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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2012/13
03AHXMB
Industrial Chemistry
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Chemical And Food Engineering - Torino
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
Ferrero Franco ORARIO RICEVIMENTO     68 18 14 0 12
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ING-IND/27 10 B - Caratterizzanti Ingegneria chimica
Subject fundamentals
Such a module provides the skills needed to understand the main processes of the chemical industry, with the dual optics of designing and managing the industrial process.
The general objective of the course is to provide the student with critical synthesis and analysis skills, based on the skills acquired in all the previously taught modules of the chemical and food engineering bachelor degree, of all physical phenomena playing a role and of the Unit Operations engaged in the development of chemical processes of practical interest.
More in detail, the expected outcome that the module propose to reach is to:
- stimulate the deepening of chemical knowledge aimed at industrial applications;
- induce the knowledge and the correct interpretation of processes carried out by the chemical industry;
- provide students with a methodology for calculating thermodynamic equilibria and mass and energy balances related to industrial chemical processes;
- provide general criteria for the realization of a chemical process.
Expected learning outcomes
The teaching is carried out in parallel with that of chemical plants and downstream of all other chemical and process engineering modules and has the ambition to complete the basic training of the chemical engineer through the application of acquired skills in practical problems such as those of the so-called "heavy" (or "bulk") chemical industry. Through the course, the student will have to acquire:
- In-depth knowledge of chemical reactions and unitary operations that are the basis of the main processes of industrial chemistry;
- the ability to understand the various aspects of a chemical process (thermodynamics, kinetics, catalysis, type of reactors, operating conditions, processes schemes, safety, environmental and economic aspects) and how their performance determines industrial performance;
- the ability to solve calculation problems related to mass and energy balances related to industrial chemistry processes;
- the ability to perform laboratory experiments in a correct manner to obtain useful measurements for the interpretation of kinetics and / or equilibria.
For the sake of autonomy of judgment and technical communication, the student must:
- know how to draw up correct technical reports;
- be able to statistically process the results of repeated measurements;
- be able to process numerical results according to theoretical models.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
The student who is going to attend this teaching must know the general chemistry, in particular the concepts of chemical equilibrium, the mass action law, the theory of acid-base equilibria and solubility, redox reactions, the principles electrochemistry, thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. He must also know the main classes of organic compounds, the main types of organic reactions, applications of spectrophotometry. Must be able to balance the equations of reaction and solving problem of complex process stoichiometric. It is also highly desirable that he knows how to perform literature searches on English sources.
Contents
Industrial chemistry, raw materials, basic chemistry, fine chemical and specialty (3 h).
Gas and liquid phase equilibria, balance equations (of mass and energy) in open systems, (9 h).
Catalysis and catalysts: physical and chemical adsorption, isotherms, with laboratory exercises (6 h) and heterogeneous catalysis calculation, preparation and characteristics of catalysts, homogenous catalysis (15 h, including in team laboratory activity).
Hydrogen: synthesis gas production and purification processes: steam reforming, partial oxidation, water gas shift; Separation of CO2 with physical and / or chemical absorption processes; Methanation and washing with liquid nitrogen. (26 h).
Nitrogen cycle: ammonia synthesis, nitric acid, nitrogen oxides (20 h).
Sulfur, sulfuric acid (18 h).
Liquefaction and air distillation: Linde process (9 h).
Delivery modes
Classroom exercises are related to the resolution of problems concerning (phase and chemical) equilibria over industrial chemical processes, proposed as examples and applications of the theoretical treatment. Similarly calculation exercises are performed regarding the mass and energy balances over processes. The issues exercises addressed in the classroom are similar to those that are proposed in the written examination. Attendance to classroom exercises is strongly recommended but not mandatory.
The laboratory exercises are organized in groups of three or four students. For each exercise, each group is required to prepare a written report containing data acquired during the experience and subsequent processing of the same. The reports are evaluated and at the end of the course is given an overall grade on the activities of the laboratory. Attendance at laboratory exercises is mandatory unless exemption authorized in justified cases.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
As the course is a summary of selected topics of industrial chemistry, it has been developed appropriate educational material that is made available to the students of the course through the portal of teaching. Similarly, some exercises and topics covered in the classroom exercises are made available, for the purpose of preparation of the written examination.
For further studies, it is noticed the following texts:
- J.A. Moulijn, M. Makkee, A. Van Diepen, Chemical Process Technology, Ed. Wiley, Chichester, UK, 2001. (OFFICIAL REFERENCE BOOK) 
- R.M. Felder e R.W. Rousseau (2000) Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, J. Wiley 
- E. Stocchi, Chimica industriale, voll. I e II, Ed. Edisco, Torino.  
- K. Liu, C. Song, V. Subramani, Hydrogen and Syngas Production and Purification Technologies, Ed. Wiley, Hoboken NJ, 2010. 
Assessment and grading criteria
The final exam consists of a written test on the resolution of problems similar to those carried out in the classroom exercises, and an optional oral examination. In the written test (3 hours) it is proposed a computational exercise, which can be of either verification or design of a process of the industrial chemistry; during the test it is allowed to consult books, handouts, manuals, various forms, except the "manuscripts" notes; the objective of the written test is constituted by the evaluation of the ability to perform calculations in "open" contexts, i.e. when not all state variables are fixed, and the decision-making options are delegated to the student (on the basis of concepts learned about specific real processes).
The grade of the written exam accounts for 75% of the final grade; another 25% is constituted by the vote laboratory. In the optional oral small-type examination (one only question) the student will be asked about some notional aspect of the processes taught, with the aim to refine the acquired grade (+/- 2 points on the vote matured). 

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2017/18
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