|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2015/16|
History and criticism of regional cultural heritage
Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Territorial, Urban, Environmental And Landscape Planning - Torino
The course aims to provide students with a critical approach to the relationship between history, local cultural systems and landscape.
The issue of identifying cultural heritage on a regional scale is challenged by a preliminary excursus on the history of some key-concepts for the critical approach (monument historique, patrimoine, nature/environment/landscape, centri storici, cultural heritage, regional cultural systems, écomusées and open air museums, etc.), as defined by the cornerstones of the eighteenth and twentieth century literature, the political and legislative debates, and the analysis experiences connected to spatial planning at different scales.
In light of this historiographic framework, students will be asked to critically retrace their skills in the field of history of architecture and territory. This task will be developed through periodized interpretations of some processes of territorial and local cultural systems transformation, in an attempt to recognize the importance of a proper scientific evaluation of the historical heritage at regional level.
Expected learning outcomes
The student will gain an appropriate methodology and terminology, using the most important concepts and approaches of the historical disciplines in an updated and critical way, about a wide diachronic range. At the end of the course, the student will be able to use in operational terms the critical knowledge wich they have gained (i.e.: ability to read, interpret and set up historical analysis of the territory, and the ability to periodize main territorial transformation processes and cultural heritage).
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
A basic understanding of architectural history and history of the town in Western Europe and the Mediterranean basin is required. Also preliminary approach to urban history and to history of urban planning is welcome, in addition to the knowledge offered by the school education and the first degree.
Part I Historiography
From "monument" to "landscape": historiographical itinerary through key-concepts and terminology concerning the knowledge and the preservation of cultural heritage:
- renaissance’s roots of the culture of preservation at urban scale;
- historical culture of the Enlightenment; the history of art as a scientific discipline;
- debate about monuments and their context during French revolution and Napoleonic era;
- relationship between history of the art, architectural history and their methods in XIXth Century;
- debate about history and preservation at the beginning of XXth Century; the values of cultural heritage and the beginning of restoration disciplines;
- "urban cultural heritage" and urban planning;
- Italian debate about preservation of cultural heritage; the first laws of Italian Reign about art and landscape; the Constitution of Italian Republic;
- the debate about "centri storici" (urban historic centres) and the preservation of environment after WW II;
- the "Commissione Franceschini" (1964-1967), the concept of "bene culturale" and the institution of "Ministero dei Beni Culturali";
- history and territory: the "nouvelle histoire", material culture, rural history;
- approaches to history and preservation during the Seventies and the Eighties in Italy; urban analysis, typological studies;
- history and preservation of the landscape in contemporary international debate (European Convention of Landscape, Italian Code of Cultural heritage and Landscape)
Part II Methodology
Identification and periodization of cultural heritage and landscape, presented through recent case-studies of urban and regional planning (projects "Corona Verde" and first "Regional Landscape Plan" of Piedmont):
- methodological premises: historical sources and their interpretation; territitorialization of historic processes and identification of cultural heritage;
- Roman colonization, urbanization and infrastructures in ancient era; the definition of urban system and hierarchies at the end of Middle Age;
- Modern Era (ancien régime) and transformation of landscape during XIXth and XXth centuries;
- recent transformation of landscape, considered from the point of view of the knowledge and preservation of cultural heritage;
- synthesis of the methods presented and their consequences on urban and regional planning; identification and evaluation of cultural regional systems.
Part III Deepening
Personal critical interpretation of a case-study concerning relationship between history and regional planning.
Part I and II will be ex-cathedra lessons, followed by students’ questions and debate.
Part III will be held in seminar method (personal deepening of the student and public debate in classroom)
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
PART I: bibliography required:
- Andrea Longhi, La storia del territorio per il progetto del paesaggio, Savigliano 2004, pp. 17-24, 30.
- Françoise Choay, L'allegoria del patrimonio, Roma 1995 (Paris 1992, second edition Paris 2007), pp. 9-135 of italian edition.
- Salvatore Settis , Paesaggio, costituzione, cemento. La battaglia per l'ambiente contro il degrado civile, Torino 2010, pp. 83-281.
- Carlo Tosco, Il paesaggio come storia, Bologna 2007, pp. 53-82, 96-101.
- Per la salvezza dei beni culturali in Italia [...], Roma 1967, final report and main "dichiarazioni" [see materials in the portal, with "carta di Gubbio" and "carta di Venezia"].
- Andrea Longhi, Mauro Volpiano, Historical research as a tool for planning: perspectives and issues about the assessment of the cultural landscapes, in Living Landscape. The European Landscape Convention in research perspective, Conference Materials (18-19 October 2010, Florence), Florence-Pontedera 2010, vol. II, pp. 124-129 [portal].
About Bologna case-study and "centri storici": Filippo De Pieri, Un paese di centri storici: urbanistica e identità locali negli anni cinquanta-sessanta, in "Rassegna di Architettura e Urbanistica", vol. XLVI, n. 136 (2012), pp. 92-100. [portal]
PART I: suggested bibliography
About Piedmontese case-study:
- Mauro Volpiano, I paesaggi del Piemonte. Indagini alla scala regionale per l’interpretazione storica del territorio, in Territorio storico e paesaggio. Metodologie di analisi e interpretazione, ed. Mauro Volpiano, Torino-Savigliano 2012 (Quaderni del Progetto Mestieri Reali 3), pp. 134-151 [portal].
- Andrea Longhi, Interpretazioni storiche del paesaggio: luoghi per osservare e ri-significare il territorio che cambia, Ibid., pp. 110-133 (mainly 111-115 e 123-133) [portal].
PART II: bibliography required
- Andrea Longhi, La storia del territorio per il progetto del paesaggio, Savigliano 2004, pp. 27-63.
The dossier of "Progetto Corona Verde" is available on-line in the site http://www.ocs.polito.it/coronaverde07e.htm (Quaderno b. Inquadramento storico del territorio); documents of the Regional Landscape Plan are available on-line in http://www.regione.piemonte.it/sit/argomenti/pianifica/paesaggio/ppr.htm.
About cultural context of both the researches:
- Andrea Longhi, Stratificazione e processualità storica: interpretazione del paesaggio della 'Corona Verde' di Torino, in "Architettura del Paesaggio" – Overwiew, n. 20 (marzo/giugno 2009), cd-rom [portal].
- Andrea Longhi, Mauro Volpiano, Lacune, latenze e valenze nella struttura storica del territorio: le indagini per il Piano Paesaggistico Regionale del Piemonte, in"Architettura del Paesaggio" – Overwiew, n. 22 (gennaio/giugno 2010), pp. 443-467 [portal].
PART II: suggested bibliography
About historic sources and their interpretation: Carlo Tosco, Il paesaggio storico. Le fonti e i metodi di ricerca, Roma-Bari 2009, pp. 30-96, 165-267.
About land-registers and their analysis for landscape studies: Andrea Longhi, Dai catasti figurati ai catasti descrittivi? Letture regressive del territorio, in Matteo Panzeri e Angela Farruggia (eds.), Fonti, metafonti e GIS per l’indagine della struttura storica del territorio, Scuola di Specializzazione in Beni Architettonici e del Paesaggio del Politecnico di Torino – Celid, Torino 2009, pp. 61-70.
Bibliography of Part III will be defined with students during the last part of the course.
Assessment and grading criteria
Oral examination, with evaluation on a scale of 30 points, will be organized in three parts:
- discussion of a theoretical/methodological topic (part I): student will be asked to use correct terminology and a critical approach, in the frame of up to date historiography;
- presentation of urban and regional transformations during a historic period (part II), and identification of related cultural heritage
- third question will concern the personal deepening of a case-study, chosen by the student (part III)
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2015/16