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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2016/17
01QJVPV
Atelier Architectural Restauration Project B
Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Architecture Heritage Preservation And Enhancement - Torino
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
Aghemo Chiara ORARIO RICEVIMENTO     42 18 0 0 4
Giusti Maria Adriana ORARIO RICEVIMENTO PO ICAR/19 56 24 0 0 4
Palmero Paola ORARIO RICEVIMENTO O2 ING-IND/22 32 8 0 0 6
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ICAR/19
ICAR/19
ING-IND/11
ING-IND/22
2
6
6
4
C - Affini o integrative
B - Caratterizzanti
B - Caratterizzanti
C - Affini o integrative
Attività formative affini o integrative
Teorie e tecniche per il restauro architettonico
Discipline fisico-tecniche ed impiantistiche per l'architettura
Attività formative affini o integrative
Subject fundamentals
The multidisciplinary Atelier "Architectural Restoration Project" is held during the first year of the Master of Science Level in Architecture Heritage Preservation and Enhancement. The Master aims at training a professional Architect with skills and competences in the field of landscape and architectural heritage, able to answer to safeguard and restoration issues, with particular care to risk and sustainability contests, well aware about the strategies of knowledge and access to cultural heritage.
Accordingly, the Atelier "Architectural Restoration Project A", through well-integrated disciplines (Restauro architettonico, Tecniche del controllo ambientale e impianti negli antichi edifici and Scienza e tecnologia dei materiali per il restauro), supplies knowledge and expertise to manage with an holistic approach the preservation, the conservation, the reuse issues of cultural heritage at the architectonic scale.
Particularly:
- the course "Restauro" develops the predisposition of a conservation project on architectural heritage and its context in its theoretical-critical, legislative, practical, technological and formal components;
- the course "Tecniche del controllo ambientale e impianti negli antichi edifici" develops methods and tools for environmental analysis aimed at preserving and utilizing the architectural heritage, as well as addressing the compatibility issues of plant engineering in ancient buildings;
- the course "Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali per il restauro" aims at training an expert with knowledge and skills related to the functional and structural properties of traditional and innovative building materials. At the end of the course, the student will acquire the knowledge to understand the main chemical, physical and mechanical degradation phenomena of building materials, to prevent or restore them, and to choose the best materials and solutions in view of the targeted application and of the environment.
Expected learning outcomes
The Atelier provides specific in-depth analysis of the knowledge already acquired during the previous years.

The Atelier aims to teach the applied aspects of the conservation discipline, in relation to the understanding of the substance and the identity of the architectural heritage, as well as the knowledge of legal aspects and their design implications, of the restoration techniques – with particular attention to the compatibility criteria, minimal intervention, reversibility, distinction, durability – in restoration and reuse project.
Students are expected to acquire the ability of a critical interpretation of the heritage, in its need of protection, safety, conservation, reuse and in relation to current debate on restoration, in a multidisciplinary perspective such required to the Architect in the built heritage restoration project.

In detail:

The Course "Restoration" aims to correctly express the project at different levels: from the cognitive approach of the preliminary scale - which through the masterplan prefigures choices and goals and defines contextual interactions - to the "definitive" scale, that sets the measures conservation and innovation on architectural materiality. Students acquire the ability to critically interpret the heritage in its need for protection, safety, conservation, and to solve interdisciplinary problems, in particular regarding the project of conservation, adaptation and reuse of architectural heritage in compliance with current regulations and in relation to restoration debate.
At the end of the course, the student will be able to critically govern the phases of the restoration project, from knowledge to intervention, to the responsibility of culturally sustainable solutions and to manage the role of interdisciplinary coordination required at the Architect.

The Course "Tecniche del controllo ambientale e impianti degli antichi edifice" aims at learning the requirements and technical standards in relation to the preventive conservation and indoor air quality and thermal comfort; to the systems and components for the lighting design and air-conditioning; to the active and passive techniques for environmental control; tools and methods for environmental monitoring for conservation and testing purposes.
Students acquire the ability to evaluate thermal, lighting and air quality performance of confined environments and to make consistent choices regarding technology system, in compliance with current laws and in relation to the issues of integration between building and system.
At the end of the course the student will be able to define the optimum environmental conditions for conservation and to selectively choose the most suitable lighting and air conditioning technologies in a restoration work.

The course "Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali per il restauro" aims at deepening the materials properties and at understanding the degradation mechanisms due to chemical, physical, biological or mechanical effects. In addition, the diagnostic chemical-physical methods will be presented, with reference to the current standards for stones (Normal and UNI 11182-2006) and the proper technologies for the restoration of the degraded areas. At the end of the course, students will acquire:
- The scientific knowledge about materials used in cultural heritage, their physical/chemical properties and their microstructure, the degradation phenomena and mechanisms, the interaction with the environment;
- The tools that the Material Science and Technology offer to investigate and to know the properties of building materials;
- The knowledge about the proper strategies to investigate and characterize materials and the degradation products;
- The knowledge to operate on the materials and surrounding environment to prevent or limit the degradation phenomena;
- The skills to manage maintenance, conservation and restoration operations.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Students should possess knowledge derived by previous courses in "disegno e rappresentazione", "geomatica", "storia dell’architettura", "teoria storia e tecniche di restauro", "tecnologia", "fisica tecnica" e "scienza e tecnologia dei materiali". Student should manage tools and methods of the previous disciplines.
Also students should possess knowledge derived by previous courses in "Building Physics" of Bachelor program in Architecture at Politecnico di Torino. If they come from another University, students should possess Fundamentals of thermal and mechanical phenomena (mechanics of fluids, thermodynamics, psychrometry, thermokinetics).
Contents
The different disciplines inside the Atelier will coordinate to define a single project that students will carry out.
Students are organized in groups of 2/3 people, working on the defined theme, focused on a historical architecture that connotes the cultural landscape.
In the a.y. 2017-2018 the case study of the multidisciplinary Atelier will be the Castello of Casalgrasso (Cuneo) and the Castello of Govone (Cuneo).

The Course "Restauro" (Restoration) is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. Interdisciplinary lessons and guided tours are planned as well.
Topics and issues covered:
- Course presentation: program, objectives.
- Presentation of the method for the exercise development and the selection of case studies. Organization of the working groups, assignment of subjects to groups.
- The restoration between theory and practice: open questions and problems.
- The Italian "Codice dei Beni Culturali" (D.Lgs. 42/2004), the Italian Ministry "dei Beni e delle Attività culturali e del Turismo", the "Soprintendenze", the new "Codice degli appalti pubblici" (legislative framework).
- Conservation projects for listed buildings and for public architectures; project scales.
- Understanding the consistency of the built: the palimpsest in its stratification.
- "Mapping" of the materials and of the degradation phenomena.
- Non-destructive techniques for analysing historic buildings. The current state of this field, practical examples, potential and objectives. Diagnostic projects: theory, regulations and application.
- The restoration procedures and techniques.
- Restoration of historic gardens and parks: state of the art, debate, issues of conservation of polymers systems, examples of restorations.
- Relationship between conservation and re-use and between old and new in restoration project.
- Guided visits to museums and sites to illustrate complex conservation issues, restoration, reuse, maintenance on heritage.

The Course "Tecniche del controllo ambientale e impianti degli antichi edifici" is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest. Interdisciplinary lessons are planned as well.
The course is divided into the following topics:
- the requirements of the thermal, luminous environments and air quality for the preventive preservation of the heritage and for the comfort of the occupants,
- typologies and operating modes of the main systems for lighting and air conditioning,
- individuation of solutions buildings and systems coherent and oriented to the energy-saving,
- issues related to compatibility of system engineering in ancient buildings,
- tools of evaluation and modeling physical and numerical for thermal and lighting engineering design for the preservation and reuse of architectural heritage.
Subjects and themes covered:
- Territorial environmental analysis to identify the morphological characteristics of the site and the available energy resources.
- Building scale analysis of architectural and plant characteristics of the constructed (identification of materials, stratigraphy of the envelope, of existing installations).
- Analysis of environmental constraints, identification of the activities, functions and users that perform them.
- Survey and analysis of the state of conservation of the "historical" planting conserved in the case study.
- Definitions of requirements and project requirements in comparison with legislation and regulations.
- Project of energy development on a territorial scale and on a scale of construction.
- Characterization of the interventions on the mat and glazed envelope.
- Characterization of the interventions on the thermal system: plant typologies and operating principles.
- Characterization of interventions on the lighting system: types of light sources, lighting fixtures, functional, scenographic, emergency lighting systems.
- Manual calculation and modeling methods with software for the lighting project.
- Rendering and communication of lighting project.
- Tools and methods testing in operation.
Other topics can be developed in relation to the specific identity of the case studies under consideration.

The themes presented during the course "Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali per il restauro"are linked to specific, selected case studies. For example, in 2016-17, 2015-16 and 2014-15, the case study of the multidisciplinary Atelier "Progetto di restauro architettonico" was the Castello di Govone (Cuneo) and Castello di Racconigi (Cuneo). Thus, the program included:
- Ancient building materials: gypsum, lime, hydrated lime, highlighting the degradation phenomena and related causes;
- Mortar and plasters, their composition, the preparation procedures, their identification, the role of the aggregates on the overall properties, the degradation causes, the restoration procedures;
- Bricks, their composition, their shaping (handmade and industrials processes), the degradation causes, the procedure to substitute or to restore the degraded elements;
- Stones, their physical-mechanical properties, their durability, their identification, their decay;
- The degradation phenomena by environmental exposition and bio-decay;
- The diagnosis of the degradation phenomena; in situ and in laboratory analysis techniques (with practical examples by one or more case histories);
- Surface cleaning technologies and the salt-removal methods;
- Technologies and materials for cortical consolidation and restoration.
Delivery modes
Teaching is organized on lectures and moments dedicated to the development of the practical exercise. The lessons discuss theoretical and practical questions, some of which applied in the exercise contest.

The course "Restauro" weighs 8 CFU (80 hours), divided generally into about 48 hours of lessons, 8 hours of guided visits and about 24 hours dedicated to the revision of the project. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary, during which real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes.
During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Professors are also available to meet students (by scheduling appointments by email) to discuss and clarify with them both the lessons and the project contents.
Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project.
Tipo didattica: Esercitazioni in aula Ore: 24 Lingua: IT
Tipo didattica: Lezioni Ore: 48 Lingua: IT
Tipo didattica: Visite guidate/sopralluoghi Ore: 8 Lingua: IT

The course "Tecniche del controllo ambientale e impianti degli antichi edifici" weighs 6 CFU (60 hours), divided generally into about 42 hours of lessons, 6 hours of guided visits and about 12 hours dedicated to the revision of the project. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary, during which real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes.
During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Professors are also available to meet students (by scheduling appointments by email) to discuss and clarify with them both the lessons and the project contents.
Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project.
Tipo didattica: Esercitazioni in aula Ore 12: Lingua: IT
Tipo didattica: Lezioni Ore 42: Lingua: IT
Tipo didattica: Visite guidate/sopralluoghi Ore 6: Lingua: IT

The course "Scienza e tecnologia dei materiali per il restauro" weighs 4 CFU (40 hours), divided generally into about 23/24 hours of lessons and about 16/17 hours dedicated to the revision of the project. The lessons, as well as the hours devoted to the project can be mono- or multi-disciplinary, during which real case studies will be deepened and discussed. Students will be also required to develop and complete the project, to find specific bibliographic sources, to study the text and all other lectures notes. During class, professors assure continuous assistance to correctly carry out the project. Professors are also available to meet students (by scheduling appointments by email) to discuss and clarify with them both the lessons and the project contents. Students are required to periodically present the status of the project: after the knowledge step, after the completion of the masterplan and finally after the conclusion of the whole project.
Tipo didattica: Esercitazioni in aula Ore 12: Lingua: IT
Tipo didattica: Lezioni Ore 24: Lingua: IT
Tipo didattica: Visite guidate/sopralluoghi Ore 6: Lingua: IT.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
Slides of the lessons and of other lecture notes will be uploaded on the students’ website. Bibliographic references and useful standards will be specified during lessons.

In general, the bibliography for the course "Restauro" includes the following texts:
- Stefano F. Musso, Recupero e restauro degli edifici storici, EPC Libri, Roma 2004.
- Francesco Doglioni, Nel Restauro. Progetti per le architetture del passato, Marsilio, Venezia 2008.
- Donatella Fiorani (editor), Restauro e tecnologie in architettura, Carocci, Roma, 2009.
- Marcello Balzani (editor), Restauro, recupero, riqualificazione. Il progetto contemporaneo nel contesto storico, Skira, Milano, 2011.
- Giovanni Carbonara, Architettura d’oggi e restauro. Un confronto antico-nuovo, Utet, Torino 2011.
- Stefano F. Musso (editor), Tecniche di Restauro - aggiornamento, UTET Scienze Tecniche, Torino 2013.
- Maria Adriana Giusti, Monica Naretto (editors), Arte di Conservare/Conservare con l'Arte. Castello, villa, villeggiature d'artisti a Rivara, with texts of Chiara Aghemo, Rossella Taraglio e Altri Autori, ETS, Pisa 2014.
-Silvia Gron, Monica Naretto, Alessio Primavera (editors), Learning from Heritage. Progetti per il castello e la cascina di Parpaglia, Politecnico di Torino, Torino 2016.
- Donatella Fiorani (editor), RICerca/REStauro, Edizioni Quasar, Roma 2017.

In general, the bibliography for the course "Tecniche del controllo ambientali e impianti degli antichi edifici" includes the following texts:
- Schede di Principi e Tecniche per il controllo ambientale – Illuminazione, a cura di Marco Filippi, Politeko 2010.
- Schede di Principi e Tecniche per il controllo ambientale – Climatizzazione, a cura di Marco Filippi, Politeko 2010.
- Chiara Aghemo, Marco Filippi, Elena Prato, Condizioni ambientali per la conservazione dei beni di interesse storico e artistico, Comitato Giorgio Rota, Torino 1996.
- Mario Bonomo, Chiara Bertolaja, L'illuminazione delle opere d’arte negli interni. Guida alla progettazione, EDIPLAN editrice, Milano 2013.
- AA.VV., Manuale di progettazione illuminotecnica, Mancosu editore, Roma 2010.
- AA.VV., Palazzo Madama a Torino. Dal restauro al nuovo museo, Silvana editoriale, Torino 2010.
- Convegno AICARR, Microclima, qualità dell’aria e impianti negli ambienti museali, AICARR, Milano 1997.
- Convegno AICARR, Tecnologie impiantistiche per i musei, AICARR, Milano 2005.
- Chiara Aghemo, Arte della luce/Luce nell'arte, in M.A. Giusti, M. Naretto (editor), Arte di Conservare / Conservare con l'Arte. Castello, villa, villeggiature d'artisti a Rivara, ETS, Pisa 2014, pp. 59-64.
- Rossella Taraglio et Alii, Un approccio metodologico al tema dell'integrazione degli impianti negli edifici storici, in M.A. Giusti, M. Naretto (editor), Arte di Conservare / Conservare con l'Arte. Castello, villa, villeggiature d'artisti a Rivara, ETS, Pisa 2014, pp. 79-82.
- Standards in the fields of Lighting and Air-conditioning – Ventilation.

In general, the bibliography for the course "Scienza e tecnologia dei materiali per il restauro" includes the following texts:
- Giovanni Carbonara, Trattato di restauro architettonico, UTET, Torino 1996-2011.
- Luca Bertolini, Materiali da costruzioni, Vol. 2: Degrado, prevenzione, diagnosi, restauro, Città Studi, Milano 2006.
- Alfredo Negro, Jean-Marc Tulliani, Laura Montanaro, Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali, Celid, Torino 2008.
- Stefania Franceschi, Leonardo Germani, Manuale operativo per il restauro architettonico, DEI srl – Tipografia del Genio Civile, Roma 2010 (quarta edizione).
- Alessandro Battaglia, Andrea Rattazzi, Vassili Kafetsis
Assessment and grading criteria
Students are required to demonstrate their learning by intermediate and final presentation of their work, showing to be able to manage and correlate the different disciplines and to be able to evaluate and critically choose the best solutions.
The presence to the lessons is strongly recommended, to properly develop the activities scheduled during the course.
The final score will also include, in any case, the in itinere evaluations.
Examination procedures. The knowledge and skills assessment is obtained through:
- the evaluation of a final written test, with "closed" or "open answer" questions concerning the topics covered by the three courses (one hour text for course). The student will afford individually the written exam without using notes or teaching material;
together with
- the evaluation of the practical exercise developed during the Atelier, consisting on a written-graphics dossier (that has to be carried out in groups of maximum 2-3 students). A facsimile of the elaboration project will be uploaded on the students website.
During the final exam, students will discuss the whole project using a proper language, by justifying their choices with reference to the theoretical aspects discussed during the course. All students will be separately evaluated.
In the definition of the final mark, the exercise weigh will be rated on 80% and the written test evaluation on 20%.
The student will pass the exam only if he/she will receive a positive evaluation in all three disciplines of the Atelier.

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2017/18
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