|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2016/17|
Atelier Architecture heritage preservation and enhancement B
Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Architecture Heritage Preservation And Enhancement - Torino
The multidisciplinary Atelier on ‘Heritage Restoration and Enhancement’ is placed in the first half of the second (and last) year of the Master Degree Course in Architecture for the Restoration and Development of the Cultural Heritage. It will deal with a specific case study: the enhancement of Palazzo d’Oria in Ciriè (in relation to the axis of the villa Remmert and the historical center) together with the improvement of its accessibility as well as the competitive framework of the urban area and the surrounding territory.
The Atelier concludes the architect's training process on issues of architectural and landscape heritage, and correlates, in an interactive and synchronic dialogue, the disciplines of urban restoration and economic promotion and the related themes of Conservation and Protection, Enhancement and Management. Dealing with the complexity of landscape and urban scales, the Atelier faces the interdisciplinary dimension focusing on the issues of knowledge, conservation, feasibility, development, promotion and management of scattered or territorial assets that can be thought as ‘cultural systems’ that realize the landscape fundamental matrices.
This interdisciplinary dimension goes beyond the traditional tools and techniques of the design approach and affects the methodological values of the project itself. The individual disciplines obviously retain their specific statutes, but objectives, procedures, methods, themes and cultural contents that qualify them interact as a whole.
The multidisciplinary approach of Atelier converge on the specific project theme above mentioned: the learning objective is a project that adds economic and immaterial value to the cultural assets, "putting them in network", so as to strengthen their specificity and attractiveness.
Expected learning outcomes
Since the primary goal of the restoration project is to preserve historical buildings and landscape, inhibiting their physiological decay and loss of identity, the knowledge is essentially aimed at developing critical skills for the definition of prevention and protection strategies for cultural heritage in the framework of existing codes.
The Atelier will provide the knowledge to maintain the efficiency and enhance the fruition of cultural heritage also by adding new functions compatible with environmental, social, and cultural values.
Assuming that scientific tools and intervention techniques aimed at adapting at new functions historic assets cannot be thought to be ‘neutral’ with regard to the cultural value of the assets themselves, the Atelier will provide the knowledge necessary for a correct interpretation of figurative and material (constructional and structural) characters of the historic architecture. The aim is to direct the design strategies toward a synthetic approach in which formal, functional, economic and social aspects are jointly considered.
The Atelier students will develop critical thinking skills to define, with accuracy and methodological rigor, the project of conservation and protection at the urban and territorial scales, by exploiting the interaction of different disciplines, in a perspective of integrated conservation in which the objects to be preserved are comprised in a more general framework of social, economic and cultural needs.
VALORISATION AND EVALUATION
Knowledge and skills:
Within the general and stratgical objectives of Atelier, namely the preservation, valorisation and promotion of system of Cultural Heritage, tools of project evaluation and economic valorisation are crucial both in the strategic phase both in the tactical phase of the valorisation cycle. Starting from the knowledge of some international methodologies and tools closely related to the Valorisation discipline (eg the application form for Unesco plans, legislation and strategies for the sale of public assets, guidelines for the drafting of Feasibility Studies, models of Etc.), below are Knowledge (C), Skills (S) and Ability (A) required in the field of valorisation Of the assets:
Knowledge of strategic assessment methods
Knowledge of data sources for competitive framework context analysis
Knowledge of data and market sources
Knowledge of economical sources for case-study analysis
Knowledge of the structure of a Feasibility Study
Knowledge of the structure of a UNESCO Management Plan
Knowledge of project funding opportunities (national and EU)
Knowledge of public analysis and cultural questions
Knowledge of project evaluation tools
Knowledge of tools and procedures to quantify costs
Knowledge of management issues of enhancement interventions
Skills to select strategic assessment methods
Skills to identify sources and re-elaborate data for pre-feasibility reasons
Skills to re-elaborate data and their interpretation for a "pre-feasibility judgment"
Skills to process data on public and cultural consumption Public Identity / Reference Demand for the Tasks and Functions Discovered in Refusing Scenarios
Skills to apply analyzes and procedures to support decision makers' choices from the initial stages
Skills in drafting a Feasibility Study (SdF), coupled with the development of an information architecture that highlights the strategic dimension of planning policies linked to the selected case studies
Skills to apply feasibility verification tools even in a management key
Skills to identify funding sources
Ability to collect, organize and interpret data for the knowledge of the territory 'and of the communities established therein in its historical, morphological, social, economic, functional aspects;
Ability to develop projects by controlling the financial implications and relationships with local and global market contexts;
Ability to carry out evaluation activities with specific tools and with reference to private, public and private-public interventions;
Ability to co-ordinate and carry out pre-feasibility and feasibility checks of projects, measuring them with their functional, technological, energy, structural, social and environmental implications;
Ability to assess the repercussions and impacts that the proposed transformations may induce on the spatial, cultural and social contexts of the territorial, even minor, contexts.
Ability to communicate the project.
Within the Laboratory, workshops, interdisciplinary seminars and meetings with professionals, technicians, teachers and foreign students are also planned
In the current debate, the theme of the Reuse of Historical Heritage has become central and the skills of those who have the task of intervening on the built must also be accompanied by tools that allow for ex ante evaluation of the transformations, the mapping of stakeholders and the impacts in terms of social benefits. The chosen cases, on which to find compatible reuses, lead students to reason within the estimation discipline and to relate to values in play, as well as to identify financial and social conveniences and budgets.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Preliminary to the Atelier are considered the skills acquired in the three-years degree course (theory and history of restoration, drawing and survey, structural and technological disciplines, history of architecture)
VALORISATION AND EVALUATION
The student must have knowledge and skills already acquired in a three-year course: basic notions of estimation discipline (private law and public law field), theoretical principles of project evaluation and fundamentals analysis of the data statistics.
The case study of the Atelier is the enhancement of Palazzo d’Oria in Ciriè (in relation to the axis of the villa Remmert and the historical center) together with the improvement of its accessibility as well as the competitive framework of the urban area and the surrounding territory.
The theme will be the subject of a Memorandum of Understanding for research activities between the Politecnico di Torino-Department of Architecture and Design (DAD), Ciriè Municipality and ASCOM.
Palazzo d'Oria stands on the remains of a 16th century palace which underwent several transformations during the 17th and 18th centuries up to the most recent interventions of the early 20th century. It is currently undergoing restoration works (with a Superintendency work-site) and most of the municipal functions have been moved since April in a detached seat.
It is a good example of the issues of a valorisation path, focusing on the difficulty of identifying, by the public body, sufficiently convincing destinations for the protection, economic sustainability, viability For the user, to completely disincentive the implementation of any form of conversion and reactivation of their use.
This type of good is also suitable for direct and indirect (bibliographic and archive sources) analysis which, by comparing with historical manual (the Architecture Treaties of the late nineteenth century), could To allow for a sufficiently articulated framework to contribute to the reconstruction of an important fragment of the history of constructive technique. To this end, it is an indispensable tool for the restoration project not only of the objects specifically examined in the Atelier but also of typologically comparable objects or in any case related to a similar figurative and technical context.
RESTORATION (6 CFU)
The themes of the Atelier's exercise are those described in FOREWORD.
In the restoration unit the three consecutive phases of knowledge interpretation and project are strictly related, in a process that starting from the preliminary examination of indirect sources and from the initial site-surveys leads to the final design synthesis - through the critical processing developed in the seminar phase (central core of the interdisciplinary activity).
The restoration project must include: (i) the definition of a master plan, based on the potential of the building and area within the conservation objectives; (ii) the development of an integrated conservation project, at the urban and/or landscape scale, defining the interventions aimed at ensuring the permanence of the case study, the re-using strategy (in terms of pathways and elements), the relationship between the preservation of the ancient and the compatible addition of the new. In-depth analyses may proposed, at different scales, in any case strictly respecting the architectural and constructional substance of the case study.
The teaching comprises a general theoretical presentation of the knowledge-interpretation-project methodology (supported by the analysis of exemplary case-studies and site-surveys) and a specific in-depth preliminary examination of the Atelier themes in their architectural and constructional consistency.
The Atelier comprises monographic lectures (even with the illustration of real cases), seminars, classroom exercises and site-surveys.
These are articulated as follows:
Lectures Hours: 16 Language: IT
Tutoring + Revisions Hours: 40 Language: IT
Site-surveys Hours: 18 Language: IT
VALORISATION AND EVALUATION (6 CFU)
The themes of the Atelier's exercise are those described in FOREWORD.
In full synergy with the restoration module, the disciplinary contribution of "valuation / valorisation" is to provide the economic and financial tools necessary to verify the economic and financial feasibility of restoration projects and reuse them, always having their public component.
On these premises, in the Valorisation module, the topics discussed to deal with the case of Oria Palace and the territory of Ciriè and according to canonical modes of atelier (frontal communication with classroom exercises and multidisciplinary laboratory exercises also with the help of computer workstations and with discussion and review even collegial moments of the works in progress) are the following:
• Presentation of the case study
• Implications on the theme of Cultural Heritage and the methods and tools of evaluation discipline
• Methods for evaluating the resources of Cultural Heritage and the models of choice in the economic evaluation of public goods: the strategic phase and concepts of VET (Total Value) and Value Components
• SdF and its components (territorial analysis / analysis of the competitive framework and SWOT)
• General introduction to direct methods and sources and tools: questionnaires
• Methods of Evaluation of Cultural Property Resources and Selection Models in Economic Valuation of Public Goods: The Tactical Phase and Monetary Methods and the Family of Cost Benefits Analysis
• the methods of supporting the choice and definition of economically advantageous judgments between alternatives: the monetary methods from the private point of view and the Household of the Revenue Cost Analysis
• The profitability of investments related to transformation projects: definition of VAN, TIR and discount rate through a comparison of private investments and public investment
• Project financing: finding resources and funding channels.
• time / management node, building a business plan and identifying and achieving the Break-even Point (BEP)
• Cost-related analytical items for function management: classification and quantification of management cost items, cost centers and result areas and any parametric indicators related to specific functions (eg performance indicators)
These are articulated as follows:
Lectures Hours: 23 Language: IT
Tutoring + Revisions Hours: 46 Language: IT
Site-surveys Hours: 10 Language: IT
RESTORATION + VALORISATION AND EVALUATION
The students are requested to work in groups composed by maximum 3 persons (exceptionally 4).
Their work will be constantly monitored by teachers and supported with lectures and exercises.
The progress of the work will be checked jointly by both teachers, in a collective revision, after the first half of the Atelier.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
References will be reported during the individual learning activities, in relation to the addressed issues.
The basic material for the exercise will be constantly updated on the website of the course, where students will also find excerpts of the lectures.
Carbonara G., Avvicinamento al restauro. Teoria, storia, monumenti, Napoli, 1997.
Carbonara G., Atlante del restauro, Torino, 2004.
Carocci C.F., Tocci C. (a cura di), Antonino Giuffrè. Leggendo il libro delle antiche architetture: aspetti statici del restauro, saggi 1985-1997, Roma, 2010.
Dalla Costa M., Il progetto di restauro per la conservazione del costruito, Torino, 2000.
Doglioni F., Nel restauro. Progetti per le architetture del passato, Venezia, 2008.
Formenti C., La Pratica del Fabbricare, Milano, 1893.
VALORISATION AND EVALUATION
The references listed in the following are not all mandatory but strongly recommended, at least for the parts treated in the lectures and during exercises, gathered in the material uploaded on the educational portal
Gron S., Naretto M., Primavera A. (a cura di), Learning from Heritage. Progetti per il castello di Parpaglia, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, 2016.
Bollo A, Coscia C., Gli strumenti economico-estimativi nel decision making e nella verifica di sostenibilità dei progetti di riuso, in: Ientile R., Romeo E. (a cura di), La conservazione dell’architettura e del suo contesto. Protocollo per una valutazione integrata del patrimonio di Pinerolo, Celid, Torino, 2009.
Coscia C, Fregonara E., Strumenti economico-estimativi nella valorizzazione delle risorse architettoniche e culturali, Celid, Torino, 2004;
Curto R., "Strategie e progetti per la valorizzare e gestire il patrimonio esistente", in Estimo e territorio, anno LXVI, n. 12, dicembre 2003;
Florio M., La valutazione degli investimenti pubblici. I progetti nell’Unione Europea e nell’esperienza internazionale, Voll. I e II, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2002.
Ancarani F., Valdani E. (a cura di), Strategie di marketing del territorio. Generare valore per le imprese e i territori nell'economia della conoscenza, Milano, EGEA, 2001 ;
Caroli M., Il marketing territoriale, Milano, F. Angeli, 1999; Grossi, Roberto e Meneguzzo Marco (a cura di), La valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale per lo sviluppo locale, Primo Rapporto Annuale di Federculture, Milano, Touring Editore, 2002;
Osservatorio Culturale del Piemonte, Relazione Annuale 2004, Torino, Ires, 2005.
Argano L., Bollo A., Dalla Sega P., C. Vivalda C., Gli eventi Culturali, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2005; Bollo A. (a cura di), I pubblici dei musei. Conoscenza e politiche, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2008.
Lecture notes by the teacher, on-line
Assessment and grading criteria
The final assessment will take into account the intermediate evaluations (the exercise revised by both teachers, that will weight the 70% of the final mark) whose weight is , the final discussion and, globally, the whole work.
The attendance of the Atelier is a fundamental condition to develop positively the activities of the two units of the Atelier.
The exam may be passed only with a positive judgement in both disciplines of the Atelier.
The final assessment will be unique and will represent the result of the weighted average of the individual modules evaluations.
PLEASE NOTE THAT A COMMON FORMAT FOR FINAL PLATES WILL BE 'PROVIDED, BY TEACHING GROUP, FOR BOTH ATELIER UNITS.
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2017/18