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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2016/17
01PGLLZ
Enterprise economics and management/Aeronautic law and human factors and safety
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Aerospace Engineering - Torino
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
Brischetto Salvatore   A2 ING-IND/04 50 0 0 0 5
Cinefra Maria       30 20 0 0 2
Vietti Emmanuele ORARIO RICEVIMENTO     40 10 0 0 9
Vietti Emmanuele ORARIO RICEVIMENTO     40 10 0 0 9
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ING-IND/04
ING-IND/05
ING-IND/35
3
2
5
B - Caratterizzanti
B - Caratterizzanti
C - Affini o integrative
Ingegneria aerospaziale
Ingegneria aerospaziale
Attivitą formative affini o integrative
Subject fundamentals
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a United Nations specialized Agency, is the supreme authority for World civil aviation. ICAO works to achieve its vision of safe, secure and sustainable (economic) development of civil aviation through cooperation amongst its member States by universally accepted standards incorporated in the aviation legislation.
This course deals with an harmonic introduction of the economics/financials performances evaluation criteria for companies and air transport carriers, the role of safety and human factors in the company engineering activities and, finally, the European legislation structure concerning the aircraft operations and maintenance.
Expected learning outcomes
The course's objective is to let the students gain the following knowledge, hereafter described in more details for each of the three main subjects.
1) In general:
- Competencies are connected with being able to consider economic/financial issues on initiatives and management choices.
More specifically:
- being able to envisage effects on company financial statements
- being able to utilize different industrial accounting system in defining effects on product/services costs and values
- being able to set up product or process innovation initiatives considering life cycle period
2) The main cultural background that students have to acquire in the framework of safety for aerospace activities is:
- knowledge of the aviation authorities existing in Italy, Europe and worldwide;
- knowledge of the main standards and regulations existing for safety in airport activities (airport construction, managing and operation, ramp safety, bird-strike, fire fighting and rescue);
- awareness of the major initiatives and methods adopted to ensure safety in aviation activities (physical characteristics of airports, airport signage, services and airspace, flight safety and aircraft accident prevention, aircraft on-board emergency systems);
- knowledge of the influence of human factors on the safety of aeronautical activities.
3) The student's acquired knowledge about the EASA aviation legislation should be mainly focused on the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of organizations and personnel involved in these tasks.
More specifically:
- being able to describe the recent EASA regulations structure, with special reference to the aircraft maintenance in the field of the civil aviation;
- being able to outline the main requirements of the EASA regulations to be accomplished for the correct organization of the aviation maintenance, with particular reference to the training of the maintenance staff;
- being able to underline the possible weak points of the organization of an air carrier, or of an aviation maintenance company, allowing for growth and improved flight safety.
- Being able to identify the causes of the aviation incidents, manifesting awareness about the critical influence of the human factors on the maintenance activities, in relation to the occurrence of the above said incidents, and about the most frequent error types and how they can be avoided.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
No previous skills are required.
Contents

Programme - Aeronautic law and human factors (IND-IND/05) and safety (ING-IND/04)

Need to take into account the human factor, accidents attributable to human error, Murphy's Law. Human performance and limitations: vision, hearing, development and structuring of the information, attention and perception, memory, claustrophobia. Individual and group responsibility, motivation and de-motivation, pressure, problems related to culture, teamwork, management, leadership and supervision. Factors affecting performance: stress, health, pressure due to the timing and deadlines, workload, sleep and fatigue, alcohol, drugs and dressings. working environment: noise, lighting, temperature, vibration. Tasks: physical work, repetitive tasks, visual inspections, complex systems. Communication within and among the group, passing information. Human error: theories and models, most frequent types of errors during maintenance tasks, implications, handle the error. Dangers in the workplace.
Role of ICAO, ECAC, EASA, ENAC, the role of the member states. Relations with the European Union. relationships between Part 145, Part 147, Part 66, Part M, Part T: Regulation 1321/2014, relations with other civil aviation authorities. Detailed understanding of Part 145 and Part 66. Outline of regulations for operations according to the 965/2012 Regulation (operator's responsibility in the maintenance,
management, Aircraft Maintenance Programme, Aircraft Technical Log, maintenance records and log book, accident / occurrence reporting ). Aircraft Certification: CS 23/25/27/29, Part 21, Certification Specifications: CS-23/25; documents (certificate of airworthiness, certificate of registration on the noise certificate, scheduling weights). EASA-Maintenance. National and International requirements applicable for maintenance programs, check and maintenance inspections, MEL (Minimum Equipment List) and MMEL (Master MEL), DDL (Dispatch Deviation Lists), airworthiness directives, service bulletins, maintenance manuals , structural repair manual. ETOPS, maintenance and dispatch requirements, operations in low visibility conditions, by Category 2/3 operations and minimum equipment requirements; aircraft documents. Outline ICAO annex 19 and the SMS.
Security and safety concepts. Error management. Air traffic management. Aeronautics authorities. Rules for the use of unit of measure in civil aviation. Flight safety and prevention of aviation accidents and incidents. Air traffic control. Airport sign. Aeronautical ground lighting. Emergency systems. Structural safety. Bird strike phenomenology. Navigation safety and assistance. Aviation accidents/incidents analysis and relative technical reports.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
Slides and notes produced by professors.
Assessment and grading criteria
Aeronautic law and human factors and safety" examination will be in written form.
"Aeronautic law and human factors" is divided in two parts
20 multiple-choice questions, for Human Factors, and 30 multiple-choice questions for Aeronautic law. Duration of 30 minutes for Human Factors and 45 minutes for Aeronautic law; an open question for each part ("Aeronautic law" and "Human factors") with duration of 15 minutes.

"Safety" examination has 40 multiple-choice questions. The duration is 50 minutes.

The final grade will be the weighted summation of the three parts:
Final grade = 0.5*(Enterprise economics and management)+0.3*(Safety)+0.2*( Aeronautic law and human factors)

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2016/17
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