|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2017/18|
Polygeneration and advanced energy systems
Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Energy And Nuclear Engineering - Torino
The description, modelling, analysis of advanced energy systems based on the integration of power, thermo-chemical and electro-chemical processes for poly-generation purposes. Starting from the fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics and electrochemistry applied to energy systems, the course develops topics related to electrochemical systems (fuel cells, electrolyzers, flow batteries), thermo-chemical systems (gasification, production of biogas, chemical looping systems), concepts of chemical storage for the production of synthetic fuels (CO2 recovery, power-to-gas, power-to-liquid processes) and complete this with the analysis of some examples of complex poly-generation systems.
Some activities at the lab level (mainly on electrochemical and thermochemical systems applied to energy) will be developed along the course.
Expected learning outcomes
Applications of fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics and electrochemistry to energy systems.
Understanding and design of complex energy systems based on thermo-chemical and electro-chemical processes and technologies.
Understanding and design of poly-generation systems.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Preliminary knowledge acquired in the courses of Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer, Chemical Plants, Material Science. Lectures given in English.
• Fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics
• Fundamentals of electro-chemical processes and devices
• PEMFC: Description of the PEMFC and of its operation, Electrochemical model of the PEMFC (polarization curve), Useful expressions for design and operation of the PEMFC, Stack PEMFC: description and analysis of operation in cogenerative configuration
• SOFC: Description of the SOFC and of its operation, Electrochemical model of the SOFC (polarization curve), Chemical model of the SOFC (internal reforming)
• Electrolyzers: alkaline, acid, solid oxide.
• Flow batteries: vanadium-based, Li-air batteries, SOFC redox batteries
• Supercritical water gasification
• Principles of chemical looping (example: fuel decarbonization)
• Physical and chemical properties of H2
• Reforming of hydrocarbons
• Production from renewables
• Storage of hydrogen (liquid, metal hydride)
CHEMICAL STORAGE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNTHETIC FUELS
• RES-storage and synthetic fuels
• Processes for CO2 recovery
• CCS processes
• Principles of power-to-gas (P2G) processes
• Production of synthetic methane
• Principles of power-to-liquid (P2L) processes
• Production of synthetic Methanol, DME, diesel
EXAMPLES OF COMPLEX POLY-GENERATION SYSTEMS
• WWTU plant with MCFC CHP system and hydrogen recovery
• WWTU plant with SOFC system and CO2 recovery and carbon fixation in algae
• IGCC integrated with SOFC systems and CCS
A project (home assignment) will be developed during the LAIB lectures using the ASPEN+ tool.
The Topic varies every year (as an example: feasibility study of a biogas fed SOFC system)
In the labs, experimental tests will be developed on single cells and stack PEMFC (3 h) and on single cells and stack SOFC (3 h), on high pressure electrolysis and high temperature electrolysis (1.5 h), on Li-ion batteries (1.5 h), on thermo-chemical systems (3.0 h in SMAT) and on production of chemicals (3 hours).
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
Mostly supplied by the teachers.
1. Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics, Adrian Bejan, Editore: John Wiley & Sons Inc; 3 ed. (August 18, 2006)
2. Thermodynamics: Foundations and Applications, Elias P. Gyftopoulos and Gian Paolo Beretta, Editor: Macmillan Publishing Company
1. Electrochemical Engineering Principles, Geoffrey Prentice, Editor: Prentice-Hall International
1. Fuel Cells Systems Explained, James Larminie and Andrew Dicks, Editor: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
2. High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Desig and Applications, Subash Singhal and Kevin Kendall, Editor: Elsevier Ltd
3. Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Modeling, Jaroslaw Milewski, Konrad Swirski, Massimo Santarelli, Pierluigi Leone, Editor: Springer
Assessment and grading criteria
The final exam starts with a WRITTEN PART, composed usually of 2 calculation exercises and 2 open questions.
The following ORAL PART has the following rules:
• MANDATORY SECTION: evaluation of the project (home assignment): grades 0-3 points, added to the grade of the Writing Part
• OPTIONAL SECTION: oral exam on all the topics of the course: the grade of the Writing Part will be modified according to the result of the Oral Part, with a range in the order of -3 (decrease) ÷ +3 (increase) points.
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2017/18