|Politecnico di Torino|
|Academic Year 2007/08|
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Architecture Sciences - Torino
Objectives of the course
The unit intends to develop a general knowledge around the instruments used for the regulation of urban and territorial transformations, and to lay the groundwork for planning activities and control of the primary physical and functional components of urban settings.
The educational and learning process requires the student’s active participation to the reading seminars that are organised around some of the unit’s themes.
Development of an essential reference framework to interpret and perform planning and design activities. In particular, it is expected that students acquire sufficient understanding of language, concepts and basic technical tools needed to follow the relevant technical-scientific debate, and the capability to develop adequate interactions between building design and land-use regulation by using instruments specific to the urban planning discipline.
In order to enrol, students must have passed first year’s Architecture-town planning lab exam.
The unit is designed into classes and exercises centred around the following themes:
a. Characters and evolution of modern town planning in Europe;
b. Issues and prospects of city and territorial regulation in Italy;
c. Individuals, roles, planning and organisation tools for the city and the territory;
d. The instruments for planning and management of urban and territorial transformations (urban, territorial, sector plans);
e. Analysis of technical parameters for management and control of town planning scheme’s prescriptions (land-uses; modes of urban conservation and transformation; city-building and ecology related indexes; infrastructure development);
f. Instruments and technical-administrative procedures for urban and building developments.
Syllabus: more informations
Programme (professor U. Janin Rivolin Yoccoz)
Urban planning is the technical activity that aims at performing strategical, regulatory and planning functions for land-use regulation. Given that land-use regulation is the institutional and political activity intended to regulate safeguard, use, transformation and promotion of land and environmental and cultural heritage, as well as the organisation of the mobility system, the relationships between town planning and architecture can become obvious. Conversely, the nature of these relationships is not to be taken for granted or trivial, but shall be investigated, studied and comprehended, because the objectives pursued by the two technical activities in question (architecture and town planning) differ.
In all cases, for the architecture student the relevance of town planning is linked to acquiring professional competences needed for the profession (by law, architects are qualified to develop urban and territorial plans), as well as the understanding of the institutional, administrative, political and operational framework within which architecture, building and infrastructure projects occur.
Therefore, the objective of the unit is to provide a general knowledge of the instruments used for the regulation of urban and territorial transformations, and to lay the groundwork for planning activities and control of the primary physical and functional components of urban settings.
In particular, students are expected to acquire:
(a) adequate understanding of language, concepts and basic technical tools to dialogue with those involved, in various ways, in urban and territorial transformation processes (not just urban planners, architects and specialists in general, but also public administrators, private operators and the public);
(b) the capability to develop adequate interactions between building design and town planning tools.
The unit is taught through lectures given by the professor, whose understanding will be tested progressively through compulsory exercises undertaken in class. By the end of the unit, students are required to prepare and submit the outline of a scientific text selected from a list of recommended readings.
The unit is designed into three modules (referred to as A/C below) and addresses ten themes (referred to as A1/C4 below). The main contents of each theme covered in lectures and subject matter of the exam are listed overleaf.
A. City and territory
A1. Urban transformation
- Urban phenomenon nature and evolution
- Contemporary city characters and issues
- Fordism and Post-Fordism
- Urbanisation and conterurbanisation
- The role of income in city making
A2. Urban development in Italy
- Post-war, reconstruction and ‘economic miracle'
- Urban polarisation and territorial imbalances
- Building crisis and urban requalification
- Territorial deconcentration and ‘Third Italy’ emergence
- Contemporary urban structure and emerging issues
B. Institutions and instruments
B1. Land-use regulation
- Planning systems
- Italian institutional system
- Institutional levels and competencies
- Planning tools
- Regional territorial plan
- Provincial coordination plan
B2. Town plan
- Aims and contents
- Zoning, indexes, standards and developments
- Conception and approval
- Development and composition
- Building permits
B3. Implementation instruments
- Town plan implementation
- Multi-year implementation programme
- Executive urban instruments
- Complex urban programmes
B4. European innovations
- European integration and ‘territorial cohesion’
- EU forms and instruments
- Effects on Italian land-use planning
- European territorial governance
C. Concepts and theories
C1. Architecture and town planning
- Origins of modern town planning
- Town planning as physical planning
- Post-war urban planning theories
- Problems and critiques
C2. Rational planning model
- Systemic approach to town planning
- Town planning as rational process
- Town planning as political process
- Public participation
C3. Efficacy in urban planning
- Large-scale problems: overall effects of urban planning
- Planning and market
- Small-scale problems: plan implementation
- ‘Communicative’ prospective
C4. Topicality of town planning
- Between social-democracy and neo-liberalism
- Urban and regulatory regimes theories
- 'Conformative' and 'performative' prospectives of land-use regulation
- Town planning as institutional technology
Choay F. (1973), La città. Utopie e realtà [City. Utopies and reality], Einaudi, Torino.
Piccinato G. (1977), La costruzione dell'urbanistica [Construction of urban planning]. Germania 1871-1914, Officina Edizioni, Roma.
Zucconi G. (1989), La città contesa [The disputed city], Jaca Book, Milano
Rosini R. a cura di, (1992), L'urbanistica delle aree metropolitane [Town planning of metropolitan areas], Alinea, Firenze, pp. 11'75; 115'131.
Salzano E. (1998), Fondamenti di urbanistica [Foundations of town planning], Laterza, Bari.
Secchi B. (1984), Il racconto urbanistico [The town planning story], Einaudi, Torino
Brunetta G. (1997), Giochi negoziali nelle politiche urbane [Negotiation games in town planning policies], Alinea, Firenze, pp.25'51; 102'153.
Friedmann J. (1993), Pianificazione e dominio pubblico. Dalla conoscenza all'azione [Planning in the public domain. From knowledge to action], Dedalo, Bari, pp. 7'130; 241'292.
Avarello P. (2000), Il piano comunale [The town plan], IlSole24Ore Edizioni, Milano.
Talia M. (2003), La pianificazione del territorio [Land-use planning], IlSole24Ore Edizioni, Milano, pp. 259'365.
Falco L. (1999), L'indice di edificabilità [Construction index], Utet, Torino.
Gabellini P. (2001), Tecniche urbanistiche [Town planning techniques], Carocci Editore, Roma, pp. 45'118.
Colombo G., Pagano F., Rossetti M. (2001), Manuale di urbanistica [Manual of town planning], IlSole24Ore Edizioni, Milano.
Books and educational material (professor U. Janin Rivolin Yoccoz)
The unit contents are studied and deepened through the following sources:
1. Lecturer notes;
3. Recommended readings to carry out the text outline;
4. Further texts suggested for more in depth analysis.
1. Lesson attendance is mandatory and students have to take notes individually. Notetaking will be favoured by the lecture notes uploaded by the professor on the ‘Material’ section of the unit web portal. Duly integrated by the student’s own notes, lecture notes constitute the most straightforward source to keep track of overall progress and specific contents of the unit.
2. The three textbooks overleaf are key to study the unit themes, related to three modules respectively (see point 2):
A. Salzano E., Fondamenti di urbanistica. La storia e la norma [Foundations of town planning. History and law], Laterza, Roma-Bari 2007 (or: 1998).
B. Golinelli P., et al., Diritto urbanistico e amministrativo. Manuale per tecnici [Urban planning and administrative law. Manual for specialists], ICAP, Cuneo 2006.
C. Taylor N., Teoria dell'urbanistica dal 1945 [Theory of urban planning since 1945], CLUEB, Bologna 2006.
Therefore, the three books shall be read entirely and relevant parts studied based on the professor’s indications at the end of each lecture. It is pointed out that the three textbooks complement (as opposed to replace) lesson attendance and study of lecture notes integrated by the student’s own notes. On reflection, lecture notes integrate and do not replace textbooks.
3. The books listed in alphabetical order overleaf are suggested to carry out the text outline that each student has to submit by the end of the unit.
1. Bagnasco A., Fatti sociali spiegati nello spazio. Cinque lezioni di sociologia urbana e regionale [Social facts explained in space. Five lessons of urban and regional sociology], Franco Angeli, Milano 1994.
2. Bagnasco A., Le Galès P., a cura, La città nell'Europa contemporanea [Cities in contemporary Europe], Liguori, Napoli 2001.
3. Clementi A., Dematteis G., Palermo P.C., a cura, Le forme del territorio italiano. I. Temi e immagini del mutamento [Shapes of Italian lands. Themes and images of mutation], Laterza, Roma-Bari 1996.
4. Falco L., L'indice di edificabilità. Un attrezzo dell'urbanista [Construction index. A urban planner’s tool], Utet, Torino 1999.
5. Janin Rivolin U., European spatial planning. La governance territoriale comunitaria e le innovazioni dell'urbanistica [European spatial planning. Territorial and community governance and innovations in urban planning], Franco Angeli, Milano 2004
6. Lingua V., Riqualificazione urbana alla prova. Forme di innovazione nei programmi complessi dal quartiere all'area vasta [Urban renewal being tested. Types of innovation in complex programmes from neighbourhood to big areas], Alinea, Firenze 2007.
7. Martinotti G., Metropoli. La nuova morfologia sociale della città [Metropolis. The new social morphology of cities], Il Mulino, Bologna 1993.
8. Mazza L., Piano, progetti, strategie [Plan, projects, strategies], Franco Angeli, Milano 2004.
9. Mazza L., Progettare gli squilibri [Planning imbalances], Franco Angeli, Milano 2004.
10. Palermo P.C., Trasformazioni e governo del territorio. Introduzione critica [Transformations and land-use regulation. Critical introduction], Franco Angeli, Milano 2004.
11. Pasqui G., Il territorio delle politiche. Innovazione sociale e pratiche di pianificazione [Policies land. Social innovation and planning practices], Franco Angeli, Milano 2001.
12. Regione Piemonte, a cura, Valutare i programmi complessi [Evaluating complex programmes], L'Artistica, Savigliano 2004.
13. Salone C., Il territorio negoziato. Strategie, coalizioni e 'patti' nelle nuove politiche territoriali [Negotiated land. Strategies, coalitions and ‘deals’ in new terriorial policies], Alinea, Firenze 1999.
14. Sassen S., La città nell'economia globale [Cities in the global economy], Il Mulino, Bologna 1997.
15. Zucconi G., La città contesa. Dagli ingegneri sanitari agli urbanisti (1885-1942) [The disputed city. From sanitary engineers to town planners (1885-1942)], Jaka Book, Milano 1989.
In particular, each student has to choose one of the above texts, read it entirely and carry out a text outline based on the learning outcomes, according to format and instructions given in class. The text outline shall be submitted by the end of the unit and will play to all intents and purposes its part in the exam appraisal.
4. Further readings (books, essays, research articles, web links) referenced throughout pertinent lecture themes can be used by students to deepen the exam subject matters that are of particular interest.
Revisions / Exam
Students enrolled must have passed the first year’s Architecture-town planning lab exam. The elements contributing to the final appraisal of student performance are:
a) grades of four exercises undertaken in written form during the unit;
b) assessment of the text outline that shall be submitted at the end of the unit;
c) evaluation of student participation in classroom activities (in terms of lesson attendance and quality of participation);
d) outcome of the final oral examination
It can also help to summarise what is needed to undertake the final examination:
a pass to the first year’s Architecture-town planning lab exam;
lesson attendance certified by the professor;
participation to each written exercise throughout the unit;
submission of the text outline at the end of the unit.
Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2008/09