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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2009/10
03FBNFF, 03FBNFD
Renewable energy sources
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Energy Engineering - Torino
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Electrical Engineering - Torino
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
Boffa Cesare ORARIO RICEVIMENTO     39 17 0 0 9
SSD CFU Activities Area context
ING-IND/10 5 D - A scelta dello studente A scelta dello studente
Objectives of the course
Aims:
the knowledge acquired by the students during the Course, given in the third year of the first level degree in Energetics, covers principles of operation, applications, costs of plants and systems using renewable energy sources and related cost/benefit analysis.
Syllabus
' SOLAR ENERGY:
Thermal solar energy: availability of direct, diffuse and reflected solar energy on the ground; principles of operation, performances, and characteristics of low temperature, solar collectors and related system for hot water heating for domestic use, solar plants, of solar concentrators and reflectors for high temperature solar plants; economic and energetic evaluation, internal and external costs, environmental balance, comparison with other technologies. Direct conversion: photoelectric effect, semiconductors characteristics photovoltaic energy, photovoltaic cells, photovoltaics systems, example of systems design, characteristics parameters and their influence on system efficiency.

' WIND ENERGY:
Availability of wind energy, climatic profiles of wind farm sites, criteria for the choice of wind farm location, characteristics of wind generators, the Betz theory, wind farms, efficiency economics of wind system, environmental impact state of the art of technology.

' BIOMASSES:
Availability of biomasses and related technologies for energy uses: gassification and pyrolysis, norms and standards.
Biomass heating plants: design and construction. Costs and benefits analysis.

' GEOTHERMAL ENERGY:
Availability of geothermal energy; types of reservoirs.
Design, construction and operation of a geothermal power plant.
Efficiency of geothermal energy conversion. Environmental impact. Costs and benefits analysis.

' SOLID WASTE:
Energy content and availability of urban solid waste; physical and chemical principles for thermal destruction of solid wastes. Design and construction of solid waste incineration, plant efficiency, environmental impact, cost to benefit analysis.

' ENERGY SAVING:
Energy saving in buildings: design and management of an energy efficient building and related plants (envelope, HVAC plants, artificial lighting).
Energy savings in industry: product and process innovations for energy savings. Heat recovery. Combined production of heat and power.
Energy saving in transports: survey of energy saving solutions for private and public transport.

' HYDROGEN:
Hydrogen as alternative energy carrier; basics in thermochemical, catalytic and electrolytical processes. Chemical reactors and fuel cells (PEM, AFC, PAFC, SOFC, MCFC).
Hydrogen transport and storage problems. Hydrogen production and storage systems. Life cicle analysis; cost to benefit analysis.

Laboratories and/or exercises
Thermodynamic optimization and design of an integrated photovoltaic plant for electricity production from solar energy: design of the plant, calculation of the efficiency, cost analysis.
Bibliography
- C. Boffa, "Gli usi finali dell'energia e la razionalizzazione dei consumi" - Atti del Convegno organizzato dall'Accademia delle Scienze di Torino e dall'Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei
- S. Carrą, "Le fonti di energia" - Ed. Il Mulino
- Appunti del corso redatti dall'ing. Gianluca Toso
Check availability at the library
Revisions / Exam
CONTROL OF KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION:
Drafting and discussing of papers on specific subject treated in the course.

FINAL EXAMS:
Written test.

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2009/10
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