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Politecnico di Torino
Anno Accademico 2016/17
01QXOQN
Atelier: the architectural sustainable design E
Corso di Laurea Magistrale in Architettura Per Il Progetto Sostenibile - Torino
Docente Qualifica Settore Lez Es Lab Tut Anni incarico
Robiglio Matteo ORARIO RICEVIMENTO O2 ICAR/14 42 18 0 30 2
Guallart Furio Vicente       60 0 0 25 1
Micono Carlo ORARIO RICEVIMENTO     42 18 0 25 4
SSD CFU Attivita' formative Ambiti disciplinari
ICAR/12
ICAR/14
ING-IND/11
6
6
6
B - Caratterizzanti
B - Caratterizzanti
B - Caratterizzanti
Discipline tecnologiche per l'architettura e la produzione edilizia
Progettazione architettonica e urbana
Discipline fisico-tecniche ed impiantistiche per l'architettura
Presentazione
The Atelier proposes a multi-disciplinary learn-by-design experience for the student at the first year of Master course.
The integration of the three disciplines making the Workshop – architecture, technology, energetics - offers the student the possibility of increasing her/his understanding of sustainability issues and capability of proposing holistic design solutions, in a tutorial project where concepts are applied and tested in a real-case multi-scale urban scenario.
Risultati di apprendimento attesi
The expected learning outcomes are:
- theory of architecture and urban design;
- theory and practice of sustainable architecture and planning;
- tools and methods of the sustainable design disciplines;
- eco-friendly building technologies and materials.
Teaching is provided in the form of lectures, thematic seminars and hands-on design training, coordinated between various modules of the different disciplines.
The student will achieve the following capabilities:
- be able to face planning and design with both theoretical and practical tools;
- be able to carry out design activities with an integrated and multi-disciplinary approach;
- be able to analyse significant aspects of the planning sites, in their historical, urban and environmental contexts;
- be able to develop project ideas, consistent with the dominant character of the area under study;
- be able to solve complex problems from a multidisciplinary perspective, in particular, the sustainable transformation of natural and built environment, and quality of architecture related to environmental and building sciences.
Prerequisiti / Conoscenze pregresse
Attendance to the Atelier requires design skills and preliminary knowledge that is usually acquired in a standard architecture bachelor (3y) program.
The student must have a clear understanding of urban design issues and architectural design fundamentals (distribution, typology, morphology, composition) and a basic knowledge in urban history and architectural history, especially regarding urban morphology and building typology. He/she must have a clear understanding of building and urban physics principles, and a basic knowledge of construction principles and building technologies.
The student must be able to work by hand-sketching, basic 3D modelling and hand-made modelling.
Programma
The self-sufficient neighbourhood project
linking urban and building scale in smart and adaptive design

The Self-Sufficient Neighbourhood is a research project led by Vicente Guallart in Barcelona at IAAC – the Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia focused in demonstrating how radical ideas on self-sufficiency can reach reality, empowering cities to produced the whole amount of their needed resources
The SSN principles will be for the first time applied in this Atelier to the regeneration of an existing industrial brownfield area integrating new architecture and adaptive reuse of existing buildings.

The project goal is to design a neighbourhood of about 1 km2 area, reusing an industrial brownfield with existing buildings to be adapted to new uses, starting from the idea of the distributed city, inspired on the urban fabric of Taipei and the Barcelona’s system of local urban facilities, encouraging the condition by which each person should have, in a radius of 500m from his residence, any equipment needed for his community life.

Design will be based on the following principles:

1. Street variety, mixed uses and diverse city.
2. Recycling of all waste products, bringing them back to the production chain (Digital or not).
3. Energy self-sufficiency based on rooftop photovoltaics and district heating.
4. Production of the 90% of a vegan diet on rooftops, public space and LED farming.
5. Storage of rainwater collection and energy production out of black waters.
6. A city without private cars, just public transport and shared vehicles.
7. Neighborhood with all needed facilities at a neighborhood scale and some at city scale.
8. Housing based on rental, residencies and shared spaces.

All systems are based on the Internet of the Things, applied to each one of the city layers.

Design research will explore the following issues:

1. Urban Planning
The development and design of a self-sufficient and distributed neighborhood will require the student to defy most of the existing rules of production and management of resources in the way they have worked until now. A proper mix, diversity and overlapping density of uses, cycles and processes within the neighborhood scale becomes crucial.
2. Matter Cycle
This cycle - also called Flow of Things - is made by the system of people, activities, information and resources involved in providing a product from the supplier to the consumer. Life of the products is understood as a continuous process, following cradle to cradle principles and analyzing expendability and obsolescence.
3. Energy
Solar energy (thermal and photovoltaic) is the most suitable source to be integrated in mid-density urban fabrics. Biogas and biomass, linked to synergies with food and water cycles, aim to complete the proposed energy mix. Diffused storage and smart grid will complete the energy strategy of the neighbourhood.
4. Food
Within our neighbourhood, vegan diet has been adopted as the main dietary regimen. Fruits and vegetables that will be grown within the area have been selected for being the most nutritious ones that consume the less water. Different methods of agriculture will be adopted: permaculture, green rooftops - with honeybee farming, vertical farming, LED farming and indoor agriculture, paying special attention to the delicate balances between population density, naturalization and relocalization of mass-produced models for food and their water and energy consumption ratios.
5. Water
Water cycle is organically related to food, matter, and energy. A holistic approach to the entire cycle is needed, reconnecting waste and demand, closing loops between outputs and inputs. The research will define water-crop relationship and seasonal water demand of agricultural system. The instability of rainwater capacity of our system will be considered, producing different kinds of recycling and treatment facilities.
6. Mobility
A proper mix of uses, a proper definition of the urban pattern scale, and a proper deployment of electric public transport systems and vehicle sharing networks would allow for an almost complete car-free district within each neighbourhood. Intelligent urban transport systems will connect transportation modes, services, and technologies together in innovative new ways, providing more precise knowledge of the traffic situation across the entire road network.
7. Facilities
Facilities are divided in four levels: city, neighbourhood, hyper-block and block level. Most of the facilities are at neighbourhood level. Location of facilities is based on proximity to public spaces, green spaces or squares. The study of relations between facilities explains the level of connection among different uses, in order to define groups of facilities to be located in the same building.
8. Housing
Housing design will define physical structure - which refers to its size and number of bedrooms - and social structure - which brings up the question of household types and their relationship with their dwellings. The housing program will develop three main strategies: shared housing for single person households, mixed typology of housing blocks and hybrid buildings
Organizzazione dell'insegnamento
The Atelier aims at introducing students to the current debate and best practice on smart and low-carbon cities and buildings, bringing them into the up-to-date research domain of the team of tutors.
The practical training will facilitate the student in the implementation of innovative solutions, by designing and evaluating their effectiveness and performances.
The student activity will integrate urban and architectural design, environmental technology, technical physics, from the masterplan scale to building design.

Design practice involves a common framework for all design steps:
- all activities will result in a clearly identified product (text or graphical work);
- the outcome of each activity can be considered a milestone in the development of the overall final design;
- at each milestone, design strategies or products are presented to all Atelier members (tutors and students, invited external critics); these collective discussions and debates are first-stage evaluations, that will end with the final examination.
All activities will be tracked through the Atelier web Blog (see examples here and here); each student is in charge of constantly updating his/her page on it.
The ability to clearly illustrate and effectively discuss the design products is considered an important outcome, since accurate presentations are fundamental components in current urban programs (consultation and negotiation processes).

In the first phase of the Atelier (urban design), design research will be carried out by students organized in small groups (3-5 students), to develop later into individual work (building design).


Study trip

A one-week study trip to IAAC in Barcelona will be part of the Atelier program. During this week, students will carry out intensive design activities, visit projects and participate to events and lectures.
A financial contribution and organisational effort will be required from all participants. An application for special students’ activity funding will be introduced, based on an autonomous budget and program prepared by the students with the support of teaching staff.
Testi richiesti o raccomandati: letture, dispense, altro materiale didattico
A first reading list is provided hereby. Further bibliographic references will be provided during the course. Regular reading of current international architectural sources (reviews, websites, books) is required to nurture individual design research.


• Matteoli L., Pagani R., "CITYFUTURES, Architettura Design Tecnologia per il futuro delle città", Hoepli Milano 2010
• Chiesa G., "Biomimetica, tecnologia e innovazione per l'architettura", Celid Torino 2010
• Butera F.M., Dalla caverna alla casa ecologica. Storia del comfort e dell'energia, Edizioni Ambiente, 2007
• AA.VV. "A Green Vitruvius, Principles and Practice of Sustainable Architectural Design", James&James Publisher, London 1999
• Guallart, Vicente, "The self-sufficient city", Actar Barcelona 2014
• Guallart, Vicente. "Plans and Projects for Barcelona 2011-15", Actar Barcelona 2016
• Marianella Sclavi (Ed.), Iolanda Romano, Sergio Guercio, Andrea Pillon, Matteo Robiglio, Isabelle Toussaint "Avventure Urbane. Progettare la città con gli abitanti" Eleuthera, Milano 2014 (2)
• Matteo Robiglio, Giovanni Durbiano "Paesaggio e Architettura nell'Italia Contemporanea" Donzelli, Roma 2003
• M. Baum, K. Christiaanse (ed.), "City as a Loft. Adaptive Reuse as a resource for sustainable urban development", GTA Verlag, Zurich 2012.
• M. Robiglio, "The adaptive reuse toolkit. How cities can turn their industrial legacy into infrastructure for innovation and growth", GMF, Washington DC, 2016 (in print)
• Stefanutti L., "Impianti di climatizzazione", Milano, Tecniche Nuove, 2011
• Stefanutti L., "Impianti per gli edifici sostenibili", Milano, Tecniche Nuove 2009
• ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, Air conditioning Engineers) handbooks: "Fundamentals and HVAC Applications".
• Haines, R.W., Wilson, C. L., "HVAC systems design handbook" - 5rd ed. (McGraw-Hill) New York
• Watson, D., editor (1993), "The Energy Design Handbook". AIA Press, Washington DC.
Criteri, regole e procedure per l'esame
The Atelier/Workshop implies a regular participation that will lead to an individual judgment. The activities will be monitored through interim evaluations, with the participation of all tutors. These interim assessments will concur in the final grade, complementing the presentation and discussion of final design product.
Atelier activities are carried out by students in groups and individually.
The final evaluation for each student will be an individual one (expressed with one score), that takes account interim evaluations (written, oral, graphical) and mono-disciplinary seminars, evaluation of presentations and discussions, individual participation in all working steps, activity on the Atelier blog.
In order to pass the exam the student must prove the achievement of a positive result in all disciplines belonging to the Atelier/Workshop.


Orario delle lezioni
Statistiche superamento esami

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2016/17
Indietro



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