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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2016/17
03AHXMB
Industrial Chemistry
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Chemical And Food Engineering - Torino
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
Pirone Raffaele ORARIO RICEVIMENTO PO ING-IND/27 68 18 14 0 9
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ING-IND/27 10 B - Caratterizzanti Ingegneria chimica
Subject fundamentals
The course provides the necessary skills for the understanding of the main and representative processes of the chemical industry. It was held in parallel with the courses Chemical Reactors and Chemical plants completing basic training of the engineer chemical process.
The objectives of the course are:
- Stimulate the advancement of chemical knowledge aimed at industrial applications;
- Allowing the correct interpretation of processes implemented by the chemical industry;
- Provide students with calculation methods on the equilibria and the mass and energy balances relating to industrial chemical processes;
- Provide the general criteria for the realization of a chemical process.
Expected learning outcomes
By means of the presence at the lessons and attending the course, the student will acquire:
- Thorough knowledge of the chemical reactions and unit operations that are the basis of the main processes of industrial chemistry;
- The ability in understanding the various aspects of a chemical process (thermodynamics, kinetics, catalysis, and types of reactors, operating conditions, system diagrams, safety aspects, environmental and economic);
- The ability to solve problems relating to the calculation of equilibrium and balance of matter and energy on the processes of industrial chemistry;
- The ability to perform properly experiences through laboratory measures useful for the interpretation of the kinetics and / or equilibrium conditions.
For what concerns the ability of the students in acquiring independent and autonomous capability of judgment and communication, the student must:
- Know how to produce technical reports in a correct way;
- Be able to statistically process the results of repeated measurements;
- Be able to process the numerical results according to theoretical models.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
The student who is going to attend this teaching must know the general chemistry, in particular the concepts of chemical equilibrium, the mass action law, the theory of acid-base equilibria and solubility, redox reactions, the principles electrochemistry, thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. He must also know the main classes of organic compounds, the main types of organic reactions, applications of spectrophotometry. Must be able to balance the equations of reaction and solving problem of complex process stoichiometric. It is also highly desirable that he knows how to perform literature searches on English sources.
Contents
Industrial chemical process, raw materials, basic chemicals, fine chemicals and specialty (3 h).
Equilibria in the gas phase and in the liquid phase, ionic equilibria in solution, with laboratory exercises and calculation (15 h).
Catalysis and Catalysts: physical and chemical adsorption, isotherms, heterogeneous catalysis, preparation and properties of the catalysts, homogeneous catalysis (12 h).
Material balances and energy, with calculation exercises (12 h).
Technical gases: hydrogen; the processes of production and purification of synthesis gas (15 h).
Nitrogen cycle: synthesis ammonia, nitric acid, reduction of nitrogen oxides (18 h).
Sulfur, sulfuric acid (15 h).
Oxidation processes of organic compounds, combustion (6 h).
Principles of industrial instrumentation chemical, gas chromatography (3 h).
Delivery modes
Classroom exercises are related to the resolution of problems concerning (phase and chemical) equilibria over industrial chemical processes, proposed as examples and applications of the theoretical treatment. Similarly calculation exercises are performed regarding the mass and energy balances over processes. The issues exercises addressed in the classroom are similar to those that are proposed in the written examination. Attendance to classroom exercises is strongly recommended but not mandatory.
The laboratory exercises are organized in groups of two or three students. For each exercise, each group is required to prepare a written report containing data acquired during the experience and subsequent processing of the same. The reports are evaluated and at the end of the course is given an overall grade on the activities of the laboratory. Attendance at laboratory exercises is mandatory unless exemption authorized in justified cases.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
As the course is a summary of selected topics of industrial chemistry, it has been developed appropriate educational material that is made available to the students of the course through the portal of teaching. Similarly, some exercises and topics covered in the classroom exercises are made available, for the purpose of preparation of the written examination.
For further studies, it is noticed the following texts:
- J.A. Moulijn, M. Makkee, A. Van Diepen, Chemical Process Technology, Ed. Wiley, Chichester, UK, 2001. (OFFICIAL REFERENCE BOOK) 
- R.M. Felder e R.W. Rousseau (2000) Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, J. Wiley 
- E. Stocchi, Chimica industriale, voll. I e II, Ed. Edisco, Torino.  
- K. Liu, C. Song, V. Subramani, Hydrogen and Syngas Production and Purification Technologies, Ed. Wiley, Hoboken NJ, 2010. 
Assessment and grading criteria
The final exam consists of a written test on the resolution of problems similar to those carried out in the classroom exercises, and an optional oral examination. In the written test (3 hours) it is proposed a computational exercise, which can be of either verification or design of a process of the industrial chemistry; during the test it is allowed to consult books, handouts, manuals, various forms, except the "manuscripts" notes; the objective of the written test is constituted by the evaluation of the ability to perform calculations in "open" contexts, i.e. when not all state variables are fixed, and the decision-making options are delegated to the student (on the basis of concepts learned about specific real processes).
The grade of the written exam accounts for 75% of the final grade; another 25% is constituted by the vote laboratory. In the optional oral small-type examination (one only question) the student will be asked about some notional aspect of the processes taught, with the aim to refine the acquired grade (+/- 2 points on the vote matured). 

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2016/17
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