


Politecnico di Torino  
Academic Year 2007/08  
13AXOFJ, 13AXOES, 13AXOET, 13AXOEU, 13AXOEX, 13AXOFD, 13AXOFF, 13AXOFN Physics I 

1st degree and Bachelorlevel of the Bologna process in Mechanical Engineering  Torino 1st degree and Bachelorlevel of the Bologna process in Aerospace Engineering  Torino 1st degree and Bachelorlevel of the Bologna process in Biomedical Engineering  Torino Espandi... 





Objectives of the course
This is a basic course that aims to teach basics of classical mechanics and thermodynamics and to enable students to solve simple problems. This course requires the knowledge acquired in the course of Mathematical analysis I.
Beside lectures and practicals there are labs, that show students how to manage physical data. 
Expected skills
Knowledge of mechanical and thermodynamic laws. Problem solving skills.

Prerequisites
Basic of differential and integral calsulus.

Syllabus
 Cartesian coordinates, polar, cylindrical, spherical. Motion of a point. Position, speed, acceleration. Uniform motion. Circular motion. Angular speed. Relative motion.
 Inertial reference frames. Galilean principle of Relativity. Dynamic of a point. Mass and force. Newton's laws. Gravitational, Coulombian, elastic force. Acceleration on terrestrial surface.  Formal study of motion: 2nd Newton's law as differential equation system. Projectile motion. Harmonic motion. Simple pendulus. Moment of a force. Linear and angular moment. Kinetic and potential energy. Mechanical energy and its conservation. Etc.  Material point. Static and dynamic friction. Motion of a material point on a rectilinear or circular track, with or without friction. Simple pendulus. Equilibrium stability and its motion.  Mass geometry. Mass distribution. HuygensSteiner's theorem. Etc.  Inner and outer forces. Cardinal equations of dynamics. Linear and angular moment of a mass system. Rigid systems. Axial moment. Rototranslation. Etc. Coriolis' acceleration. Relative dynamic. Coriolis' force.  Work. Power. Conservative and dissipative forces; potential energy. Kinetic energy of a rigid system. Etc.  Collisions. Impulsive forces. Elastic and inelastic forces.  Properties of a fluid. Incompressibility. Pressure. Ideal fluids. Equation of continuity. Bernouilli's theorem. Stevino's theorem. Archimede's principle. Viscosity. Etc.  Thermometric. Calorimetry. Transformations of a thermodynamic system. Reversibility and irreversibility. Perfect gases; inner and outer energy of perfect gases. Adiabatic, isotherm, isobar and isochor transformations. 1st and 2nd principle of thermodynamics. Carnot cycle. Carnot's and Clausius' theorems. Entropy. Etc. 
Laboratories and/or exercises
 Practicals:
2 groups working on themes carried out during lectures.  Lab: 1 group: physical quantities. Physical laws. Dimensional analysis. Intrinsic uncertainty and errors. Errors. Histograms. Probability. Etc. 3 groups: simple pendulus, momentum of inertia, torsion pendulus. 
