


Politecnico di Torino  
Academic Year 2017/18  
03IOYMK, 03IOYET, 03IOYFJ, 03IOYJM, 03IOYLI, 03IOYLM, 03IOYLN, 03IOYLP, 03IOYLS, 03IOYLZ, 03IOYMA, 03IOYMB, 03IOYMC, 03IOYMH, 03IOYMN, 03IOYMO, 03IOYMQ, 03IOYNX, 03IOYOA, 03IOYPC, 03IOYPI, 03IOYPL Fundamentals of nuclear physics 

1st degree and Bachelorlevel of the Bologna process in Energy Engineering  Torino 1st degree and Bachelorlevel of the Bologna process in Biomedical Engineering  Torino 1st degree and Bachelorlevel of the Bologna process in Mechanical Engineering  Torino Espandi... 





Subject fundamentals
The aim of the course is to introduce the main physical principles to nuclear structure, reactions and stability. The course provides insights on multidisciplinary topics related to nuclear physics giving special emphasis on the description of the experimental concepts and to several technology applications to the field of the energy, industry, aerospace, environment and medicine.

Expected learning outcomes
The goal is the acquisition of the basic modern physics laws and principles related to nuclear interaction, nuclear stability, nuclear reactions. Understanding of the fundamental scientific and industrial applications related to the subatomic phenomena.

Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Basics of physics (mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism).

Contents
 Introduction to special relativity. Massenergy equivalence. Kinematics and dynamics in nuclear reactions. Basics elements in quantum mechanics. Experiments and technological applications.
Introduction to scattering processes, total and differential cross section. Nuclear shapes and sizes, charge and matter distribution. Nuclear stability, binding energy, semiempirical mass formula, liquid drop model. Magic numbers and Shell model. General properties of nuclear reactions and the nuclear force. Experiments and technological applications. (32 hours)  The radioactive decay law, production and decay of radioactivity, growth of daughter activities. Natural radioactivity, radioactivity dating, units for measuring radiation. Experiments and applications. Alpha, Beta, Gamma decays. Interaction of radiation with matter. Scientific, industrial and biomedical applications. (16 hours)  Physical principles of nuclear fission and fusion. Thermonuclear reactions in the stars and in reactors. Introduction to elementary particles. (12 hours) 
Delivery modes
The course consists of 46 hours of theoretical lessons and 14 hours of class exercises. Problems and exercises related to the lessons subjects will be solved in the tutorial classes.

Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
 Halliday, Resnick, Fundamental physics. Modern physics, Wiley
 Introductory Nuclear Physics, K. S. Krane, Wiley  Nuclear Physics, Principles and Applications, J. Lilley, Wiley  Learning material provided online by the teacher. 
Assessment and grading criteria
The goal of the exam is to test the knowledge of the candidate about the topics included in the program and to verify the skill in the understanding of the most important technological applications connected to the nuclear interaction and in the solution of problems. The exam involves a written and an optional oral proof. The written proof includes simple problems (either symbolic or numeric) and open questions about all the subjects of the course, to test ability in problem solving and a wide knowledge of the basic concepts on modern and nuclear physics. The total allotted time is 2 hrs. The written proof is passed with a total score of at least 18/30; the maximum score is 30/30. During the written examination, students can only use a portable calculator as a supporting material. The oral proof is about all subjects treated in the lectures and is mainly oriented to test the understanding of the nuclear phenomenology, nuclear radiation and connected technological applications.
The final mark is a weighted average of written/oral scores. 
