|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2017/18|
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Territorial, Urban, Environmental And Landscape Planning - Torino
The subject aims to teach students the theoretical bases, techniques, methodologies and the main features of mobility and transport systems, from the traditional to the most innovative ones, as well as the fundamentals of the planning tools to manage them with a focus on sustainability issues.
Methods for organising and managing transport services, besides the numerical applications related to the operation of transport systems, including some economic aspects, will be explained.
An account on the different land planning tools aimed at mobility and at the organisation of transport services used by decision makers and stakeholders will be given, considering the different scales (from European Union to municipalities) and the interactions both among these tools and with the other land use planning tools.
Particular attention will be paid to the interaction between transport systems and land use, concerning (1) the effects that the land use and the settlements’ form have on transport demand generation and modal split, and (2) the impacts that different accessibility levels through both individual and public transport have on the evolution of different parts of cities and territories.
N.B.: It is possible for foreign students (Erasmus, Bilateral Agreement or Double Degree) to attend this subject. In the different part of this programme, when relevant, a specific organisation for such students will be highlighted and preceded by EN (English).
Expected learning outcomes
Once a student has successfully completed the subject, he is expected to have acquired the main competences - theoretical and practical - concerning the various transport modes, both for passengers and freight. He may acquire the basic knowledge related to the road traffic and to the transport systems and installations operating on a fixed guide-way; he may acquire, too, the capability to manage and choose transport systems and services (multimodal, intermodal and air transport systems are included in the subject, together with those installations which have the most innovative features, with a high automation), with some defined daily or hourly capacity and given performances, respecting the existing technical norms or standards. Moreover, he may acquire knowledge on the relationships between transport systems and mobility and land use distribution and transformation in a territory.
The theoretical knowledge acquired during the subject allows to know the functioning of transport systems through its services and mobility of people with and to develop: a) the ability to individuate the tools of transport planning and of urban planning (in their reciprocal interactions) to manage the mobility under the point of view of sustainability; b) the ability to deal with mobility within a complex framework where territory and environment interact with the transport systems and services; c) the ability to design a transport service; d) the ability to calculate the environmental, social and economical impacts and the related social costs.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Preferably, a basic knowledge of the basic elements of Maths, Mechanical Physics, transmission of energy and power. It is essential that the student is able to use spread sheets and word processing software as well as the GIS software; GIS software will be taught in the same semester within the course "Analisi urbanistiche e territoriali con strumenti GIS"". Basic knowledge of main regional and territorial planning tools is also required.
1. General outline of the transport field: energy issues and sustainability of modern transport systems, with a particular reference to road, metro, rail, intermodal systems, and to the new solutions for vehicular traffic, public and private; externalities in the environmental and safety fields. Classification of transport systems, both with unconstrained guidance and operating on a fixed guide-ways; evolution of transport systems, mobility and freight transport; public and private transport.
2. Surface transport systems:
- general introduction to each transport mode and areas of competiveness, costs, features, performances
- notes on mechanical traction, operation diagram, drive resistance for a surface vehicle; practical applications.
3. Road transport and related technologies
A. Bases on road facilities in uninterrupted and interrupted traffic flow conditions and related impacts:
- Parameters and models of traffic flow on road sections;
- Calculation of the roads’ capacity: Highway Capacity Manual (HCM); the Level of Service (LOS);
- Traffic conditions at road intersections, basic principles of traffic control (traffic-lights).
B. Basic elements on transport telematics and ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems) in road transport: systems and telematics technologies for transport systems; basic technologies (telecommunications; automatic vehicle location systems; automatic identification systems; traffic data collection and automatic passenger counting, traffic monitoring and automatic enforcement systems; geographical information systems); integration and application of electronics, computer sciences and telecommunication technologies in transport systems and related components.
C. Technical norms which influence traction and propulsion of road vehicles (Electric and hybrid vehicles and related emissions).
4. Transport systems operating on a fixed guide-way
- Performances and main parameters of a transport systems; operational features, consumption and energy efficiency, distancing among stops, commercial speed, frequency, capacity of vehicles and hourly capacity of a line;
- Hints on signaling and capacity of railways lines; automation; safety systems.
- Urban transport systems and metros; innovative transport systems;
- Scheduling and management of urban and metro transport services;
- Rail systems and tramways;
- Rope installations and related applications (elevators, ropeways, funiculars);
- Automated transport movers based on rope traction;
- Magnetic levitation systems.
5. Public transport services
- Traditional and dial-a-ride services, on road; car-pooling, car-sharing, bike sharing: notes;
- Quality of the transportation service.
6. Basic economic aspects related to transport systems: operational and management costs.
7. Multimdoal transport systems, parking and interchange areas.
8. Intermodal transport systems, for freight transport:
- Land intermodal systems and maritime transport, some bases
- Optimisation in distribution and transport.
9. Choice among transport installations and systems: logic process and application of multi-criteria analyses.
1. THE INTERACTION BETWEEN MOBILITY AND LAND USES (20 hours)
Driving factors in the generation of the mobility demand: journeys as a function of land uses.
The interrelation between the urban form and structure and the mobility patterns.
Demand travel management through land use planning.
The strategy of the 20 mph zones.
2. GUIDELINES FOR PLANNING SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY SYSTEMS (20 hours)
The main features of the present mobility demand at the national and European level.
Impacts of mobility on the environment, the society, the economy.
Push and pull measures for modal balancing.
The role of technological innovation.
Socio-cultural policies for sustainable mobility.
3. TRANSPORT AND MOBILITY PLANS (8 hours)
Tools and institutions for planning transports and mobility, from the European to the urban level, with particular attention to the "Piano urbano del traffico" and the "Piano urbano della mobilità".
During the exercises, numerical applications related to topics already encountered during lessons are carried out and solved.
An exercise (around 12 hours) will be carried out by groups of 4-5 students, about the analysis and integration of transport infrastructures and land uses around a station of the Metropolitan Railway System, according to the Transit Oriented Development approach.
EN: Tutoring and practical works during the course will be in English for foreign students. Lessons will given in Italian, but slides, specific tutoring and explanations will be given in English. Furthermore, topics of the lessons will be coherent with texts, readings and lecture notes as reported in the course programme.
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2017/18