Politecnico di Torino  
Anno Accademico 2017/18  
01QVTLP Signals and systems 

Corso di Laurea in Electronic And Communications Engineering (Ingegneria Elettronica E Delle Comunicazioni)  Torino 





Presentazione
The class describes the main fundamental analysis and processing techniques for deterministic and random continuoustime signals (first part), and for deterministic and random discretetime signals (second part). The topics are quite multidisciplinary in the sense that these notions and techniques are used in many of the classes that follow.
For the final project, each student will develop a simple Matlab simulator of a communication link. 
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
The specific knowledge and abilities that the student will acquire are:
 Knowledge of the classification of signals.  Knowledge of frequency analysis for continuoustime signals.  Knowledge of linear timeinvariant (LTI) systems, as well as of their representation in the time and frequency domains.  Knowledge of the basic types of signal filters.  Knowledge of the analytic signals and systems representation and ability to use it properly.  Knowledge of random signals (called random processes), of their statistical characterization and of their spectral representation.  Ability to classify signals with respect to their properties.  Ability to transform and analyze a signal in the time and frequency domains.  Ability to classify and analyze a LTI system in the time and frequency domains.  Ability to statistically describe a random process and to characterize its spectral properties, as well as its interactions with LTI systems.  Knowledge of the techniques for passing from a continuoustime to discretetime signal, and viceversa.  Knowledge of the techniques for digital processing of a signal in the frequency domain.  Knowledge of the techniques for discretetime processing of digital signals in the frequency domain.  Knowledge of the techniques for analysis of LTI systems in discretetime, and of the Ztransform.  Knowledge of digital filters structures (FIR, IIR), and their design techniques.  Ability to pass from discrete time to continuous time signals, and viceversa.  Ability to process discretetime signals and systems in the time and zdomain.  Ability to analyze and design discretetime LTI systems. The final project will allow the student  to get a better understanding of the concepts of random process, of stationarity, cyclostationarity and ergodicity  to acquire the ability to design and implement a filter  to improve critical thinking  to acquire the ability to write report  to improve the ability to communicate ideas and methods, and to critically comment the results. 
Prerequisiti / Conoscenze pregresse
Fundamentals of Calculus (including trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions, with their properties). Fundamental notions of linear algebra, Euclidean spaces and the representation of their elements in terms of components vs. a basis. Complex analysis of functions in one or two variables. Fourier series, Fourier and Laplace transforms. First order linear differential equations. Probability theory: discrete and continuous random variables, probability density function, expectation operator. Geometric series and their convergence criteria.

Programma
Topics dealt with in the class:
 Signal classification; energy and power (0.4 CFU)  Linear and innerproduct spaces, signal spaces, signal canonical representation and approximants (0.8 CFU)  Fourier series and transform (0.8 CFU)  Linear Time Invariant (LTI) systems, impulse response and transfer function (1 CFU)  Analytic (complex) signals and systems representation (0.4 CFU).  Energy spectrum and autocorrelation function. Periodic signals and power spectral density (1 CFU)  Random processes (2 CFU)  Sampling theorem (0.4 CFU)  Discrete time signals: basic operations, energy and power (0.3 CFU)  Discrete time Fourier transform, circular convolution, discrete time Fourier transform (0.9s CFU)  Discrete time LTI systems: time and frequency analysis, Z transform based analysis (1 CFU)  Digital filters with finite (FIR) and infinite (IIR) impulse response. Windowbased design of FIR filters. Bilinear transformationbased design of IIR filters. (1 CFU) (CFUs are indicative – variations are possible.) 
Organizzazione dell'insegnamento
Theoretical topics are dealt with in regular lectures. Regarding problemsolving, the teachers solve problems in class on the topics introduced during the lecture.

Testi richiesti o raccomandati: letture, dispense, altro materiale didattico
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
Textbooks: 1. P. Poggiolini and M. Visintin, Class Notes on Signal Analysis and Processing (downloadable from the course portal). For further (optional) reading: 2. A. Papoulis e S. U. Pillai, Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes, McGrawHill, 2002. 3. Luca Mesin, Introduction to signal theory, CLUT. 4. L. Lo Presti e F. Neri, L'analisi dei segnali, CLUT, 1992. 5. L. Lo Presti e F. Neri, Introduzione ai processi casuali, CLUT, 1992. 6. M. Laddomada e M. Mondin, Elaborazione numerica dei segnali, Pearson, 2007. 
Criteri, regole e procedure per l'esame
The knowledge and the ability to apply it will be verified during the written and oral final examination. The oral examination will include an assessment of the students’ communication skills.
The final exam is both written and oral. The student is asked to solve at least three problems, which he/she has to solve in writing. However, the process is interactive with the teachers, who ask questions about the methods used to solve the problem and may ask additional theoretical questions related to the problems. The exam lasts about 1.5 to 2 hours on average. The three questions deal with the three main sections of the class: deterministic timecontinuous signals and linear systems, discretetime signals and linear systems, random processes (one each). The overall exam is "closed books". The final grade will also take into consideration the written report of the final project. The grading criteria are as follows: 1) the correctness of the answer provided to the written problems and oral questions 2) the ability to appropriately use the methods and techniques taught in class 3) the autonomy and promptness of the student in providing the answers, as well as the knowledge of the appropriate technical terms 4) the correctness and clearness of the final project report. The grade is expressed in thirtieths. A particularly brilliant exam may earn a "plus" or "lode". 
Orario delle lezioni 
Statistiche superamento esami 
