As required by the new national and international regulations, thanks this course students will learn to approach in the correct way the innovation in the AECO (Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Operation) industry using a methodology based on BIM (Building Information Modeling) and InfraBIM (BIM for Infrastructure) for the built heritage. The aim is to bring the student to acquire the ability to make optimal design, management and maintenance decisions on the built heritage (buildings and infrastructures), depending on the context conditions and the optimization of resources.
At the end of the semester, students will be able to manage big quantities of heterogeneous data using:
(i) a work-sharing process;
(ii) the correct LoD (Level of Detail/Development) for each element of the 3D parametric model based on well identify national and international standard;
(iii) the interoperability among software using worldwide format like IFC (Industry Foundation Class).
Furthermore, students will be able to use tools for virtual and augmented reality to visualize the data in each phase of the process, in different ways for different users. All this will allow them entering the world of work or research with high theoretical and practical skills on Design, Construction Management and Facility Management as a whole.
The expected knowledge are:
(i) develop a systemic approach to manage the complexity of the built heritage, correlating the requests of the “Owner” and the explanation of the different phases that may concern the Life Cycle of a building or of an infrastructure;
(ii) define the requirements and specifications for the measurement of the difference between real and expected quality based on the know-how on this field.
The expected skills require to be able to:
(i) define specifications to respond to the different needs of a building or an infrastructure during its life cycle;
(ii) know how to orient the planning, management and maintenance proposals towards technological and process optimization;
(iii) define the contents of the digital model;
(iv) choose the most appropriate tools and formats to ensure interoperability of data between the different professionals involved in the building process.
The proposed methodology will allow the student of today, but the designer of tomorrow, to facilitate it in the management decisions present in the building process. The BIM process aims to simplify a complex process by touching multiple disciplines. Disciplines that a designer must know and govern in ever tighter times, dictated by the current global infrastructure market.
Skills and advanced knowledge of representation, management and design are considered already acquired.
Basic knowledge of issues arising from the construction technique. Knowledge of static schemes, building materials such as steel, reinforced concrete, c.a.p. . Basic knowledge of tension and deformation states with the aim of being able to dimension structures with simple static schemes.
Lectures (70% of the course) will be about:
(i) definition of BIM, InfraBIM, Interoperability and LoD;
(ii) contents of a digital model, who must insert them, when to insert them and how to insert them in relation to the building process, working on the built heritage, paying attention to structural analysis;
(iii) the As-Built model, definition and contents;
(iv) regulations like “Codice degli Appalti 2016”, UNI 113337:2017, DM 560/2017;
(v) interoperability, methods and formats;
(vi) clash detection;
(vii) typologies and structural analysis;
(viii) virtual and augmented reality;
(ix) analysis of real case studies (bridges, tunnels, metro stations, schools, hospitals, etc.).
Practices (30% of the course) are planned with the aim:
(i) to produce a digital parametric model (working in team of 3/4 students) able to describe a building or an infrastructure (school or bridge) with both graphic and alphanumerical contents;
(ii) to test interoperability for structural analysis;
(iii) to use virtual and augmented reality tools.
The course aims to enhance the practical life of the building site where BIM makes its potential felt. Starting from the project idea, passing through the planning, crossing the field of construction until reaching its maintenance.
Practice represents the final aspect of the teaching path, intended as definition of the theoretical methodological aspects through the exemplification of the same. For this reason, all lectures will be in the classroom as well as the practice about modeling and structural analysis. Instead, the practice about virtual and augmented reality will be organized in the Lab DrawingTOtheFuture (http://www.drawingtothefuture.polito.it/), in order to be able to test different kind of tools.
Anna Osello, Niccolò Rapetti, Francesco Semeraro (2018). InfraBIM. Il BIM per le infrastrutture. Gangemi editore.
Anna Osello, Matteo Del Giudice (2018). BIM handbook for Building and Civil Engineering Students. Levrotto & Bella editore.
Modalità di esame: prova orale obbligatoria; elaborato grafico prodotto in gruppo; progetto di gruppo;
Exam: compulsory oral exam; group graphic design project; group project;
The individual assessment of learning is based on the addition of three components:
(i) mark (max 12/30L) of the exercise carried out by the working group with attention to the completeness, congruence and clarity of the contents of the products produced;
(ii) mark (max16/30L) of the final oral exam with attention to the knowledge of the contents and the ability to problem solving;
(iii) mark (max 3/30L) of the oral presentation of the group work with attention to language skill and ability to synthesize.