "territorial structural interpretations".
The Studio provides theoretical-methodological tools to be used first in a case study, i.e. an area at the inter-municipal scale in which plans and projects to be analysed, interpreted, and represented are developed.
As regards the training of a territorial technician, it is necessary to underline that it is a "cultured" profession that requires the ability to use many dimensions of knowledge, as "a lot of culture" does not necessarily make a good planner, but certainly "a little amount of culture" does not allow a planner to practice well his/her job.
Expected learning outcomes
• Knowledge of basic conceptual tools to identify the elements that define the urban-territorial system;
• Knowledge of basic conceptual tools to understand the complexity of spatial (urban and territorial) phenomena and the processes that have produced their qualitative and quantitative structures and characteristics;
• Knowledge of basic techniques and operational approaches to analyse and to represent infrastructural, physical and environmental, landscape, historical and cultural, economic and social aspects;
• Ability to elaborate a complex synthesis from disciplinary information and disciplinary phenomena;
• Ability to organize a team work;
• Ability to display the results of the analysis and interpretation process in a mature and lexically appropriate way.
The training process aims to provide:
• Some basic disciplinary concepts;
• A "reading method" for city and territory that can be generally applicable. It becomes the reference model to be reproduced at different scales and according to different needs;
• Some basic concepts to build a critical consciousness.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
• Ability to understand the main typologies of maps used in spatial planning on the basis of the insights gained from the first semester.
• Knowledge of the basics of urban planning gained from the first semester.
• Basic knowledge of physical geography and history, similarly gained from the first semester.
• Basic knowledge of manual graphical representation techniques.
• Ability to acquire information from different sources, i.e. libraries, archival sources, web, institutional database.
The Studio is based on 14 multidisciplinary credits (Analysis of the Settlement and Infrastructure System 6 CFU, History and Interpretation of Territorial Processes 4 CFUs, Geographic and Economic Factors in Cities and Regions Development 4 CFUs), strongly related and to be understood as integrated and not as sectorial.
The Studio will take place in the II semester and it will focus on a case study, regarding a number of municipalities located in the northeast of the Torino metropolitan conurbation, around the municipality of Settimo Torinese. The area is characterized by the proximity to the metropolitan and regional capital, by an urban and infrastructural system characterized by significant transformation dynamics both in the past and in the last decades, and by a rich set of natural, landscape, historical and cultural resources.
The methodological aspect that characterize the teaching activities consists in the commitment to constantly link forms and processes, objects and contexts with systemic, interdisciplinary and trans-disciplinary vision.
For this reason, the direct participation of professors from different disciplines is planned during the Studio activities. Furthermore, surveys of the study area will support the teaching and learning phases.
Module: Analysis of the Settlement and Infrastructural System
• Field definition: versatility of the terms landscape, environment, and territory. Reflections on the relationship between signifier and meaning.
• Introduction to the notion of complexity and its relationship with the territorial government.
• Introduction to analytical procedures: analysis’ tools (data, information, variables, indicators) and information sources (legislative, statistical, bibliographical, cartographic, etc.).
• The role of knowledge concerning spatial planning: objectivity and subjectivity of knowledge.
• Knowledge and change: the resilience of the territories.
• Knowledge and description of city and territory.
• Analysis and interpretation of physical characters and transformation processes: natural and anthropic factors (landscape ecology elements); use of soil and buildings; public space; typologies of urban and territorial morphologies; infrastructural systems.
• Analysis and representation of the territory: sectorial and specialized approaches and holistic inter-disciplinary and trans-disciplinary approaches; Techniques and typologies of representation.
• Structural interpretation of the territory.
Module: History and Interpretation of Territorial Processes
• Tools for the analysis of territories and settlements: historical sources.
• Historical cartography and territory interpretation.
• Cadastre definition processes and geometric representation of economic phenomena.
• Analysis and interpretation of transformation characters and processes: primary infrastructure, land use, relationships between anthropic phenomena and functional choices, ideal programs and formal solutions
• The historical structure of the territory: decryption of the obvious, latent or dispersed traces of cultural phenomena
• The construction of thematic maps for the representation of the historical structure of the territory
Module: Geographic and Economic Factors in Cities and Regions Development
The module intends to provide basic theoretical-methodological tools for understanding and describing the relationship between space and economic system.
Therefore it will:
• Define some basic concepts that characterize the study of the urban and territorial economy (economies of scale, agglomeration economies, urbanization economies, infrastructures);
• Address some fundamental issues that characterized economic and territorial dynamics (urban land-use revenue and the dynamics of regional development);
• Analyse the socioeconomic relations of a territory through the collection and interpretation of statistical data and the resulting elaboration of basic indicators.
Teaching is organized in lessons and exercises carried out by students (in the classroom or in fieldwork) both in individual and group form. The latter is composed on average of 3-4 people.
Learning activities include:
• Fieldwork analysis and cartographic media skills application in the study area,
• Text reading and video viewing,
• Use of debating skills within the group and with experts,
• Practice of interpretation skills,
• Production of reports and cartographic elaborations.
Learning activities are applied to the case study and are intended to test the disciplinary methodologies that will be presented during lessons and that are based on pre-existing documentary materials and information obtained directly from visits and surveys on the study area. This information will then be used in elaborations (written, cartographic, photographic, etc.) according to the instructions provided by the professors.
Drawings have to be manually produced, while texts and essays will be produced with common writing softwares for which a personal laptop is sufficient, thus not requiring the use of Labs except for printing maps or essays.
In general, 1/3 of the Studio will regard the presentation of themes and methodologies, 1/3 the analytical part, 1/3 the synthesis part.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
Module: Analysis of the settlement and infrastructural system
Campos Venuti G. e Oliva F. (a cura di) (1993), Cinquant'anni di urbanistica in Italia. 1942-1992, Laterza, Bari. [Cap. 1]
Cassetti R. (2014), La città compatta. Dopo la postmodernità. I nuovi codici del disegno urbano, Gangemi Editore, Roma. [Cap. 4, 5, 6, 7]
Dolcetta B., Maguolo M., Marin A. (2015), Giovanni Astengo urbanista. Piani progetti opere, Il Poligrafico, Padova.
Gambino R. (2005), "Le sintesi interpretative" in Cassatella C., Gambino R. (a cura di) (2005), Il territorio: conoscenza e rappresentazione, Celid, Torino, pp. 89-95
INU (2016), Rapporto dal Territorio 2016, Inu Edizioni, Roma. [http://www.inu.it/librinu/rapporto-dal-territorio/].
ISTAT (2017), Forme, livelli e dinamiche dell’urbanizzazione in Italia, Roma [http://www.istat.it/it/files/2017/05/Urbanizzazione.pdf].
Saccomani S. (2005), "Conoscenza e pianificazione", in Cassatella C., Gambino R. (a cura di) (2005), Il territorio: conoscenza e rappresentazione, Celid, Torino, pp. 96-112.
Calvino I. (1993), Le città invisibili, Oscar Mondadori, Milano.
Gabellini P. (2001), Tecniche urbanistiche, Carocci, Roma.
Gambino R. (1997), Conservare, innovare, UTET, Torino, pp. 16-43.
During the teaching period, students are provided with additional study material and synthesis of the lessons through the Teaching Portal.
Module: History and Interpretation of Territorial Processes
POLITECNICO DI TORINO, DIPARTIMENTO CASA-CITTÀ, Beni culturali ambientali nel Comune di Torino (responsabile scientifico della ricerca Vera Comoli), 2 voll., Società degli Ingegneri e degli Architetti in Torino, Torino 1984.
COMOLI V., La struttura storica del territorio regionale, in Longhi A., La storia del territorio per il progetto del paesaggio, collana "Temi per il paesaggio", Regione Piemonte, L’Artistica, Savigliano 2004, pp. 13-15.
DEVOTI C., DEFABIANI V., Analisi storico territoriale, in A. Peano (a cura di), Fare paesaggio: dalla pianificazione di area vasta all'operatività locale, Alinea, Firenze 2011, pp. 215-224.
DEVOTI C., I detentori della "langue de la terre": misuratori, topografi e cartografi del Regno Sardo (1683-1860)/Les détenteurs de la "langue de la terre": mesureurs, topographes et cartographes du Royaume de Sardaigne (1683-1860), in La Vallée d'Aoste sur la scène. Cartografia e arte del governo, 1680-1860, Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta, 24 Ore cultura, Milano 2011, pp. 53-59.
DEVOTI C., Carte tematiche e struttura del territorio, in Barosio M., Trisciuoglio M., I paesaggi culturali. Costruzione, promozione, gestione, Egea, Milano 2012, pp. 57-78.
DEVOTI C., Le trasformazioni della struttura territoriale nell'area del Parco della Val Grande. Persistenze e variazioni a partire dai catasti storici, in Cassatella C. (a cura di), Il territorio del Parco Nazionale Val Grande come laboratorio di lettura e interpretazione diacronica del paesaggio, Parco Nazionale Val Grande 2016, pp. 94-108 e relative note a fondo dell’intero volume.
During the teaching period, students are offered, via the Teaching Portal, additional materials for study and/or synthesis of lessons and, where possible, the essays themselves.
Module: Geographical and Economic Factors in the Development of the Territory
Memoli M., Rossignolo C. (2011), "Economia, società e cambiamento urbano", in F. Governa, M. Memoli (a cura di), Geografie dell'urbano. Spazi, politiche, pratiche della città, Carocci, Roma, pp. 109-146.
Dematteis G., Lanza C. (2011), "Funzioni e crescita delle città", in G. Dematteis, C. Lanza, Le città del mondo. Una geografia urbana, UTET, Torino, pp. 83-108.
Dematteis G., Lanza C. (2011), "Valore del suolo, trasporti e forma della città", in G. Dematteis, C. Lanza, Le città del mondo. Una geografia urbana, UTET, Torino, pp. 147-178.
Assessment and grading criteria
Verification of learning takes place through systematic teaching-learning dialogue, assessment of individual and collective feedback, evaluation and subsequent discussion of exercises.
Occasionally, tests can be carried out by professors of the different modules.
The activity carried out in the Studio is the subject of a single "Final Examination Test" consisting of a written essay (Report) and some tables that will be discussed during the final oral exam (with questions referring to theoretical themes of the three Didactic Modules). The Report and related tables should be prepared to allow the verification of the acquisition of the various disciplinary contributions.
The different disciplines will contribute to the formation of a single final mark, in proportion to their weight regarding CFU. The final mark takes into account the various activities carried out throughout the development of the Studio in the different disciplinary contributions, as well as the participation and the level of maturation achieved in the elaboration of the "Final exam test" (assessed in terms of originality of the final results, level of in-depth analysis, autonomy in discussing the topics of the Studio, capacity of critical thinking).
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2017/18