|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2012/13|
Urban Design (Studio)
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Territorial, Urban, Environmental And Landscape Planning - Torino
The Studio ‘Urban Design’ has multidisciplinary characteristics and integrates two courses: ‘Urban Planning Design’ and ‘Analysis and design of urban morphology’. It aims at help the students to acquire familiarity with the tools and methods of urban planning, carefully considering both its potentiality and its limits. The contents of the lectures deal in particular with the town planning and the urban design, considering both the morphological and the functional asset. The Studio is held in the first semester of the second year.
Expected learning outcomes
- Ability to approach a project at urban and local level: urban scheme (main aspects) and detailed executive plan.
- Knowledge of the concepts and key planning main parameters (standard, building index, uses and zoning, urban block, urban fabric, "urban project", etc..).
- Ability to identify the main formal, functional, socio-economic and environmental factors that characterize the structure of a specific urban context, with the aim to assess the conditions and potential for transformation.
- Ability to approach the building design as a mean to put in effect and test the program of the master plan.
- Ability to consider carefully the implementation issues of a detailed plan.
- Ability to frame the urban change in a scenario of sustainable development.
- Ability to communicate the work carried out (with reports and drawings) and to discuss appropriately its content.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Knowledge of the planning system at the local level: Master Plan and Detailed Plan.
Ability to describe, analyze, interpret a settlement system in its various aspects (history, geography, landscape, environment, ...).
Ability to read and summarize the functional and infrastructural frameworks of an urban/territorial system.
Ability to process analysis and design tables with appropriate graphics editing software.
The two teaching units of the Atelier deal independently with the theoretical aspects of each discipline (planning and design). The training contents are functional to the development of an urban project jointly developed.
Program of the teaching unit 'Urban Design'
The course covers the basic elements of knowledge in order to develop an initial training on the characters of planning and urban design, as tools aimed at the rehabilitation of contemporary city. The lessons provide students with conceptual and operational tools in order to:
- work out analysis and design frameworks for projects, plans and programs of urban rehabilitation;
- draft a project of urban transformation at the intermediate scale, in a frame of sustainable development;
- develop regulatory frameworks, formal solutions and guidelines for the rehabilitation of built and open areas, with measures of protection and transformation.
Program of the teaching unit 'Analysis and design of urban morphology'
The course consists in lectures and exercises on the recognition of the 'urban form' through morphological and typological reading of the historical urban areas. It has the aim to identify which elements characterize the field of study and materialize the image of local 'genius loci’, as well as to read the different architectural systems of urban space.
Project Workshop 'in urban design'
The project is based on the critical knowledge of phenomena of the contemporary city. The given task is to elaborate plausible scenarios of transformation, in spatial and functional terms, within the existing city.
To this end consistent forms of intervention at multiple levels will be explored, especially concerning the morphological, functional, environmental, socio-economic aspects. The consistency with both other strategies of transformation will be also taken into account.
The study area is located within an area of urban transformation, in a city of Piedmont. In it, the Master Plan proposes a rehabilitation process with different functional purposes.
Teaching methodology and course organization
The workshop foresee the processing of analysis and proposals framing all the interventions for the rehabilitation, taking as reference the theory and the study cases related to the concept of urban project/design.
L'Atelier is developed by means of different teaching activities:
- Lectures, introductory and in-depth, dedicated to the theoretical and technical content of the proposed urban project;
- Study visits to the site of intervention;
- Laboratory work, carried out in the classroom in order to develop and design the proposed project.
The laboratory activities are punctuated by exercises, conceived as mid-term learning output; the works of the students are subject to an assessment which affects the final grade.
The final works are written in a form as close as possible to that of ordinary professional elaborate.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
F. Selicato, F. Rotondo, Progettazione urbanistica, teorie e tecniche, McGraw-Hill, 2010 (pp. 1-16, 30-37, 44-72)
P. Gabellini, Tecniche urbanistiche, Carocci, Roma, 2001. (capp. 4, 5, 6, 8, 9)
M. Camasso, S. Gron, E. Vigliocco, Leggere, costruire, trasformare. Appunti di composizione architettonica e urbana, Celid, Torino 2008
Bottari A., Paesaggio, progettazione urbanistica e spazio pubblico. Un territorio per il progetto e la didattica, Aracne, 2012 (Parte seconda).
M. Romano, Costruire le città, Skira, 2004. (Pagg. 9-55)
G. Cinà (a cura di), L'innovazione del piano. Temi e strumenti urbanistici a confronto, Angeli, 1996 (pp. 13-83)
M. de Solà Morales, Verso una definizione. Analisi delle espansioni urbane dell’800, Lotus International 19, 1978.
L. Krier, Quarta lezione. Analisi e progetto dell’isolato urbano tradizionale, Lotus International 19, 1978.
J. P. Kleihues, Edilizia chiusa ed edilizia aperta, Lotus International 19, 1978.
N.G. Leone, Elementi della città e dell’urbanistica, Palumbo, 2004. (vedi le voci: isolato, quartiere, tessuto e contesto, tipo e modello, pp.124-138).
S. Gron, E. Vigliocco, Intersezione, più frammenti un unico soggetto. Intersection, Araba Fenice, Boves (CN) 2009
Legge Regionale 56-77 Piemonte
PRG del Comune di Chieri
Assessment and grading criteria
The examination consists on the verification and discussion of the design documents submitted by each group of students, in the manner dictated by the teachers. During the workshop some exercises will be also carried out, which assessment will contribute to the definition of the final grade.
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2012/13