Politecnico di Torino
Anno Accademico 2017/18
History of early modern architecture
Corso di Laurea in Architettura (Architecture) - Torino
Docente Qualifica Settore Lez Es Lab Tut Anni incarico
Devoti Chiara ORARIO RICEVIMENTO A2 ICAR/18 60 0 0 0 1
SSD CFU Attivita' formative Ambiti disciplinari
ICAR/18 6 A - Di base Discipline storiche per l'architettura

The course aims to provide the student with an in-depth knowledge and a critical understanding of Early Modern Architectural History. In particular it will improuve his knowledge on: 1) periodization, 2) issues and problems from the Fifteenth to the mid-Eighteenth century, 3) notions of architectural literature, 4) recognition and critical understanding of selected buildings/projects and architect's careers. The analysis of significant architectures built between the Fifteenth and the first half of the Eighteenth century may be done through the study of different aspects such as: architect, client, form, structure, program, design, construction, physical and political context, historiography; together with the analysis of sites of special architectural, social or political interest (such as small "ideal" uthopistic towns, the capital cities of the Seventeenth century, etc.) and of structure-architectures (such as domes, a theme that runs throughout the period, from S. Maria del Fiore, to St. Peter's, to the Chapel of the Holy Shroud).
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
The principal learning outcomes are:
- General knowledge of architectural history and theory for the Early modern period; ability to correctly identify and place
architectural production in space and time, using an appropriate specific vocabulary.
- Knowledge of the methods of historical analysis of architectural heritage.
- Knowledge and understanding of the cultural, social, economic urban transformations for the concerned period.
- Ability to identify historical sources and to use them correctly.
- Ability to organize and correctly interpret data collected by historical analysis at different scales.
- Good exposition of different critical interpretations on the same monument/space.

Prerequisiti / Conoscenze pregresse

General knowledge of Italian and European Early Modern history is a prerequisite; furthermore at the beginnig of each section of the course a minimum of references will be given to introduce the topics of the lessons. The course also requires a general knowledge of Art history (at high school level) for the Ancient, Midle Ages and Early Modern periods. As the course is in the third year of the Bachelor Degree, the basic architectural vocabulary (parts of buildings, building elements, primary forms in the history of architecture, architectural orders) is also taken for granted.
The course, delivered in English and offered to international students coming from different countries and cultural areas, is an introduction to the history of Western Architecture from 1420 approx. to 1750: from the Italian Quattrocento, to a selection of themes and examples ranging from the XVI to the XVIII century, with an expanding geographical focus, in time, from Italy to Europe. The aim of the lessons is to provide the student with a solid cultural and historical background on the Architecture and Urban forms of the period, and also to expand his vocabulary and critical approach to Architecture in general.
The course will be devided between the two teachears not cronologically, but depending on topics and will be discussed together also organizing seminars with the presence of both. This solution aims to show the complexity of critical interpretation of Architectural and Urban phenomena and simulates a debate on History of Architecture related to the period covered by the course.
Specifically this will be the general delopment of the speaches and the value in hours of lessons:

- XV Century Architecture in Italy and its relations with Antiquity (20 hours)
Antiquity and Modernity: the heritage of Ancients and the formation of the Classical Language
The orders in Classical Architecture: from Vituvus to Leon Battista Alberti
Ideal Cities and new settlements: Pienza, Urbino and the "military cities"
- XVI Century Architecture in Italy (15 hours)
Great Architects in Milan and Rome: Bramante, Raffaello, the Sangallos, Michelangelo
The palaces and the villas and their language
Palladio and "Palladianism": architecture, villas and landscape, a model
- XVII and XVIII Century Architecture in Italy and in Europe (25 hours)
Baroque Architects in Rome: Bernini and Borromini
Turin as a paradigm for European Architecture and Urban Design
European Courts and places: villas, palaces and gardens
Guarini Guarini and the "invention" of Baroque Architecture in Piedmont
Filippo Juvarra and the internationality of Baroque Architecture and Art
Late Baroque Architecture in Piedmont with relations to European Late Baroque

The organization of the speaches could be lightly modified depending on specific requests and interests expressed by the students during lessons.

Organizzazione dell'insegnamento

The course, in English, is mainly based on classroom lectures. The students are invited if possible to visit monuments and cities nearby, but those visits are optional; on the contrary open air lessons in Turin within the ordinary course timetable are mandatory. One or more individual exercises, to turn in and discuss during the course, are part of the program (e.g., analysis of an Architectural Order, critical study of a monument, etc.) and will be taken in consideration in the evaluation criteria (see specific section). Taking notes is absolutely mandatory; students are encouraged to draw/sketch, both during visits in Turin or nearby and in classroom.

Testi richiesti o raccomandati: letture, dispense, altro materiale didattico

There is no single mandatory textbook. However, some "classical" texts, available in the Biblioteca Centrale di Architettura and in general in public libraries, are recommended; they can be read partly or as a whole, and used as guides into more selected readings. Additional bibliography, references to websites, and readings are given throughout the course and will be partly available for download from the course website. The listed books are just general suggestions:

- J. Summerson, The Classical Language of Architecture, Cambridge, MIT, 1963 [1st. ed; later editions are available];
- P. Murray, The Architecture of the Italian Renaissance, London, Thames and Hudson, 1986 (revised third ed., first ed. 1963);
- W. Lotz, Architecture in Italy 1500-1600, New Haven, London, Yale University Press, 1995;
- R. Wittkower, Art and Architecture in Italy, 1600-1750, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1973 revised ed.;
- R. Pommer, Eighteenth-century Architecture in Piedmont : the open structures of Juvarra, Alfieri, Vittone, New York/London, Univ. Press, 1967
Criteri, regole e procedure per l'esame
The final exam will be taken individually and caried out in oral form. It aims to assess the learning of the topics discussed during the course and covered in the required readings, demonstrating a) knowledge of specific topics in the history of Early Modern Architecture, b) the understanding of periodization and chronology, c) the ability to discuss and recognize, through the use of images, specific examples among those analyzed during the lectures.
The oral exam will be composed by three passages: 1) exposition of the individual(s) analytic exercice(s) on a monument, topic, or historiographical question choosen by the student and approuved by the teaching staff (the topic will be defined at lest 2 weeks before the end of the course); 2) answer to a general question posed by the commission on the whole program of the course; 3) discussion with the commission on wider questions of historical approach to Renaissance and Baroque Architecture (the books and essays read by the student will be the base for the discussion). Each of the 3 questions will be equal in weight and will form the final mark for 1/3. The exam will be passed reaching 2/3 of the whole score.
Orario delle lezioni
Statistiche superamento esami

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2017/18

© Politecnico di Torino
Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24 - 10129 Torino, ITALY
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