Models and scenarios for energy and emissions planning
keywords CLIMATE CHANGES, STOCHASTIC FORCING, EMISSIONS, ENERGY
Reference persons RAFFAELLA TESTONI, MASSIMO ZUCCHETTI
Thesis type MODELING AND DATA ANALYSIS
Description Many European countries are facing similar energy issues: a scarce domestic production and a reliance on foreign supply. For all these European nations, CO2 and other noxious gases emissions are under strict control in order to reach the self-imposed environmental targets, sometimes in compliance with EU directives.
The present situation of the Italian energy sector – for instance - highlights also a certain dependency from hydropower generation: this represents a vulnerability in the long term, as water flows are generally not constant and the effect of climate changes might impact on the predictability of such a technology. Many eastern European electricity networks are also affected by high loss rates (reaching peaks of 30%).
Starting from the analysis of the present situation, the study provides also some results of forecast exercises, in view of a diversification of fuels, which is becoming increasingly necessary.
The exercises are performed making use of a model developed within the EU which allows to evaluate the optimal energy supply mix under the cost point of view, including emissions, taking into account all the technological and economical details of the energy solutions, infrastructures and processes involved. The model also foresees the possibility to take into account for the geopolitical risk posed by some countries.
The comparative analyses show how two countries, although with very different parameters, show similar possible solutions for the energy and emissions question.
See also https://areeweb.polito.it/didattica/climatechange/
Required skills Basi di fisica e matematica
Deadline 04/05/2023 PROPONI LA TUA CANDIDATURA