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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2016/17
01QXGMW, 01QXGND
Sustainable use of biomasses for energy
Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Chemical And Sustainable Processes Engineering - Torino
Master of science-level of the Bologna process in Energy And Nuclear Engineering - Torino
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
Pirone Raffaele ORARIO RICEVIMENTO PO ING-IND/27 48 12 0 0 8
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ING-IND/27 6 D - A scelta dello studente A scelta dello studente
Subject fundamentals
The course covers an emerging field of the modern chemical engineering, focused on the innovative and critical review of industrial chemistry in order not only to reduce the impact of products and processes on human health and the environment, but rather to "rethink" the process and the technology in a way it is inherently sustainable. The course also aims to give an overview of the most innovative processes of chemistry, especially for energy production on renewable sources (biomasses) and aims to provide guidelines and scientific tools to measure and increase the "sustainability" of a process or a product.
Contents
The chemical industry. The age of oil (resources, exploitation, issues). The age of Sustainability.
Raw materials and energy. Biomass as an alternative to fossil fuels. Chemical composition of traditional fuels and biomass. Exploitation of resources for energy purposes or for the delivery of chemicals. The basic chemistry. Production of "Fine Chemicals". Improvements and innovations in a chemical process: economic and environmental considerations. Green chemistry. Enunciation of the 12 principles of Green Chemistry. Analysis of industrial processes and possible innovative modifications. Tools of the Green Chemistry: Alternative raw materials; reagents, solvents, and catalysts. Role of catalysis. The principles of biocatalysis and its applications in the synthesis of biofuels.
Examples of industrial applications of sustainable processes: biorefinery. Conversion of biomass, bio-ethanol, bio-oil; biodiesel and biogas. Traditional solutions and innovative processes.
Principles of fermentation technology. Method of operation; reactor type; sterilization. Yeasts.
Analysis of the life cycle and technical and economic criteria for the correct analysis of the feasibility of innovative processes. The energy balance over the cycle of energy production from biomass (LCA).
Tutorials: Balance of matter and energy on the process schematics. LCA of products and / or processes: case studies of specific issues in the energy sector in the exploitation of renewable resources. Quantitative evaluations
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
- Tracy C. Williamson, Green Chemistry: Frontiers in Benign Chemical Synthesies and Processes by Paul Anastas Ed, October 1998, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 019850170
- John C. Warner, Green Chemisry: Theory and Practice, Paul Anastas Ed., Oxford University Press, 2000, ISBN: 0198606988
- Stephen C., Garrett R.L., Designing safer chemicals: green Chemistry for Pollution Prevention, American Chemical Society, Washington D.C., 1996, ISBN 0-8412-3443-4
- Tundo P., Anastas P.T., Green chemistry: challenging perspectives, Oxford University Press, 2000, ISBN 0-19-850455-1
- E.S. Stevens, Green Plastics: An Introduction to the New Science of Biodegradable Plastics.
- Wool R., Sun X.-S., Biobased Polymers and Composites, Elsevier, August 2005, ISBN 0127639527
Assessment and grading criteria
The exam is basically made up of a written test: a computational problem analyzing the sustainability of a concrete innovative real process, usually linked to the exploitation of renewable resources, accompanied by some notional / descriptive question on the fundamentals of sustainability process learned.

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2016/17
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