Politecnico di Torino
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Politecnico di Torino
Academic Year 2009/10
05EARDI, 05EAREG
Chemistry A
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Logistics And Production Engineering - Torino
1st degree and Bachelor-level of the Bologna process in Business Organization Engineering - Torino
Teacher Status SSD Les Ex Lab Tut Years teaching
Malucelli Giulio ORARIO RICEVIMENTO O2 ING-IND/22 54 0 0 0 11
Malucelli Giulio ORARIO RICEVIMENTO O2 ING-IND/22 54 0 0 0 11
SSD CFU Activities Area context
CHIM/07 5 A - Di base Fisica e chimica
Objectives of the course
The course aims to provide the fundamental concepts of the chemical phenomena, the structure and the properties of the substances.
Expected skills
Students will understand the meaning of chemical transformation and its relevance in the engineering processes.
Prerequisites
In order to successfully attend the course, it is requested to know the basic concepts of mathematics and trigonometry and the nomenclature of the periodic table.
Syllabus
Rules of nomenclature for the most important compounds; reactions and stoichiometric computations. Fundamental chemical laws. Atomic structure. The matter and its aggregation states: gases, liquids and solids. 1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics. Thermochemistry: combustion reactions, Hess law. Kinetics. Homogeneous and heterogeneous chemical equilibria. Solution equilibria. Electrochemistry.
Syllabus: more informations
Rules of nomenclature for the most important compounds of the inorganic chemistry: oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, acids, hydrides, salts. Amphoteric elements. Chemical reactions and their balance. Stoichiometric computations. The matter and its aggregation states. Fractionation of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems. Fundamental chemical laws: Lavoisier, Proust, Dalton, Richter, Gay-Lussac, Dulong and Petit. Cannizzaro's rule. Atomic weight. Mass atomic unit. Nuclides and isotopes.
Ideal and real gases. Gas laws: Boyle, Charles, Volta-Gay Lussac. Avogadro's law. Equation of state for ideal gases. Real gases: van der Waals' equation. Dalton and Amagat laws. Absolute and relative density. Average molecular weight of a gas mixture. Thermal dissociation of gases.
Liquids: vapor pressure, Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Solutions and their composition. Colligative properties: Raoult's law, crioscopy and ebullioscopy, osmotic pressure.
Solids: Bravais lattices. X-ray diffraction. Bragg's law. Classification of solids: ionic, covalent, metallic, molecular, chain or layered solids.
Atomic structure. Atomic models: Thomson, Rutherford, Bohr-Sommerfeld, De Broglie.
Chemical bonds: ionic bond and the Born-Haber cycle, covalent bond (Valence bond and Molecular Orbitals theory); metallic bond.
Redox reactions
Basis of thermodynamics: 1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics, internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs free energy. Thermochemistry: combustion reactions, Hess law.
Kinetics: elemental reactions, reaction rates, activation energy, catalysis.
Chemical equilibria: Guldberg-Waage law. Dependence on temperature, pressure and composition. Acid-base equilibria; electrolytes, pH, pOH, solubility constant, hydrolysis.
Basics of electrochemistry.
Laboratories and/or exercises
Numerical problems on stoichiometry, gas laws, solution properties, equilibria and thermochemistry.
Bibliography
G. Malucelli, N. Penazzi, 'Elementi di Chimica per l'Ingegneria', Levrotto & Bella, Torino 2006.
Revisions / Exam
Written exam, 2 hrs, no book and/or formulary allowed; oral examination to follow. Instead of the final written exam on the entire program, students can do two short tests during the semester of the course.

Programma definitivo per l'A.A.2005/06
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