Politecnico di Torino
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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2017/18
01QHCND
Radiation Protection
Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Energy And Nuclear Engineering - Torino
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
Zucchetti Massimo ORARIO RICEVIMENTO PO ING-IND/19 40.5 19.5 0 0 5
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ING-IND/19 6 C - Affini o integrative Attivitą formative affini o integrative
Subject fundamentals
Radiation Protection and Safety is a basic skill for a nuclear engineer all over the world.
Basic concepts of radioactivity, natural and man-made sources of radiation, interaction of radiation with matter and biological effects caused by radiation, radiation sources in a nuclear reactor and nuclear safety, safety of radiation applications beyond energy production, shielding, detection and measurement techniques for radiation, assessment of environmental impact, including atmospheric and aquatic dispersion of radionuclides and food chain contamination, nuclear accidents with case studies, radioactive waste, protection against non-ionising radiation.
Expected learning outcomes
The aim of the Course is to meet the needs of students at graduate level for training to acquire a knowledge in radiation protection and the safety of radiation sources. The course also aims to provide the necessary basic tools for those who will become professionals in radiation protection and in the safe use of radiation sources. It is designed to provide both theoretical and practical training in the multidisciplinary scientific and/or technical bases of national and international recommendations and standards on radiation protection and their implementation.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Formal education at degree or equivalent level in physics and chemistry disciplines
Contents
1. Ionizing radiation and related physical quantities. Introduction to the topics covered in the course. Main sources of radiation: natural and artificial radionuclides, x-ray machines, nuclear reactors. Fundamental physical quantities for the characterization of these sources.
2. Interaction of radiation with matter. Main phenomena of interaction of ionizing radiation with matter; Mechanisms of cell damage.
3. Radiometric and dosimetric quantities. Fundamental physical dosimetry and the relationships between them.
4. Instrumentation for the detection of ionizing radiation. Main instruments used for the detection of ionizing radiation, dosimeters for individual doses.
5. Legislation and regulations for radiation protection. Italian and international legislation. Radiation protection principles. Techniques for protection against ionizing radiation used to limit the exposure of workers and the general population.
6. Shielding. Design of shielding required in the use of x-ray machines and radioactive sources of various kinds. Use of shielding codes.
7. Environmental impact of radioactivity. Atmospheric dispersion and aquatic contamination in environmental matrices, use of codes of dispersion-dose.
8. Radiological Nuclear Safety. Nuclear accidents (Chernobyl, Fukushima, Mayak, etc..) and radiological events. Nuclear and radiological emergency management.
9. Radioactive waste. Generation, classification, and management. The Italian case.
10. Radiation protection of non-ionizing radiation (electromagnetic fields). Description, interaction with living matter, legislation, case studies.
11. Esperto qualificato (national certified radioprotection expert). Simulation of the national italian exam to be qualified, according to italian legislation, as a national certified radiation protection professional.
Delivery modes
Use of radiation shielding code MICROSHIELD
Use of dispersion-dose code GENII-FRAMES
Visit to a radiation protection lab and use of instrumentation
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
No text is necessary, many are useful.
Lecture notes on each topic will be provided online by the teacher.

ATTIX, F.H., Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry, Wiley, New York, (1986).
CEMBER, H., Introduction to Health Physics, 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York (2000).
FIRESTONE, R.B., BAGLIN, C.M., FRANK-CHU, S.Y. (Eds), Table of Isotopes (8th Edition, 1999 update), Wiley, New York (1999).
KNOLL, G.T., Radiation Detection and Measurement, 3rd Edition, Wiley, New York (2000).
C. Polvani, Elementi di Radioprotezione, ENEA, 1999. (in italian)
Maurizio Pelliccioni, Fondamenti Fisici della Radioprotezione, Pitagora Editrice Bologna, 2005. (in italian)
Assessment and grading criteria
The exam will be a written one with three questions and free answers one page long each
The interview will be the discussion of the written exam.

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2016/17
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