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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2015/16
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Fundamentals of nuclear physics
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Energy Engineering - Torino
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Biomedical Engineering - Torino
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Mechanical Engineering - Mondovi'
Espandi...
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
Lavagno Andrea ORARIO RICEVIMENTO AC FIS/04 48 12 0 0 10
SSD CFU Activities Area context
FIS/04 6 D - A scelta dello studente A scelta dello studente
Subject fundamentals
The aim of the course is to introduce the main physical principles to nuclear structure, reactions and stability. The course provides insights on multidisciplinary topics related to nuclear physics giving special emphasis on the description of the experimental concepts and to several technology applications to the field of the energy, industry, environment and medicine.
Expected learning outcomes
The goal is the acquisition of the basic modern physics laws and principles related to nuclear interaction, nuclear stability, nuclear reactions. Understanding of the fundamental scientific and industrial applications related to the subatomic phenomena.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Basics of physics (mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism).
Contents
- Basic concepts and overview of the atomic nucleus. Kinematics and dynamics in nuclear reactions. Mass-energy equivalence. Basics elements in quantum mechanics. Introduction to scattering processes, total and differential cross section. Experiments and applications. Total and differential cross section. Nuclear shapes and sizes, charge and matter distribution. General properties of nuclear reactions. Nuclear stability, binding energy, semi-empirical mass formula, liquid drop model. Magic numbers and Shell model. General properties of nuclear reactions and the nuclear force. Experiments and technological applications. (3 credits)

- The radioactive decay law, production and decay of radioactivity, growth of daughter activities. Natural radioactivity, radioactivity dating, units for measuring radiation. Experiments and applications. Alpha, Beta, Gamma decays. Weak decays and interactions. Interaction of radiation with matter. Heavy charged particles: Bethe-Bloch formula and Bragg curve. Electrons. Gamma Rays interaction with matter. Neutrons. Attenuation and neutron moderation. Neutron sources. Detectors and nuclear instrumentation. Scientific, industrial and biomedical applications. (2 credits)

- Physical principles of nuclear fission and fusion. Thermonuclear reactions in the stars and in reactors. Introduction to elementary particles. (1 credit)
Delivery modes
Problems and exercises related to the lessons subjects will be solved in the tutorial classes.
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
- Introductory Nuclear Physics, K. S. Krane, Wiley
- Nuclear Physics, Principles and Applications, J. Lilley, Wiley
- Learning material provided by the teacher.
Assessment and grading criteria
The exam involves a written and an oral proof. The written proof includes simple problems (either symbolic or numeric) and questions about all the subjects of the course. The total allotted time is 2 hrs. The written proof is passed with a total score of at least 18/30. The oral proof is about all subjects treated in lectures. The final mark is a weighted average of written/oral scores.

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2015/16
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