Politecnico di Torino
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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2012/13
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Philosophy of sciences
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Aerospace Engineering - Torino
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Mechanical Engineering - Torino
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Automotive Engineering - Torino
Espandi...
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
D'Agostini Franca ORARIO RICEVIMENTO     54 0 0 0 12
SSD CFU Activities Area context
M-FIL/02 6 D - A scelta dello studente A scelta dello studente
Subject fundamentals
The course is introductory in nature and provides the student with the fundamental philosophical tools needed to critically think about the scientific method and reasoning, as well as about the nature of the scientific enterprise. Strong importance will be given to the relation between science and society.
Expected learning outcomes
The course provides the knowledge of the basic structures of the scientific, philosophical, and common reasoning, required to improve studentsí argumentative and reasoning skills. This will allow them to recognize valid from invalid arguments in each field of experience. The student who successfully completes the course will learn to recognize the patterns of reasoning and argumentation that are traditionally used in science, both from an abstract perspective and an applied one. S/he will be able to apply different demarcation methods to distinguish between sciences and pseudosciences and will acquire the conceptual instruments required to reflect on the interactions between science and society, developing an autonomous critical thinking. These skills will allow the student to improve the capability of analyzing more critically, consciously, and informed the role and the impact that scientific practices and technologies have on the contemporary society.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
No assumed knowledge is required
Contents
The aim of the course is to provide a general introduction to scientific reasoning and argumentation. The first part of the course is devoted to an overview of the philosophy of science and the scientific reasoning (verification principle and falsification principle, demarcation problem, induction, deduction). The second part consists in the analysis and application of what learnt in the first part to the specific field of environmental sciences (conservation policies and practices, the role and impact of technologies, social and institutional aspects in scientific theory and practice, relation between pure sciences and applied sciences).
Delivery modes
Lectures and excercices. Regular frequency to the classes is strongly suggested.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
Books:
S. Okasha, Il primo libro di filosofia della scienza, Einaudi, Torino 2006
A. Borghini, E. Casetta, Filosofia della biologia, Carocci, Roma 2013

Suggested readings:
J. Ladyman, Filosofia della scienza, Carocci, Roma 2007
T. Kuhn, La struttura delle rivoluzioni scientifiche, Einaudi, Torino 1979
M. Ruse, Filosofia della biologia, Il Mulino, Bologna 1976
E. Casetta, La sfida delle chimere, Mimesis, Milano 2009
M. Frixione, Come ragioniamo, Laterza, Roma Bari 2007
T. Andina (a c. di), Filosofia contemporanea (capp. 1,2,6,7)
Assessment and grading criteria
The exam consists of a mandatory written test consisting of both multiple-choice questions and open-answer questions. If required, it twill be possible to replace the written test with an oral exam.

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2016/17
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