|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2015/16|
Applied Electronics and Measurement
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Computer Engineering - Torino
This course completes the basic electronic elements addressed in the previous "Electronic systems technologies' course, providing detailed analysis of medium-complexity electronic systems, including analog and digital units, and introducing some design issue. The course includes the fundamental concepts of Electronic Measurements, with reference to the measurement methods and instrumentation, with information on sensors and their interfacing.
Expected learning outcomes
Ability to analyze circuits using analog, and digital signals, including ADC and DAC. Understanding the characteristics of electronic devices and integrated circuits, ability to use the data sheets. Ability to define the characteristics of functional blocks, and to design blocks of limited complexity using integrated commercial components. Knowledge of issues and techniques for interfacing and communication between modules, basic protocols, design of simple interfaces.
Knowledge of the different manufacturing techniques and design flow for electronic systems, with related parameters (speed, power consumption, cost) and features.
Knowledge of techniques and procedures for measurements of medium complexity, ability to use the proper instruments. Knowledge of automated measurement techniques. Ability to define the characterization procedures for electronic subsystems, selection of measuring instruments, preparation of reports related to measuring and testing.
Prerequisites / Assumed knowledge
Analysis of electrical networks and characteristics of signals in the time and frequency domains. Models and characteristics of diodes, MOS and BJ Transistors, operational amplifiers. Behaviour, parameters and models of operational amplifiers and basic logic circuits. Tools and techniques for basic measurements (voltage, current, spectral analysis); quantitative analysis of measurement errors.
1 Sequential logic circuits: (10 hours)
Review on basic Flip-Flops, frequency dividers, counters, registers;
Structure and timing of sequential systems (FSM).
Programmable logic circuits, PLA, FPGA.
2 Threshold comparators: circuits and applications (6 ore)
Histeresis voltage compartors.
Squarewave and triangular waveform generators.
3 Bus and interconnections (18 hours)
Review of transmission lines behaviour, reflections, termination, crosstalk.
Layered model for interconnections, topologies, taxonomy.
Synchronization protocols for reading and writing, master-slave protocols, multi-master, arbitration.
Examples of standard protocols.
Techniques for the distribution of clock signals and power.
4 Data acquisition systems (18 hours)
Conversion systems, sampling and quantization.
Techniques and circuits for A / D to D / A.
Signal conditioning, multiplexers, Sample / Hold.
Systems Analog / Digital, an example of complex system with microporous / DSP or FPGA.
5 Power Systems and Power Supplies (8 hours)
Energy management: Power supply, Battery Charger;
Single and full wave rectifiers;
Dissipative and switching voltage regulators; examples of integrated devices.
6 Electronic Measurements (32 hours)
Uncertainty models, direct measurements / indirect
Instrumentation: digital oscilloscope, digital voltmeters, AC voltmeters
Measures time and frequency
Signal generators, synthesizers
7 Sensors (8 hours)
Analog sensors, a threshold digital
Position sensors / speed / acceleration, force / pressure, temperature
Interfacing sensors with data acquisition systems
The course includes classroom exercises, consisting in the analysis of circuits and electronic systems and small projects, related to the topics of the lectures. Laboratory experiments are an optional part; they are carried out by student teams at the Educational Laboratories of the Department (LED). A report on procedures and results of measurements must be delivered by each team. The experimental activities adress:
Digital interconnections, reflections, termination
Threshold voltage comparator (square-triangle wave generator)
D/A and A/D converters;
Voltage and current measurements
Texts, readings, handouts and other learning resources
The reference text, covering most of the contents of Electronics, is:
F. Maloberti: Understanding Microelectronics: A Top-Down Approach; Wiley, December 2011, ISBN: 978-0-470-74555-7.
The contents of Electronic Measurements are addressed in:
A. Carullo, U. Pisani, A. Vallan: Fondamenti di Misure e Strumentazione Elettronica, CLUT, 2006
Copies of transparencies used in the lectures, examples of written examination problems and exercises, and manuals for laboratory exercises are provided. All course material can be downloaded from: http://areeweb.polito.it/didattica/corsiddc/03MOA/ .
Assessment and grading criteria
The final exam includes a written test and, on specific request, an oral discussion.
The written test includes
- 10 closed-answer questions
- 2 textual answer questions
- 3 numeric exercises
The time assigned for the solution is 2 hours, and the maximum mark which can be achieved with the written test is 27.
The final grade is a weighted average of the scores of written test and oral discussion (weight about 0.8) and lab reports (weight about 0.2). It is possible to take a supplementary oral discussion (duration 15'-20'), addressing all the topics covered in lectures and laboratories, and get additional points with reports on specific topics, or preparing lecture notes to be reused in subsequent years. Detailed rules for reports and notes are given during the first lesson.
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2015/16