Politecnico di Torino
Politecnico di Torino
Politecnico di Torino
Anno Accademico 2013/14
Cusco Sun City: An experimental territory on the site of the Alejandro Velasco Astete Airport
Corso di Laurea Magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Citta' - Torino
Docente Qualifica Settore Lez Es Lab Tut Anni incarico
Croset Pierre Alain ORARIO RICEVIMENTO     80 0 0 40 1
Pagliolico Simonetta Lucia ORARIO RICEVIMENTO RC ING-IND/22 60 0 0 30 1
Sampieri Angelo ORARIO RICEVIMENTO A2 ICAR/21 60 0 0 30 1
SSD CFU Attivita' formative Ambiti disciplinari
B - Caratterizzanti
B - Caratterizzanti
C - Affini o integrative
Progettazione architettonica e urbana
Progettazione urbanistica e pianificazione territoriale
The Design Unit moves from the specific knowledge and skills of two main and complementary disciplines – the architectural design and town planning – and a related and integrative discipline – the science and technology of materials. Through the project, the student will acquire not only general design skills but also knowledge and specific expertise in urban planning (required by the Master degree in alternative to the course in "town planning"), as well as those in science and technology of materials (with particular reference to the earth construction and to the self-help building processes, much used in Latin America).
The proposal of the Design Unit starts within a research program on the town of Cusco, initiated with a first Design Unit in the AY 2012-2013 with the title "Cusco Linear City".
In that occasion, a series of design explorations has verified the hypothesis that a new system of public transport (tramway or urban train) could place side by side the urban line of the railway line Cusco-Puno, facilitating the mobility in a part of the city who lives a strong densification, giving place to a sequence of new public facilitations around the single stations. Within a same scenery of urbanistic and infrastructure transformation, the Design Unit "Cusco sun city" proposes to develop a further, more ambitious, hypothesis of change.
Over 120 hectares of territory, in full urban centre, they are today occupied by the national airport Alejandro Velasco Astete. Its runway, parallel to the river and to the railway line, longitudinally divides in two a city already forced within a valley wide less than two kilometers. From years has been discussed the expansion and the transfer of the airport within a more suitable valley to welcome international flights, freeing so, in the full heart of the city, an incredibly vast surface, wide almost half kilometer, long more than four. "Cusco sun city" works within this perspective, and it imagines, for a place so strongly jeopardized by the precedent uses and object of enormous and problematic real estate affairs, a process of sustainable transformation, under the economic, social and environmental profiles.
One "sun city", able to reduce consumptions and to produce energy, and to contribute so to a best infrastructural and environmental functionality of the whole Cusco through an ample availability of services, public architectures of quality, spaces for the residence, the production, natural and agricultural spaces. A part of city that proposes itself to assume the characters of an experimental and exemplary territory, where spaces for the work and the production are lived through the employment of renewable energies (especially photovoltaic and thermal solar energy), the recovery of traditional constructive technologies and local materials, their insertion in a system of more sophisticated advanced technologies for the environmental improvement, the renaturalization, the waters' purification, the production of quality food.
More specifically, on how to curb the violent urbanization that is going through.
The assumption is that, if run over by virtuous policies and projects, some cities still measured in size, can play an important role in territorial transformation processes and in the development of local economies fairer.
The project aims to test this hypothesis in Peru, in the city of Cusco, through the elaboration of quality architecture projects placed within a larger infrastructural and urban background, able to hold in relationship to the city with the particular context within which lies, marked, among other aspects, by a substantial and in growth tourist economy as well as by significant development and densification phenomena.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
In the experience of the Design Unit, the student will deepen its capacity to manage in autonomy a project of architecture and urbanism, in its urban and building components, through the mastery of techniques, methodologies and skills specific to the work of European Architect.
Through knowledge and in-depth analysis of the specific theme of the project – in this case through the elaboration of quality architecture projects placed within a larger infrastructural and urban background in the city of Cusco – the student will acquire an ability to understand and interpret the complex phenomena that characterize the building production in the context of cooperation between North and South.
The Design Unit has as its specific objectives:
• understanding and the critical analysis of the complex phenomena of transformation of urban settlements in Latin America, with particular attention to the region of Cusco, Peru, in the different political, socio-economic and environmental dimensions;
• the urban and landscape project of a new urban settlement in substitution of the national airport, in order to enhance the functionality and the specific formal identity of the "linear city" of Cusco;
• the architectural design of a complex building or a group of buildings, with a program entirely public, or mixed (public / residential), interpreting the contemporary typology of the hybrid, high-density building. This program of densification of urban functions needs to be represented in a high quality architecture;
• critical reflection on the theme of public space, ensuring in particular the ability to address in a conscious interaction between open spaces project, infrastructure and specific form of the building, with a view to upgrading the consolidated city and increasing the relations between historical centre (Cusco "patrimony of Humanity") and suburban areas.
• the recovery of traditional constructive technologies and local materials: clay, straw, bamboo and other construction and building materials at low cost.
Prerequisiti / Conoscenze pregresse
Design skills are sufficient, along with the ground knowledges of urban planning and materials science, acquired with the Bachelor of science in architecture.
The Design Unit will be divided in 3 parts:
- Part 1 (4 weeks, teamwork). Critical interpretation of the city of Cusco. Analyse of the urban and landscape context of the project. Elaboration of a critical cartography and first urban schemes for the redevelopment of the area of the national Airport of Cusco. Collective Elaboration of the new "Solar City". First collective intermediate review.
- Part 2 (5 weeks, teamwork). Urban design of specific parts of the "Solar City". Mid-term review at the scale 1:2000, 1:1000 and 1:500.
- Part 3 (5 weeks, individual work). Architectural design of one or more buildings, and interaction with the final development of the specific urban design of a part of the "Solar City". Final exhibition of the project at the scale 1:500, 1:200 and 1:50.

Laboratories and/or exercices
The work in the Design Unit will be organized in order to make full use of the cooperation with the institutions and with the associations present on the territory. Particularly the Facultad de Arquitectura y Artes Plásticas of Cuzco, the Association Askha Nan (Consultores Asociados en Patrimonio Cultural) and some local and international humanitarian organizations operating in the region.
Through Exchange and collaboration with these organizations it will be possible to dispose of the studies and analyses (social, economic, geographic) required to develop a design methodology "at a distance" (due to the inability to perform a study trip in Latin America).
During the semester's work will be organized "virtual mid-term reviews": videoconferences with local experts and European architects engaged for years in cooperation projects in the cities of South America.
Web resources will also be used to relate the students’ project work with designers and projects of Open Source Architecture (for example, Architecture for Humanity, Architectes sans Frontières, etc ...), engaged in international cooperation projects and self-construction processes.
Testi richiesti o raccomandati: letture, dispense, altro materiale didattico
The teaching material will be made available by the class teacher on the didattica web portal.
Suggested textbooks:
- Bernardo Secchi, Paola Viganò, La ville poreuse: Un projet pour le Grand Paris et la métropole de l'après-Kyoto, Ed. Metispresses, 2011
- Charles Waldheim, Landscape Urbanism Reader, Princeton Architectural Press, 2006
- Mohsen Mostafavi and Gareth Doherty, Ecological Urbanism, Lars Muller Publishers, 2010
- Architecture for Humanity, edited by, Design like you give a damn 2. Building change from the round up, Abrams , NY, 2012
- Andrei Lepik, edited by, Small scale big change. New architectures of social engagement, The Museum of Modern Art, Ny, Birhäuser, Basel, 2011
- Bjørn Berge, The ecology of building materials. Elsevier Architectural Press, 2nd edition, Oxford, 2009.

Revisions / Exam
The control of the knowledges and skills will be done during the mid-term reviews and the final public Jury, with external architects and experts. A precise plan of the contents for the reviews will be offered at the beginning of the Course.
The final exam will be based on the exhibition or the final project through models, drawings and texts, and on the critical discussion with the Jury.
Orario delle lezioni
Statistiche superamento esami

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2013/14

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