Politecnico di Torino
Politecnico di Torino
Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2007/08
Motor vehicle design
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Automotive Engineering - Torino
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
Velardocchia Mauro ORARIO RICEVIMENTO PO ING-IND/13 32 24 0 0 10
SSD CFU Activities Area context
B - Caratterizzanti
B - Caratterizzanti
Ingegneria meccanica
Ingegneria meccanica
Objectives of the course
The module aims at providing the basic knowledge for the planning of the main parts of the vehicle (cars and industrial vehicles). In
particular those ideas concerning the main subsystems of the chassis (tyres and wheels, suspension, brakes, steering gear) analyzing
in detail the functions, the most common structure and constructional solutions and introducing some methods of analysis of their
behaviour. The module also has the goal of giving the students the instruments to compute vehicle performance in terms of speed,
acceleration fuel consumption and handling.
Expected skills
The student is expected to learn a basics knowledge on the working of the basic components of a motor vehicle, including tyres brakes,
suspensions, steering.
Ability to analyse and simulate the main performances of a motor vehicle
The subjects dealt with in the modules 'The car and its evolution', Technical design, Mathematical analysis I e II, Geometry, Basic
Mechanics are considered as a prerequisite for understanding the contents of this module.
1. Introduction

Aims and contents of the module.

Reference frames for the vehicle and the tires.

2. Forces and moments acting on a vehicle

Tire-road contact forces

Aerodynamic forces and moments

3. Performance of the vehicle

Distribution of ground loads and load transferl

Power required for motion

Available power

Choice of the gear ratios

Maximum performance (speed, acceleration, gradeability)

Fuel consumption

Braking on straight road

Kinematic steering

4. Design of the chassis subsystems

Use of CAD systems

Constructional details of the most common suspensions for cars and industrial vehicles

Basics of elastokinematic analysis of the suspension

Constructional details of the most common type of steering gears used for cars and industrial vehicles

Basics on the kinematic analysis of the steering gear

Constructional details of the components of a hydraulic or pneumatic braking system

Elements for the optimal distribution of the braking power on the wheels

Bench work and methods of experimentation
Laboratories and/or exercises
Choice of engine and gears ratios necessary to attain the required speed and acceleration; computation of other dynamic performances
and analysis of their sensitivity to variation of the design parameters.

Computation of the fuel consumption and analysis of its sensitivity to variations of the design parameters.
Importance of the kinematics of the suspension and of the points for attachment to the body; calculation of the characteristic angles of
the wheel; analysis of the the effect of some geometrical variations (in collaboration with the module Assisted Design ).

Tutorial Programme

The teaching personnel will make themselves available to the students, at stated times, in order to supply explanations and to informally
verify the level of learning.

Didactic Material

The recommended reference text is:

Genta, Motor vehicle mechanics, World Scientific, Singapore, 2004

Useful sources for further closer examinations:

Reimpell & Stoll, The Automotive Chassis, Arnold.

Lechner & Naunheimer, The Automotive Transmission, Springer.

Morelli, Progetto dell'Autoveicolo-Concetti di Base, Celid.

The didactic material used during the lessons will be made available to the students in the form of CD ROM, with illustrations, diagrams
and notes on concepts that have been explained during the lessons.

Exam Procedure

The exam consists of a written test at the end of the module and a discussion and evaluation of the training carried out.

Programma provvisorio per l'A.A.2005/06

© Politecnico di Torino
Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24 - 10129 Torino, ITALY
WCAG 2.0 (Level AA)