


Politecnico di Torino  
Academic Year 2015/16  
03IOYMK, 03IOYET, 03IOYFG, 03IOYFJ, 03IOYJM, 03IOYLI, 03IOYLJ, 03IOYLL, 03IOYLM, 03IOYLN, 03IOYLS, 03IOYLU, 03IOYLZ, 03IOYMA, 03IOYMB, 03IOYMC, 03IOYMH, 03IOYMN, 03IOYMO, 03IOYMQ, 03IOYNX, 03IOYNZ, 03IOYOA, 03IOYOD, 03IOYPC, 03IOYPI, 03IOYPL, 03IOYPM, 03IOYPW Fundamentals of nuclear physics 

1st degree and Bachelorlevel of the Bologna process in Energy Engineering  Torino 1st degree and Bachelorlevel of the Bologna process in Biomedical Engineering  Torino 1st degree and Bachelorlevel of the Bologna process in Mechanical Engineering  Mondovi' Espandi... 





Subject fundamentals
The aim of the course is to introduce the main physical principles to nuclear structure, reactions and stability. The course provides insights on multidisciplinary topics related to nuclear physics giving special emphasis on the description of the experimental concepts and to several technology applications to the field of the energy, industry, environment and medicine.

Expected learning outcomes
The goal is the acquisition of the basic modern physics laws and principles related to nuclear interaction, nuclear stability, nuclear reactions. Understanding of the fundamental scientific and industrial applications related to the subatomic phenomena.

Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Basics of physics (mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism).

Contents
 Basic concepts and overview of the atomic nucleus. Kinematics and dynamics in nuclear reactions. Massenergy equivalence. Basics elements in quantum mechanics. Introduction to scattering processes, total and differential cross section. Experiments and applications. Total and differential cross section. Nuclear shapes and sizes, charge and matter distribution. General properties of nuclear reactions. Nuclear stability, binding energy, semiempirical mass formula, liquid drop model. Magic numbers and Shell model. General properties of nuclear reactions and the nuclear force. Experiments and technological applications. (3 credits)
 The radioactive decay law, production and decay of radioactivity, growth of daughter activities. Natural radioactivity, radioactivity dating, units for measuring radiation. Experiments and applications. Alpha, Beta, Gamma decays. Weak decays and interactions. Interaction of radiation with matter. Heavy charged particles: BetheBloch formula and Bragg curve. Electrons. Gamma Rays interaction with matter. Neutrons. Attenuation and neutron moderation. Neutron sources. Detectors and nuclear instrumentation. Scientific, industrial and biomedical applications. (2 credits)  Physical principles of nuclear fission and fusion. Thermonuclear reactions in the stars and in reactors. Introduction to elementary particles. (1 credit) 
Delivery modes
Problems and exercises related to the lessons subjects will be solved in the tutorial classes.

Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
 Introductory Nuclear Physics, K. S. Krane, Wiley
 Nuclear Physics, Principles and Applications, J. Lilley, Wiley  Learning material provided by the teacher. 
Assessment and grading criteria
The exam involves a written and an oral proof. The written proof includes simple problems (either symbolic or numeric) and questions about all the subjects of the course. The total allotted time is 2 hrs. The written proof is passed with a total score of at least 18/30. The oral proof is about all subjects treated in lectures. The final mark is a weighted average of written/oral scores.

